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Score Reference Record Date
25 CHAR 1/72/8 Letter from Lieutenant Charles Shakespear, HMS Venus, to WSC, on the Mediterranean Fleet Battle Practice. 03 Jan 1908
25 CHAR 1/72/91-93 Letter from Lieutenant Charles Shakespear, HMS Forth, Submarine Depot, Devonport, to WSC, on collision between HMS Venus and [HMS] Russell, the subsequent court of enquiry and Shakespear's appointment to the Submarine Depot, Devonport "in disgrace" [Shakespear was the Navigating Officer of HMS Venus]. 13 Sep 1908
25 CHAR 1/179/8-9 Letter from CSC to WSC, on her stay with Jacques and Consuelo Balsan at Lou Sueil, Eze, also advising him to stand up to Lord Beatty over the Naval Estimates. 11 Mar 1925
25 CHAR 2/2/11 Letter from Lord Charles Beresford [later Lord Beresford] to WSC, asking him to be in the House of Commons to support his efforts to control waste and extravagance in the armed services. 17 Jun 1902
25 CHAR 2/3/25a Cutting from the Morning Post, report on speech by Sir Michael Hicks-Beach, Lord St Aldwyn to his constituents in Clifton, on the Education Bill, resistance to the payment of Rates, the growth of national expenditure and the reform of the Army and Navy. 30 Sep 1902
25 CHAR 2/4/35-45 Letter from Captain R. Temperley, 3rd Volunteer Btn, Northumberland Fusiliers, enclosing notes on Volunteer reform and its relation to the reduction of Military expenditure, and the co-ordination of naval and military forces. 22 Feb 1903
25 CHAR 2/8/48 Letter from C.J. Balaam to WSC, asking for help in obtaining post as Assistant Paymaster in the Royal Navy. 06 Aug 1903
25 CHAR 2/16/56 Letter from Frederick Willson to WSC, enclosing copy of cutting from the Belfast News-Letter, a letter from the Navy League on problems with the sights and mountings of the armament of major warships. [Feb 1904]
25 CHAR 2/16/94-95 Letter from WSC to Samuel Lamb, on possible points of difference between himself and the Liberals, particularly the Licensing Question, Disestablishment and Disendowment, and the need for reform of the Education Act, giving his opinion that the election would be fought on four main issues, (1) Free Trade, (2) Retrenchment and the reorganisaton of finance on strict Gladstonian principles, (3) Reduction in size and cost of the Army and the Navy, (4) a copmplete re-organisation of the Army system [carbon]. 26 Mar 1904
25 CHAR 2/21/24 Cutting from the Westminster Gazette: policy on the Navy and Territorial Army and Tariff Reform. 29 Jan 1909
25 CHAR 2/22/44 Letter from WSC (105 Mount Street) to [G I Holmes] giving his views on reduction of spending on the Army and Navy and on the importation of Chinese labour into South Africa. Copy in WSC's hand Other copies at CHAR 2/22/47 and CHAR 2/22/53. 07 Feb 1905
25 CHAR 2/22/47 Letter from WSC (105 Mount Street) to G I Holmes (Tower Chambers, London Wall, [London]) giving his views on reduction of spending on the Army and Navy and on the importation of Chinese labour into South Africa. Typescript copy annotated by WSC and Annette Anning Other copies at CHAR 2/22/44 and CHAR 2/22/53. 08 Feb 1905
25 CHAR 2/22/53 Letter from WSC (105 Mount Street) to G I Holmes (Tower Chambers, London Wall, [London]) giving his views on reduction of spending on the Army and Navy and on the importation of Chinese Labour into South Africa. Typescript copy annotated by WSC and Annette Anning Other copies at CHAR 2/22/44 and CHAR 2/22/47. 21 Feb 1905
25 CHAR 2/23/22 Letter from C G Stirling (30 Launceston Place, Palace Gate, [London]) to WSC complaining about the conversion of HMS Renown into a yacht to carry the Prince of Wales to India and asking WSC to table a question about it. Annotated by WSC: "no use till Parlt meets. Then too late.". 09 Aug 1905
25 CHAR 2/30/92-95 Letter from Walter Runciman [later Lord Runciman] (West Denton Hall, Scotswood-on-Tyne, [Northumberland]) to WSC on: disruption by suffragettes of speeches by cabinet ministers; the Tories' split over Tariff Reform; the industrious campaigning of Richard Haldane [later Lord Haldane]; reaction to Haldane's army estimates and 2nd Lord Tweedmouth's naval estimates; the introduction of old age pensions and Labour Party criticism of them; the prospect of the miners' group adhering to the Labour Party and its effect on the position in the party of David Shackleton, James Keir Hardy and James Ramsay Macdonald; Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman's health and the respective claims of Herbert Asquith [later Lord Oxford and Asquith] and Sir Edward Grey later Lord Grey of Fallodon] to be his successor; David Lloyd George's intervention in the railway dispute; Augustine Birrell's loss of control in Ireland. 13 Dec 1907
25 CHAR 2/32/6-7 Naval questions