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Score Reference Record Date
25 CHAR 1/118A-B Personal: Clementine S Churchill: Correspondence. Dec 1915 - 1945
25 CHAR 1/118A/1-2 Letter from CSC to WSC, on his return to Belgium after leave in Britain. Typescript transcript at CHAR 1/118B/2. 27 Dec 1915
25 CHAR 1/118A/20-21 Letter from CSC to WSC, on the Conscription Crisis, the Prime Minister's method of dealing with opposition, and the possibility of publication of the Dardanelles Papers. Typescript transcript at CHAR 1/118B/23-25. 11 Jan [1916]
25 CHAR 1/129/24-25 Letter from Brigadier Bernard Freyberg [29th Division] from France to WSC, describing events on Armistice Day on the Western Front. Freyberg explains how he decided to raid German forces with his cavalry and [motor-]cyclists for one last time a few hours before peace was declared, and describes how his forces took the village of Lessines [Belgium], capturing several machine-guns, four German officers and 102 soldiers of other ranks, at 10.58 a.m. Freyberg then asks WSC for his advice on what to do with his life after peace is signed, and once he had led his brigade into Germany: he particularly asks about the merits of Russia, Mesopotamia [later Iraq] and East Africa. Manuscript in pencil, with annotation noting that WSC acknowledged the letter, thanking Freyberg and saying that he hoped to see him soon. 19 Nov 1918
25 CHAR 2/64/30 Letter from WSC (Admiralty) to Charles a Court Repington on: arrangements for providing information about the war to the press; the fall of Antwerp [Belgium]; the prospect of a hard struggle on the Western Front. Copy in WSC's hand. 15 Oct 1914
25 CHAR 2/68/52-59 Memorandum by WSC (General Headquarters, British Army in the Field) on various offensive tactics that could be used on the western front. Typescript copy. 03 Dec 1915
25 CHAR 2/68/60-62 Comments on WSC's memorandum on various offensive tactics that could be used on the western front [see CHAR 2/68/52-59]. Typescript copy. Dec [1915]
25 CHAR 2/68/63-65 Comments by 10th Lord Cavan on WSC's memorandum on various offensive tactics that could be used on the western front [see CHAR 2/68/52-59]. Typescript copy. Dec [1915]
25 CHAR 2/71/1-3 Letter from WSC (6th Royal Scots Fusiliers in the field) to David Lloyd George on Lloyd George's political position and the discouraging war situation from the British point of view. Asserts that the position would have been much better if either Lloyd George or WSC had had their way about Salonika [Greece] or the Dardanelles early in 1915, and wonders whether there is to be a costly campaign in the Balkans. Typescript copy. Manuscript drafts at CHAR 2/71/4-5. 25 Jan 1916
25 CHAR 2/71/96-102 Memorandum by Nicolas Pogolski [of Washington DC, United States] "on the causes of the deadlock in the present trench-warfare and the means to end it." Typescript. Sent with CHAR 2/71/94-95. [Nov] [1916]
25 CHAR 2/71/103 Letter from Charles de Broqueville, Belgian Minister for War, to WSC answering in detail WSC's questions about events in the war in Belgium in October 1914. In French. 15 Nov 1916
25 CHAR 2/71/107-113 Letter published in the Echo Belge from "Commandant X" [Maurice Genard] to "a Citizen of Antwerp" praising the efforts of the Belgian army in October 1914 and explaining why Antwerp was allowed to be bombarded and why part of its garrison was interned in the Netherlands. Typescript translation. Sent with CHAR 2/71/105-106. 10 Oct [1916]
25 CHAR 2/71/116-122 Account in French [by Andrew M Gevers] of the fall of Antwerp [Belgium] and the role of WSC in the attempts to save it. Signed carbon copy without first page at CHAR 2/71/124-129. [Oct] [1916]
25 CHAR 2/71/148-149 Letter from the Comte de Bresson (7 Rue Choron, [Paris, France]) to WSC enclosing and commenting on notes on Greece submitted to the Prime Minister of France [see CHAR 2/71/150-153], stressing the necessity from the Allies' point of view of removing King Constantine, lamenting the functionary spirit which currently characterises the French war effort, calling for vigorous efforts by the Allies in April, and warning that the Germans are building a submarine fleet with a view to cutting off supplies to the Allies in the Spring. Signed typescript. In French. 08 Dec 1916
25 CHAR 2/73/1 Memorandum by WSC for the Committee of Imperial Defence on variants of the offensive (written 3 December 1915), with comments by Major-General 10th Lord Cavan. 10 Jan 1916
25 CHAR 2/73/4 Memorandum for the Cabinet by WSC arguing that recent British offensives on the Western Front have been largely ineffective, with dissenting introduction by "F S" [?Sir F E Smith, later 1st Lord Birkenhead]. 01 Aug 1916
25 CHAR 2/73/6 Summary of the military situation in the various theatres of war for the nine days ending 18th November, with comments by the General Staff. 18 Nov 1916
25 CHAR 2/73/7 Summary of the military situation in the various theatres of war for the nine days ending 30th November, with comments by the General Staff. 30 Nov 1916
25 CHAR 2/74/17-19 Letter from Major-General Charles Callwell to General Sir Ian Hamilton arguing that correspondence and telegrams relating to operations in the Dardanelles after Hamilton's successful landings cannot be published at present because they show the late Lord Kitchener in a bad light. Asserts that it should be made clear in the papers laid before Parliament that Hamilton's initial orders were based on the erroneous assumption that the Turks would not put up much resistance to the forcing of the straits. Callwell remembers telling Lord Kitchener and Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon] that the straits would not be forced unless Bulgaria and Greece joined on the Allied side. Mentions that he has turned down a post in charge of semi-official communiques on the Western Front and mentions the latest Allied offensive there. Typescript copy. 05 Jul 1916
25 CHAR 2/74/50 "Committee of Imperial Defence. The War. Suggestions as to the military position. Memorandum by the Right Hon D[avid] Lloyd George, Chancellor of the Exchequer." Written 1 Jan 1915. Printed 4 Sep 1916. Sent with CHAR 2/74/47-48. 01 Jan 1915 - 04 Sep 1916
25 CHAR 2/74/57 "Appreciation" by WSC arguing that the Anglo-French position on the Western Front is secure and that the Allies have the resources to take Constantinople by the end of March and thus eliminate Turkey as a military factor. Printed copy. Submitted to [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith], [David Lloyd George] and Arthur Balfour [later Lord Balfour] and used by WSC as a brief to argue in the War Council of 26 February. Another copy at CHAR 2/81/16. 25 Feb 1915
25 CHAR 2/74/112 Letter from Lieutenant-Colonel Tom Bridges (Ritz Hotel, Piccadilly, London) to WSC justifying the recent offensives on the Western Front and stating that tanks will have to be made faster before complete confidence can be placed in them. Thinks the idea of body shields contains "the germs of salvation". 19 Dec 1916
25 CHAR 2/81/16 "Appreciation" by WSC arguing that the Anglo-French position on the Western Front is secure and that the Allies have the resources to take Constantinople by the end of March and thus eliminate Turkey as a military factor. Printed copy. Submitted to [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith], [David Lloyd George] and Arthur Balfour [later Lord Balfour] and used by WSC as a brief to argue in the War Council of 26 Feb. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/57. 25 Feb 1915
25 CHAR 2/86/2 Secretary's notes [minutes] of a meeting of a War Council on 28 Jan 1915 on France and Egypt, Nyassaland, East Africa, the "Konigsberg", the Press Bureau, the Zeebrugge [Belgium] Project, co-ordination of effort by the Allies, the Dardanelles, high explosives and the naval campaign. Printed for the Committee of Imperial Defence, July 1916. Sent with CHAR 2/86/1. 28 Jan 1915-Jul 1916
25 CHAR 2/86/3 Secretary's notes [minutes] of a meeting on 28 Jan 1915 of a sub committee of the War Council to consider the despatching of British troops to another theatre should the position on the Western Front be one of stalemate in the spring. Printed for the Committee of Imperial Defence, July 1916. Sent with CHAR 2/86/1. 28 Jan 1915
25 CHAR 2/86/4 Secretary's notes [minutes] of a War Council meeting on 28 Jan 1915 on the general policy of the war, gunboats for the Danube, naval attack on Zeebrugge [Belgium] and the Dardanelles. Printed for the Committee of Imperial Defence, July 1916. Sent with CHAR 2/86/1. 28 Jan 1915 - Jul 1916
25 CHAR 2/88/40 Notes by WSC (10 Downing Street) urging that the pretence be kept up that the Allies intend to renew the grand offensive in France and that the Russians be given 150000 Japanese rifles and ammunition. Typescript copy. 26 Oct 1915
25 CHAR 2/89/2 Memorandum by Sir Maurice Hankey, secretary of the Committee of Imperial Defence, analysing the deadlock on the Western Front and suggesting it can be broken either by technological innovations or by striking at Turkey and German overseas colonies (29 Dec 1914). With note by Hankey (written 2 Sep 1916) that this was prepared for [Herbert Asquith, later Lord Oxford and Asquith] and circulated to Lord Crewe, Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon], Lord Kitchener, Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher], WSC and David Lloyd George. 28 Dec 1914 - 02 Sep 1916
25 CHAR 2/89/12-15 Statement by [WSC] to [the Dardanelles Commission of Inquiry] arguing that far more resources were squandered on the ineffective offensives on the Western Front in 1916 than would have been needed to attain the much more valuable objective of forcing the passage of the Dardanelles. Annotated typescript draft. [1917]
25 CHAR 2/92/21 Letter from Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] (36 Berkeley Square, [London]) to WSC reporting that he has heard that WSC is to go to Scotland with David Lloyd George and is involved in a conference on a British military advance along the Belgian coast in conjunction with a naval action. Asserts that "success depends on smoke and gas from the sea." Typescript copy at CHAR 2/92/22. [1918]
25 CHAR 2/92/36-39 Letter from Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] to WSC on: the danger that WSC might hamper his "Great Resolve" [the plan for an offensive on the Belgian coast] by associating Fisher with it, even though Fisher himself feels very fit for his age; the aircraft, mine-laying facilities, submarines and other vessels required for the attack; the need for an immediate "Big Change" in Admiralty building policy. Typescript copy at CHAR 2/92/40-41. 15 Apr 1917
25 CHAR 2/92/53 Letter from Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] (Ferne, Donhead, Salisbury, [Wiltshire]) to WSC stating that he will be glad to see him "at this tragic moment with the Germans only a few miles from Amiens [France] and so threatening the starvation of London by stopping the Channel traffic". Deplores the fact that the Royal Navy is still to be kept "in cotton wool" and announces his intention of speaking about it in the House of Lords. 1918
25 CHAR 2/103/11 Letter from WSC to Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] on: arrangements for "Oc" [Arthur Asquith] to join the Ministry of Munitions; the situation on the Western Front and the need for large numbers of troops from the United States and Britain; the improvement in the output of munitions. Believes that the allied forces "stood for some days within an ace of destruction." Copy in the hand of Edward Marsh. 06 Apr 1918
25 CHAR 2/103/14-15 Letter from Brigadier-General Hugh Tudor to WSC thanking him for his letter [of praise for his exploits on the Western Front], explaining that the German success has been due to the use of fog shells, which could be countered with the use of fast tanks, and expressing confidence that with American reinforcements he will be able to launch effective counter attacks. 27 Apr 1918
25 CHAR 2/103/24 Letter from Brigadier-General Hugh Tudor asserting that if the German submarine threat can be eliminated ultimate victory is certain, attributing recent German success solely to the use of smoke shell and attacks on weak points in the line, and stressing the need for training of his men, whose morale is high. 16 May [1918]
25 CHAR 2/103/35 Telegram from WSC (Chateau Verchocq, [France]) to [Field-Marshall Sir Douglas Haig, later Lord Haig] congratulating him [on the success of the offensive near Amiens]. Pencil copy. [08] [Aug] [1918]
25 CHAR 2/103/36 Telegram from Field-Marshall Sir Douglas Haig [later Lord Haig] to WSC thanking him for his congratulations [on the success of the offensive near Amiens] and praising his work as Minister of Munitions. Typescript copy at CHAR 2/103/37. Copy in WSC's hand at CHAR 2/103/88. 09 Aug 1918
25 CHAR 2/103/46-48 Letter from [WSC] to Brigadier-General Hugh Tudor describing his car journey near the front line in Belgium, during which he came under fire. Typescript copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/103/49-51. 04 Nov 1918
25 CHAR 2/103/68 Letter from Brigadier-General Hugh Tudor referring to the rashness [of WSC's motor journey along the front line in Belgium] and enclosing the information WSC requested about civilian casualties in Desselghem [see CHAR 2/103/69, CHAR 2/103/70, CHAR 2/103/71 and CHAR 2/103/72]. Tudor reports that he and his Division are marching to the Rhine, and hopes compensation will be extracted from Holland for the supply of concrete to the Germans and that Germany will not fall to Bolshevism. 13 Nov 1918
25 CHAR 2/103/69 Note from a lieutenant of the 9th (Scottish) Division to his commanding officer enclosing statement of civilian casualties in Desselghem [Belgium] on 29 Oct and a map showing the line of the front on that date [see CHAR 2/103/70, CHAR 2/103/71 and CHAR 2/103/72]. Sent with CHAR 2/103/68. 12 Nov 1918
25 CHAR 2/103/70 Note from the British Military Mission in Belgium enclosing statement from the local authority of Desselghem [Belgium] that no civilians were wounded or gassed on 29 Oct [when WSC was in the area] [see CHAR 2/103/71]. Sent with CHAR 2/103/68. 09 Nov 1918
25 CHAR 2/103/71 Statement in French issued by the local authority of Desselghem [Belgium] that no inhabitants of the village were known to have been wounded or gassed on 29 Oct [when WSC was in the area]. Sent with CHAR 2/103/68. 09 Nov 1918
25 CHAR 2/103/72 Map showing the line of the front north of Tournai [Belgium]. Sent with CHAR 2/103/68. 29 Oct 1918
25 CHAR 2/104 Public and political: account of the operations of the 189th infantry brigade on 28-29 Sep. 1918
25 CHAR 2/104/1-11 "Account of the operations of the 189th Infantry Brigade which resulted in the forcing of the Canal de L'escaut." With accompanying map. 1918
25 CHAR 2/110/35-36 Letter from [WSC] to 2nd Lord Esher [earlier Reginald Brett] arguing that the Antwerp expedition had an important effect on where the western front line was established and condemning the "criminal blindness" which prevented the naval and military authorities uniting to make the Dardanelles campaign a success. Argues that the assembly of any sort of army at all to meet Britain's post-war commitments was a notable achievement. Typescript copy. 07 Jun 1920
25 CHAR 2/110/147-149 Preface [?by WSC] to Captain H K A Evans's history of the 4th Hussars discussing the role of the cavalry on the Western Front. Another copy at CHAR 2/110/150-152. Aug 1920
25 CHAR 2/169/71 Letter from [WSC] to Vice-Admiral Paul Guepratte (5 Rue de Neptune, Brest, Finisterre [France]) agreeing with his praise of Vice-Admiral John de Robeck and praising the French naval squadron which fought in the Dardanelles campaign. Carbon typescript copy. 09 Oct 1930
25 CHAR 2/169/86-87 Letter from [WSC] (113 Eaton Square, [London]) to Aileen, Lady Roberts on the attitude of 1st Lord Roberts [earlier Sir Frederick Roberts] to the sending of the British Expeditionary Force to Antwerp [Belgium]. Carbon typescript copy. 19 Mar 1930
25 CHAR 2/169/88 Letter from Aileen, Lady Roberts (Englemere, Ascot, [Berkshire]) to WSC asking if she can use WSC's letter [CHAR 2/169/86-87] to refute the assertion by Basil Liddell Hart that 1st Lord Roberts [earlier Sir Frederick Roberts] strongly advocated the sending of the British Expeditionary Force to Antwerp [Belgium] in August 1914. 21 Mar 1930
25 CHAR 2/169/89-90 Letter from Aileen, Lady Roberts (Englemere Club, Ascot, [Berkshire]) to WSC asking whether he can confirm her belief that, contrary to the assertion by Basil Liddell Hart, 1st Lord Roberts did not strongly advocate the sending of the British Expeditionary Force to Antwerp [Belgium] in August 1914. 15 Mar 1930
25 CHAR 2/236/160-162 Letter from Sir Ian Hamilton (Lennoxlove, Haddington [East Lothian] Scotland) to WSC, on the publication of 1st Lord Haig's memoirs. Hamilton expresses his anxiety about how an argument between himself, Sir John French [later 1st Lord Ypres] and Haig, at a Cabinet meeting in August 1914, over postponing landings on the Western Front, will be represented in the memoirs. 15 Aug 1935
25 CHAR 8/103 Literary: The World Crisis, Vol. 3. 1923
25 CHAR 8/104 Literary: The World Crisis, Vol. 3. 1923
25 CHAR 8/125 Literary: The World Crisis, Volume 1. 1923
25 CHAR 8/126 Literary: The World Crisis, Volume 1. 1923
25 CHAR 8/133 Literary: The World Crisis - Volume 2. 1923
25 CHAR 8/136 Literary: The World Crisis - Volume 2. 1923
25 CHAR 8/162 Literary: The World Crisis Volume 3. 1923
25 CHAR 8/163 Literary: The World Crisis Volume 3. 1923
25 CHAR 8/164 Literary: The World Crisis Volume 3. 1923
25 CHAR 8/165 Literary: The World Crisis, Volume 3. 1926
25 CHAR 8/166 Literary: The World Crisis, Volume 3. 1926
25 CHAR 8/167 Literary: The World Crisis, Volume 3. 1926
25 CHAR 8/168 Literary: The World Crisis, Volume 3. 1926
25 CHAR 8/169 Literary: The World Crisis, Volume 3. 1926
25 CHAR 8/203 Literary: Correspondence concerning WSC's research for Volume 3 of "The World Crisis". 20 Jan 1926 - 31 Oct 1926
25 CHAR 8/204 Literary: Correspondence concerning corrections to and research for Volume 3 of "The World Crisis". Nov 1926 - Dec 1926
25 CHAR 8/208 Literary: Various Correspondence relating to Volume 3 of "The World Crisis". Jan 1917 - Mar 1927
25 CHAR 8/209 Literary: Various correspondence about "The World Crisis". Mar 1927 - May 1927
25 CHAR 8/210 Literary: Correspondence. 02 Jun 1927 - 11 Dec 1927
25 CHAR 8/212 Literary: Corrections to Volume 3 of "The World Crisis". 14 Feb 1927 - 01 Nov 1927
25 CHAR 8/215 Literary. Mar 1927 - Nov 1927
25 CHAR 8/216 Literary: Various correspondence. 04 Jan 1928 - 28 May 1928
25 CHAR 8/280 Literary: Articles. 1930
25 CHAR 8/281 Literary: Articles. 1930
25 CHAR 8/282A-B Literary: Articles. 1930
25 CHAR 8/283 Literary: Articles. 1930
25 CHAR 8/319 Literary: "Thoughts and Adventures.". 1932
25 CHAR 8/499 Literary: Articles 2. Feb 1934 - Aug 1934
25 CHAR 8/500 Literary: Articles: Daily Mail. Feb 1934 - Sep 1934
25 CHAR 8/541 Literary: articles, News of the World 1. Jan 1936 - Feb 1936
25 CHAR 8/548 Literary: "Great Contemporaries": correspondence. 12 Nov 1936 - 13 Dec 1937
25 CHAR 8/574 Literary: articles: Sunday Chronicle. 21 Feb 1937 - 26 Dec 1937
25 CHAR 8/578 Literary: "Great Contemporaries": copy. 04 May 1930 - 22 Jun 1937
25 CHAR 8/580 Literary: "Great Contemporaries": proofs. 22 Jun 1937 - 17 Jul 1937
25 CHAR 8/581 Literary: "Great Contemporaries": proofs. 19 May 1937 - 02 Jul 1937
25 CHAR 8/609 Literary: various articles by WSC. Jan 1938 - Nov 1938
25 CHAR 8/619 Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC. 02 Jan 1938 - 27 Mar 1938
25 CHAR 8/649 Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 3. Dec 1939
25 CHAR 8/651 Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC: 1 ("The World Crisis" series). Oct 1939 - Nov 1939
25 CHAR 8/655 Literary: Picture Post articles. Mar 1939 - Aug 1939
25 CHAR 8/665 Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 1. 07 Jan 1940 - 25 Feb 1940
25 CHAR 8/668 Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 4. 26 May 1940 - 30 Jun 1940
25 CHAR 8/669 Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 5. 07 Jul 1940 - 11 Aug 1940
25 CHAR 8/671 Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 7. 29 Sep 1940 - 10 Nov 1940
25 CHAR 8/674 Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC: 1 ("The World Crisis" series). 07 Jan 1940 - 21 Dec 1940
25 CHAR 8/675 Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC: 2 ("The World Crisis" series). 03 Mar 1940 - 21 Apr 1940
25 CHAR 8/676 Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC: 3 ("The World Crisis" series). 28 Apr 1940 - 08 Jun 1940
25 CHAR 8/689 Literary: various articles by WSC. May 1941 - Dec 1941
25 CHAR 8/690 Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 1. 05 Jan 1941 - 16 Feb 1941
25 CHAR 13/27A/45-49 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal Sir John French [Chief of Imperial General Staff, later 1st Lord Ypres], on a naval bombardment to support the advance of the Army on Ostende, Belgium, suggesting that the Navy attack Zeebrugge, the base of the German submarines, at the same time. Also includes Admiralty memorandum sketching out naval support for the army. [Hand-written drafts, initialled by WSC]. 10 Dec 1914
25 CHAR 13/27A/52-55 Letter from Field Marshal Sir John French [Chief of Imperial General Staff, later 1st Lord Ypres] (Headquarters, British Army) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] asking about the possible use of armoured boats on the canals. [Hand-written, signed by French, and initialled by WSC]. 11 Dec 1914
25 CHAR 13/27A/56 Letter from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, to Field Marshal Sir John French [Chief of Imperial General Staff, later 1st Lord Ypres] on his request for armed craft for service on the canals. [Hand-written copy, signed by WSC]. 13 Dec 1914
25 CHAR 13/27A/60 Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John French [Chief of Imperial General Staff, later 1st Lord Ypres] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], stating that the naval support of the Army's attack on Ostende [Belgium] had been "most useful". French recommends that the same co-operation be given the next day, with note by WSC, confirming that naval co-operation would be continued. [Initialled by WSC]. 15 Dec 1914
25 CHAR 13/27A/61 Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John French [Chief of Imperial General Staff, later 1st Lord Ypres] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], stating that the advance along the Belgian coast from Nieuport was not as fast as hoped, and asking for surprise bombardment by monitor and big gun ships. [Typescript copy]. 26 Dec 1914
25 CHAR 13/27B/39-40 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War] on the need for artillery on the Western Front, suggesting that territorial batteries be sent to India, and regular artillery brought home: "It is an awful pity to leave these splendid batteries keeping order among natives when trained artillery is our bitterest need. I think myself that every regular battery in India except mountain, ought to come home and be replaced by territorials". WSC also comments on rifles and ammunition for the Naval Division and mentions the Divisional Cavalry, asking if it would be possible for the Oxfordshire Yeomanry to be transferred to the Division. [Typescript copy]. 02 Sep 1914
25 CHAR 13/27B/92-93 Letter from Field Marshal Sir John French [Commander-in- Chief, British Expeditionary Force, later 1st Lord Ypres] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on naval aircraft, recommending that they be sent back to Britain for refitting, as attempting to refit in France or Belgium would cause congestion. French states that the Royal Flying Corps would attack Zeppelin sheds as soon as the Zeppelins arrived, and that the help of the Royal Naval Air Service would be very desirable. He adds that the British Expeditionary Force had no need for the naval armoured cars, recommending that they be sent back to Britain, for repair and to be re-armoured. 14 Nov 1914
25 CHAR 13/27B/95 Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, to Field Marshal Sir John French [Commander-in-Chief, British Expeditionary Force, later 1st Lord Ypres] on air attacks on German Zeppelin bases. WSC states that all naval aircraft and armoured cars would be withdrawn to Dunkirk [France], "so as to keep quite clear of the British Army and its communications", but would remain there for the present. [Hand-written copy, unsigned]. 15 Nov 1914
25 CHAR 13/27B/103 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal Sir John French [Commander-in-Chief, British Expeditionary Force, later 1st Lord Ypres], on the military situation on the Western Front, offering to come over to see him to discuss the matter. [Hand-written copy]. 29 Nov 1914
25 CHAR 13/27B/111 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal Sir John French [Commander-in-Chief, British Expeditionary Force, later 1st Lord Ypres] on a naval bombardment to support the advance of the Army on Ostende [Belgium]. WSC suggests that the Navy attack Zeebrugge, the base of the German submarines, at the same time. [Hand-written draft, unsigned]. 10 Dec 1914
25 CHAR 13/27B/112 Letter from Lieutenant-Colonel [George] Tom Bridges [Head of Military Mission with the Belgian Field Army] to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the work of the Naval Division in Belgium. 10 Dec 1914
25 CHAR 13/27B/133 Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Field Marshal Sir John French [Commander-in-Chief, British Expeditionary Force, later 1st Lord Ypres], regretting that the Royal Navy could not provide artillery support on the Belgian coast. WSC explains that small ships were not powerful enough, and it was not justifiable to expose battleships to risk of attack by submarines, except to support a land attack of primary importance. [Hand-written draft, unsigned]. 19 Dec 1914
25 CHAR 13/27B/143-155 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War] on the treatment of naval units serving with the Army in France. WSC argues that they should continue to be subject to the Naval Discipline Act, not given the choice to "become a soldier or be sent home"; he lists the five units concerned: armoured trains, motor omnibuses, aircraft, armoured cars and 15-inch howitzers. [Two draft carbon copies]. 21 Dec 1914
25 CHAR 13/27B/158-160 Letter from Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War, to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the status of naval units serving with the Army in France. Kitchener states that while the War Office would welcome a Naval Brigade or Division, they did not think it necessary to have "irregular" Naval units serving in armoured cars or trains, which could be provided by the War Office. He adds that if these irregular units were only a means for "certain officers and gentlemen without military training to get to the front" than it was important that they should be part of the Army. 23 Dec 1914
25 CHAR 13/27B/162-163 Memorandum by WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the need to secure naval command of the Baltic, in view of the stalemate on the Western Front. [Hand-written draft, initialled by WSC]. 31 Dec [1914]
25 CHAR 13/28/38-39 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] urging him to persuade Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War] to send 100,000 men to Flanders [Belgium] at once. Fisher also comments on the lack of daring shown by General Joseph Joffre [Commander-in-Chief, French Army]. [Hand-written, with typescript copy]. 21 Nov 1914
25 CHAR 13/29/154-155 Minute from Major-General Sir George Aston, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, reporting on the activities of the Naval Division in Belgium and France. [Carbon]. 24 Sep 1914
25 CHAR 13/29/159-162 Letter from Lieutenant-Colonel Alfred Ollivant (Dunkirk [France]) to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, reporting on the activities of the Royal Naval Division in France and Belgium. [Carbon]. 28 Sep 1914
25 CHAR 13/29/166-169 Admiralty statement on the work of the Royal Naval Division in the defence of Antwerp [Belgium]. [Carbon]. 10 Oct 1914
25 CHAR 13/34/2 Map of the Western Front, with forts and defences marked: scale 1:70,000. 1914
25 CHAR 13/34/3 Map of the area surrounding Antwerp [Belgium], showing Allied defences, scale 1:40,000. 1914
25 CHAR 13/36/4 Telegram from Admiralty to Major-General Sir George Aston, [Royal Naval Division] (Dunkirk [France]), reporting large enemy cavalry forces within 60 miles, and urging caution in using British Yeomanry cavalry as they were deficient in equipment. [Carbon]. 20 Sep 1914
25 CHAR 13/36/5 Telegram from Lieutenant-Colonel Alfred Ollivant [General Staff Officer, Admiralty], (Dunkirk [France]) to Admiralty, on the position of the Royal Naval Division. [Carbon]. 20 Sep 1914
25 CHAR 13/36/6 Telegram from Major-General Sir George Aston, [Royal Naval Division] (Dunkirk [France]), to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, reporting his interview with the Governor of Dunkirk [Charles Bidon], on the employment of the Division. [Carbon]. 20 Sep 1914
25 CHAR 13/36/7-8 Telegram from Admiralty to Major-General Sir George Aston, [Royal Naval Division] on the defence of Antwerp [Belgium] and Dunkirk [France]. [Carbon]. 21 Sep 1914
25 CHAR 13/36/9 Telegram from Major-General Sir George Aston [Royal Naval Division] (Dunkirk [France]), to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on a request from French Territorial Forces at Douai for cavalry support. [Carbon]. 24 Sep 1914
25 CHAR 13/36/11-12 Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, to Major-General General Sir George Aston [Royal Naval Division], placing him on the sick list, and ordering him home to London for a rest before resuming his duties, handing over command to Major-General Archibald Paris. Further temporary command changes are detailed. [Carbon]. 29 Sep 1914
25 CHAR 13/36/18 Telegram from the Director of Intelligence [Rear-Admiral Henry Oliver, Admiralty] to Major-General Archibald Paris [General Officer Commanding, Royal Naval Division] (Dunkirk [France]) reporting the statement of the Belgian Minister of War, that the Germans were taking the siege of Antwerp [Belgium] seriously and that it is not intended as a diversion; also stating that German forces had moved towards Mons [France] and that German reserve troops intended to occupy positions on the Meuse [France]. Printed, carbon. 02 Sep 1914
25 CHAR 13/36/21 Telegram from Admiralty to Major-General Archibald Paris [General Officer Commanding, Royal Naval Division] ordering him to bring back his battalion from Lille [France], and concentrate his brigade, and to be ready to move to Antwerp [Belgium] during the morning. The telegram states that the First Lord of the Admiralty [WSC] would arrive at Dunkirk at 0500 hours. [Carbon]. 03 Oct 1914
25 CHAR 13/36/24 Telegram from Major-General Archibald Paris [General Officer Commanding, Royal Naval Division] to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the military situation in Antwerp [Belgium]. [Carbon]. 08 Oct 1914
25 CHAR 13/36/27 Telegram from Admiralty to Major-General Archibald Paris, [General Officer Commanding, Royal Naval Division] on the defence of Antwerp [Belgium]. [Carbon]. 08 Oct 1914
25 CHAR 13/36/55 Telegram from Admiralty to Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleets [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], sending the text of a telegram from Field Marshal Sir John French [Commander- in-Chief, British Expeditionary Force, later 1st Lord Ypres] to the War Office, on the retreat from Mons [France]. [Carbon]. 24 Aug 1914
25 CHAR 13/36/56 Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleets [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], on the Admiralty's desire to defend Dunkirk, Calais and Boulogne [France] as long as possible. [Carbon]. 24 Aug 1914
25 CHAR 13/36/57 Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleets [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], on bad military news from France, asking him to consider the possibility of Germany controlling Calais and the French coasts. [Carbon]. 24 Aug 1914
25 CHAR 13/36/58 Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleets [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], on military news from France, reporting that the general impression was more favourable. [Carbon]. 25 Aug 1914
25 CHAR 13/36/59 Telegram from Admiralty to Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleets [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], on the decision to send the Naval Division to defend Ostend [Belgium]. Initialled by Vice-Admiral Sir [Frederick] Doveton Sturdee [Chief of Staff]. [Carbon]. 26 Aug 1914
25 CHAR 13/36/63 Telegram from the Ministry of Marine, Paris [France] to Admiralty, on the transport of 16,000 Belgian troops from Le Havre to Ostend [Belgium]. Includes replies from Vice-Admiral Sir (Frederick]) Doveton Sturdee [Chief of Staff, Admiralty], Prince Louis of Battenberg [1st Sea Lord, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] and WSC. [Carbon]. 28 Aug 1914
25 CHAR 13/36/78-79 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the Secretary, [Sir (William) Graham Greene], 1st Sea Lord [Prince Louis of Battenberg, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] and Chief of Staff, Admiralty [Vice-Admiral Sir (Frederick) Doveton Sturdee] on the deployment of the Marine Brigade in Ostend [Belgium]. [Carbon]. 25 Aug 1914
25 CHAR 13/36/80 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the Secretary, Admiralty [Sir (William) Graham Greene], with orders for Colonel Sir George Aston, Royal Marine Brigade, ordering him to occupy and fortify Ostend [Belgium], to create a diversion favourable to the Belgians advancing from Antwerp, and to threaten the western flank of the German southward advance; also giving him the temporary rank of Brigadier-General. [Carbon]. 25 Aug 1914
25 CHAR 13/36/81 Report from H W Wilson, correspondent for the Daily Mail, on the situation in Ostend [Belgium], following the removal of the garrison to Antwerp. [Carbon]. 25 Aug 1914
25 CHAR 13/40 Official: Admiralty: Telegrams. 01 Oct 1914 - 01 Nov 1914
25 CHAR 13/40/7 Telegram from Major-General Archibald Paris [General Officer Commanding Royal Naval Division] to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the defence of Antwerp [Belgium], including blocking the River Schelde. [Carbon]. 08 Oct 1914
25 CHAR 13/40/10 Telegram from Admiralty to Major-General Archibald Paris [General Officer Commanding Royal Naval Division], on the defence of Antwerp [Belgium], ordering him to hold his position against artillery attacks. [Carbon]. 08 Oct 1914
25 CHAR 13/40/48 Telegram from Rear-Admiral Horace Hood to Admiralty, on his bombardment of the Belgian coast in support of the Belgian Army. [Carbon]. 21 Oct 1914
25 CHAR 13/40/49 Telegram from [Rear-Admiral Horace Hood] to Admiralty, on his bombardment of the Belgian coast in support of the Belgian Army, asking for a gunboat or scout, with at least 500 rounds of ammunition per gun. [Carbon]. 21 Oct 1914
25 CHAR 13/40/68 Telegram from Calais [France] to Admiralty, reporting that there were 3000 wounded in the town, and that the state of affairs was "deplorable owing to total collapse of organisation"; also stating that 3000 more wounded were expected from the front. [Carbon]. 24 Oct 1914
25 CHAR 13/40/78 Telegram from Rear-Admiral Horace Hood, to Admiralty, reporting on his support of the Army in Belgium. [Carbon]. 27 Oct 1914
25 CHAR 13/41 Official: Admiralty: Telegrams. 23 Jul 1914 - 26 Dec 1914
25 CHAR 13/41/23 Telegram from Sir Francis Bertie [British Ambassador to France], on a meeting between Paul Cambon [French Ambassador to Britain] and the French Minister of War, in which Cambon passed on a message about the importance that the British attached to the transfer of British troops to the extreme left of the Allied line. Bertie also reports on the view of General Joseph Joffre [Chief of French General Staff] on such a move, and Joffre's lack of confidence in British support, particularly from [? Major-General Sir Archibald Murray, Deputy-Chief of the Imperial General Staff]. [Carbon]. 26 Dec 1914
25 CHAR 13/41/29 Telegram from Rear-Admiral Horace Hood to the Duty Captain, Admiralty, on his operations to support the Army in Belgium. [Carbon]. 22 Nov 1914
25 CHAR 13/41/91 Telegram from the Admiralty to the French Ministry of Marine, Bordeaux [France], on plans to maintain aerial command of the area around Dunkirk. [Carbon]. 06 Sep 1914
25 CHAR 13/41/126 Telegram from Admiralty to Major-General Sir George Aston, [Royal Naval Division] (Dunkirk [France]), reporting large enemy cavalry forces within 60 miles, and urging caution in using British Yeomanry cavalry as they were deficient in equipment. [Carbon]. 20 Sep 1914
25 CHAR 13/41/128 Telegram from Lieutenant-Colonel Alfred Ollivant [General Staff Officer, Royal Naval Division] (Dunkirk [France]), to Admiralty, on a planned move on Douai. [Carbon]. 20 Sep 1914
25 CHAR 13/41/129 Telegram from Major-General Sir George Aston, [Royal Naval Division], (Dunkirk [France]), to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, reporting his interview with the Governor of Dunkirk [Charles Bidon], on the employment of the Division at Douai. [Carbon]. 20 Sep 1914
25 CHAR 13/41/130 Telegram from Admiralty to Major-General Sir George Aston, [Royal Naval Division], passing on information from the Belgian Minister of War on German aims to lay floating mines off the Netherlands, German artillery emplacements near Brussels [Belgium], and the state of railway bridges in the area. [Carbon]. 21 Sep 1914
25 CHAR 13/41/131 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir George Aston, [Royal Naval Division], on his forthcoming visit to Dunkirk [France], efforts to improve supplies to the Division, and warning of large enemy forces in northern Belgium. [Carbon]. 21 Sep 1914
25 CHAR 13/41/132 Telegram from Major-General Sir George Aston [Royal Naval Division], (Dunkirk [France]), to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on a request from French Headquarters for Commander Charles Samson [Naval Air Service] with five armoured cars to destroy railway bridges between Cambrai and Valenciennes. [Carbon]. 21 Sep 1914
25 CHAR 13/41/139 Telegram from Major-General Sir George Aston [Royal Naval Division], (Dunkirk [France]) to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on a request from French Territorial Forces at Douai for cavalry support. [Carbon]. 24 Sep 1914
25 CHAR 13/41/145-146 Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, to Major-General General Sir George Aston [Royal Naval Division], placing him on the sick list, and ordering him home to London for a rest before resuming his duties. Aston is ordered to hand over command to Major-General Archibald Paris, and the movements of the division and intelligence and organisational systems are detailed. [Carbon]. 29 Sep 1914
25 CHAR 13/41/148 Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, to the General Officer Commanding, Dunkirk Force [Major- General Archibald Paris, Royal Naval Division], on the military situation in and around Antwerp [Belgium]. [Carbon]. 30 Sep 1914
25 CHAR 13/41/149 Telegram from Major-General Archibald Paris [Royal Naval Division] (Dunkirk [France]), to Admiralty, stating that French forces had withdrawn from Tournai towards Orchies; also warning that the position of the battalion at Lille was unsound, and proposing to withdraw it to Cassel. [Carbon]. 30 Sep 1914
25 CHAR 13/41/155 Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, to Major Eugene Gerrard, [Royal Naval Air Service], ordering him to concentrate his efforts on spotting the fall of shot for British naval guns at Antwerp [Belgium], to help knock out enemy siege artillery. Copied to Commander Charles Samson [Royal Naval Air Service]. [Carbon]. 01 Oct 1914
25 CHAR 13/41/158 Telegram from the Director of Intelligence [Rear-Admiral Henry Oliver], Admiralty, to Major-General Archibald Paris [Royal Naval Division] (Dunkirk [France]), reporting a statement by the Belgian Minister of War, that the Germans were taking the siege of Antwerp [Belgium] seriously, and it was not intended as a diversion. Also reporting on German troop movements. [Carbon]. 02 Oct 1914
25 CHAR 13/41/160 Telegram from Major-General Archibald Paris [Royal Naval Division], to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, stating that the battalion at Lille [France] was fairly secure, and had orders to retire on Cassel if the French were to evacuate Lille, and proposing to keep his main force in Cassel for the present. [Carbon]. 02 Oct 1914
25 CHAR 13/42/25 Telegram from Rear-Admiral Horace Hood to Admiralty, on his naval operations to support the Army in Belgium, including problems with French mines, and his need for HMS Revenge to help knock out the German guns on the coast. [Carbon]. 04 Nov 1914
25 CHAR 13/43/64-65 Letter from Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War, to WSC, [First Lord of the Admiralty], on WSC's plans for east coast defence, and for moving ships to Ostend [Belgium]. Kitchener also comments on the state of his own troops, adding that it might be better to delay destroying [the harbour] at Ostend, as it could be needed for sending reinforcements. Also includes hand-written note by WSC about circulation. 24 Oct 1914
25 CHAR 13/44/32-35 Letter from WSC to Herbert Asquith, Prime Minister [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith], on the need for special mechanical devices (including tanks) for taking trenches. [carbon]. 05 Jan 1915
25 CHAR 13/44/82 Draft telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to the Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet, [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], on bad military news from France, asking Jellicoe to consider the possibility of Germany controlling Calais and the French coasts. [Hand-written copy, initialled by WSC]. 24 Aug 1914
25 CHAR 13/44/84-86 Letter from Rear-Admiral Horace Hood to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], giving his views on the Ostend and Zeebrugge [Belgium] expeditions, particularly on the position at Nieuport, and also on Hood's wish to return to the Dover Patrol. 30 Oct 1914
25 CHAR 13/44/89-96 Letter from Rear-Admiral Horace Hood (Hotel Crusader, Nieuport [Belgium]) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on the naval and military situation in France and Belgium, including: the use of Hood's ships at Nieuport; the placing of German guns along the shore; Hood's mining of the coastal waters; the chances of a Belgian advance; relations between the French and Belgians. 05 Nov 1914
25 CHAR 13/44/113-116 Letter from Commander Charles Samson [Naval Air Service] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], reporting on the occupation of Lille [France] by a British and French force, following the withdrawal of German forces. [Typescript copy]. 06 Sep 1914
25 CHAR 13/44/134-137 Letter from Lieutenant-Colonel Alfred Ollivant [General Staff Officer, Admiralty], to Colonel Macdonagh (War Office), on the formation of a Naval Motor Force at Dunkirk [France], and keeping in communication with the army. Also includes notes on the organisation of the Motor Force. [Carbon]. 29 Sep 1914
25 CHAR 13/45/45 Letter from Frederick Guest to WSC, on the military situation in France, including the halt of the German advance, the new French generals and the disappointing French cavalry. 08 Sep [1914]
25 CHAR 13/45/63-64 Letter from Sir Francis Villiers, [Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Belgium] to WSC, enclosing a letter from Colonel John Seely [later 1st Lord Mottistone] on the behaviour of the sailors and marines in the retreat from Antwerp. 10 Oct 1914
25 CHAR 13/45/68-74 Letter from Francis Grenfell to WSC, asking for help in obtaining an armoured car with a machine gun for his squadron; also giving an account of an action at Neuve Chapelle [France] and of trench warfare generally, particularly the difficulties of keeping in touch with the artillery. 30 Oct 1914
25 CHAR 13/45/75-78 Letter from Francis Grenfell, (Dublin [Ireland]) to WSC, giving an account of fighting at Messines [Belgium], problems with the artillery, the shortage of machine guns, and his being wounded. 09 Nov 1914
25 CHAR 13/45/83-85 Letter from Field Marshal Sir John French [Commander- in-Chief, British Expeditionary Force, later 1st Lord Ypres] to WSC, on meeting with General Joseph Joffre [Commander-in-Chief, French Army] on the military situation in France and Belgium, particularly the possibility that a joint expedition to Ostend might have to be postponed. 15 Jan 1915
25 CHAR 13/46/3-4 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord, on naval support for the army off the Belgian coast and also in the Dardanelles. Includes covering note from WSC, asking for Fisher's remarks, and adding that they never seemed to settle anything. [Hand-written copy, signed by WSC]. 04 Jan 1915
25 CHAR 13/47/25 Letter from Anthony Quilter, Hood Battalion, Royal Naval Division, to Edward Marsh [Private Secretary to WSC] on the state of his brigade, including problems with snipers, and suggesting that the Drake Battalion be added to the Hood, to make a 5 Battalion Brigade, adding that they would have a "really useful lot" in about a month. 08 Feb 1915
25 CHAR 13/47/61 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the Prime Minister [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] on complaints from Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War] about responsibility for Naval units serving with the Army on the Western Front. [Hand-written draft, unsigned]. 17 Feb 1915
25 CHAR 13/47/64 Letter from Herbert Asquith [Prime Minister, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on a complaint from Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], that WSC had offered Field Marshal Sir John French [Commander-in-Chief of the Expeditionary Forces in France, later 1st Lord Ypres] a Brigade of the Naval Division and 2 squadrons of armoured cars for service on the Western Front. Asquith states that Kitchener felt that the Army had no need of these units but that he should have been consulted before the offer was made, and asks WSC to go and see Kitchener to put things right. 17 Feb 1915
25 CHAR 13/47/65-66 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], on his offer to send a brigade of the Naval Division and armoured cars to the Army in France. [Hand-written copy, unsigned]. 18 Feb 1915
25 CHAR 13/47/72 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], on the use of the naval battalions and armoured cars by the Army in France. [Hand-written copy]. 19 Feb 1915
25 CHAR 13/47/94-96 Letter from Colonel Thomas Bridges, British Military Mission with the Belgian Army, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the military situation, including suggesting the use of a dummy Fleet to draw fire, explaining that motor boats and armoured cars had no use in the present siege war, and commending various officers. 22 Feb 1915
25 CHAR 13/48/53-57 Letter from General Sir John French [Commander-in-Chief of the Expeditionary Forces in France, later 1st Lord Ypres], Head-Quarters, British Army to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on naval support for a forthcoming attack. 09 Mar 1915
25 CHAR 13/49/51 Letter from Oliver Locker-Lampson to WSC, on his visit to British Expeditionary Force Headquarters to push the case for armoured cars: Locker-Lampson states that he suggested [?] Robert Boothby should be attached to Headquarters, so that any applications for the cars could go directly through him, and asks WSC to write to Field Marshal Sir John French [Commander- in-Chief of the Expeditionary Forces in France, later 1st Lord Ypres] to support the idea. 23 Mar 1915
25 CHAR 13/51/21-22 Letter from the Duke of Westminster, Dunkirk to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on service with the Naval Brigade in France and Belgium. 18 Apr 1915
25 CHAR 13/54/70 Telegram from Colonel Tom Bridges to WSC, request from General Sir John French [later 1st Lord Ypres] for shallow draught gunboats under Captain Eyre Howard for the British 1st Army in France [initialled by WSC]. 07 Mar 1915
25 CHAR 13/54/71 Minute from J W S Anderson, Admiralty to WSC, First Lord, on the start of weekly despatch service to Malta via Marseilles. 08 Mar 1915
25 CHAR 13/54/72 Telegram from Lord Kitchener, War Office to Gen Sir John French [later 1st Lord Ypres], on arrangements for naval bombardment of Westende, Belgium. 09 Mar 1915
25 CHAR 13/55/142-147 Minute by Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord "On the possibility of using our command of the sea to influence more drastically the military situation on the continent" [carbon, with ms annotations ? by WSC]. Nov 1914
25 CHAR 13/58/20 Minute by WSC, commenting on Admiralty despatches on Antwerp Operations, Oct 1914 [printed]. 29 Sep 1915
25 CHAR 13/58/23 Cabinet Paper - Antwerp Operations - October 1914 [printed Oct 1915]. Oct 1914
25 CHAR 13/64/57 Telegram from Admiralty to Rear-Admiral, Dover, request from Army G.H.Q. for HMS "Venerable" to bombard Westende, Belgium on 10 May [typescript copy]. 09 May 1915
25 CHAR 13/64/59 Telegram from Admiral, Dover Patrol to Admiralty on bombardment of Westende, Belgium by HMS "Venerable". 10 May 1915
25 CHAR 13/64/62 Telegram from Admiral, Dover to Admiralty, reporting on bombardment of Westende, Belgium, by HMS "Venerable". 10 May 1915
25 CHAR 13/64/63 Telegram from Sir Cecil Spring-Rice, British Ambassador, Washington to Admiralty, reporting that the German sources which predicted the sinking of the "Lusitania" were now predicting the sinking of the "Transylvania" [typescript copy]. 10 May 1915
25 CHAR 13/64/64 Telegram from Admiralty, to Vice Admiral, Queenstown, Ireland, reporting that the United States Embassy was disquieted by report that the search for bodies of persons lost in the Lusitania was being slackly managed. Stating that it was very desirable that all possible efforts were made to recover bodies [typescript copy]. 11 May 1915
25 CHAR 15/1 Official: Munitions. 02 Jul 1917 - 20 Sep 1918
25 CHAR 15/2 Official: Munitions. 10 Jul 1917 - Sep 1918
25 CHAR 15/38 Official: Munitions. 10 Aug 1918 - 23 Nov 1918
25 CHAR 15/58 Official: Munitions. 01 Jan 1918 - 30 Apr 1918
25 CHAR 15/85 Official: Munitions. Jun 1917 - Nov 1917
25 CHAR 15/86A-B Official: Munitions. Sep 1917 - 31 May 1918
25 CHAR 15/93 Official: Munitions. 08 Aug 1918
25 CHAR 15/94 Official: Munitions. Oct 1917 - 30 Sep 1918
25 CHAR 15/127 Official: Munitions. 1918
25 CHAR 15/128 Official: Munitions. 1918
25 CHAR 15/131 Official: Munitions. Apr 1917 - Dec 1917
25 CHAR 15/132 Official: Munitions. Jan 1918 - Dec 1918
25 CHAR 15/133 Official: Munitions. Jul 1917 - Dec 1917
25 CHAR 15/134 Official: Munitions. Jan 1918 - Nov 1918
25 CHAR 15/156 Official: Munitions. Sep 1917 - Oct 1917
25 CHAR 15/157A-C Official: Munitions. Oct 1917 - Nov 1917
25 CHAR 15/158 Official: Munitions. Nov 1917 - Dec 1917
25 CHAR 15/162A-B Official: Munitions. Apr 1918 - May 1918
25 CHAR 20/239 Official: Prime Minister: Maps. Sep 1944 - Jan 1945
25 CHAR 21/36 Official: Cabinet: printed papers. Mar 1914 - Aug 1914
25 CHAR 21/37 Official: Cabinet: correspondence and notes on World War I. 17 Feb 1915 - 22 Oct 1915
25 CHAR 21/38 Official: Cabinet: printed papers on World War I. Aug 1914 - May 1915
25 CHAR 21/39 Official: Cabinet: printed papers on World War I. Jun 1916
25 CHAR 21/42 Official: Cabinet: printed papers on World War I. Oct 1915 - Nov 1915
25 CHAR 21/45 Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: miscellaneous papers. Sep 1915 - Nov 1915
25 CHAR 21/47 Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: C I D [Committee of Imperial Defence] "G" series: printed papers on World War I. 1915
25 CHAR 21/48 Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: summary of events connected with World War I. 01 Dec 1914 - 31 Dec 1915
25 CHAR 21/49 Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: summary of events connected with World War I. 01 Jun 1915 - 31 Jul 1915
25 CHAR 21/50 Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: summary of events connected with World War I. 01 Aug 1915 - 30 Sep 1915
25 CHAR 21/51 Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: war appreciations. 28 May 1915 - 13 Nov 1915
25 CHAR 21/61 Official: Cabinet: War Policy Committee: correspondence and papers. Aug 1915 - Oct 1915
25 CHAR 24/7 Official: Committee of Imperial Defence: Military Aspects of the Continental Problem (1911): reprint. 13 Aug 1911 - Sep 1914
25 CHAR 26 Official: War Council 1914-1915
25 CHAR 26/1 Official: War Council. 09 Aug 1914 - 31 Dec 1914
25 CHAR 26/2 Official: War Council. Jan 1915 - May 1915
25 CHAR 26/3 Official: War Council. 01 Jan 1915 - 31 May 1915
25 CHAR 26/4 Official: War Council. 01 Jan 1915 - 14 Mar 1915
25 CHAR 26/5 Official: War Council. 27 Jan 1915 - Nov 1915
25 CHAR 27/2 Official: War Cabinet: various papers. 03 Apr 1917 - 27 Sep 1917
25 CHAR 27/32 Official: War Cabinet: Correspondence. 18 Jan 1918 - 03 Oct 1918
25 CHAR 27/33 Official: War Cabinet: various papers. 03 Jan 1918 - 18 Feb 1918
25 CHAR 27/37 Official: War Cabinet: various papers. 07 May 1918 - 30 May 1918
25 CHAR 27/38 Official: War Cabinet: various papers. 07 Jul 1918 - 25 Jul 1918
25 CHAR 27/39A-B Official: War Cabinet: various papers. 01 Aug 1918 - 03 Dec 1918
25 CHAR 27/53 Official: War Cabinet: Supreme War Council and Allied Conversations. 01 Dec 1917 - 03 Dec 1918
25 CHAR 28/33/10-11 Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (Hotel des Arcades, Dunkerque [France]) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] thanking her for a gift, speculating on the progress of the war and asking her to look after "Goonie" [Lady Gwendeline Churchill, earlier Lady Gwendeline Bertie]. Envelope present. [1914]
25 CHAR 28/33/14 Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (The Nunnery, Thetford [Norfolk]) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he says that he is busy [in the army] preparing to be called to the war if needed and that he hopes to see "G" [Lady Gwendeline Churchill, earlier Lady Gwendeline Bertie]. 26 Aug 1914
25 CHAR 28/33/15 Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] ("G H G") to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he thanks her for accommodating his children; discusses the death of Norman [Leslie] in action; informs her that he has been given a staff job and discusses conditions in the trenches. 20 Nov [1914]
25 CHAR 28/84/15-16 Letter from Vittoria [Duchess of Sermoneta] to Jennie [Lady Randolph Churchill] including: discussion of the outbreak of the First World War; Italian neutrality and hostility towards Austria; feelings of relief at the death of the Kaiser [Wilhelm II] experienced by the Italian nobility; the recall of the Austrian Ambassador in Italy who had refused to receive her family; problems faced by her friends who had to return to Italy after the declaration of war and the departure of [Count Albert] Mensdorff [Pouilly, Austro-Hungarian Ambassador] from London, about which she comments "It must nearly have killed him!". 29 Aug 1914
25 CHAR 28/84/17 Letter from Hugh Warrender (Serge Hill, Kings Langley, Hertfordshire) to Jennie [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he gives her an address for Eleanor Warrender], discusses the likelihood that he will be gazetted to a battalion, describes his billet, and [General] Ian Hamilton's announcement that they will go to the [Western] Front. 17 Sep [1914]
25 CHAR 28/84/18-19 Letter from Hugh Warrender (H M S King George V, c/o G P O London) to Jennie [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he comments on her talent for decorating houses, discusses the positions which Germans have occupied in society, German naval strategy, the position of Italy, and his resentment at George [Cornwallis] West being given a position . Envelope present marked "Passed Ship Censor". 17 Sep 1914

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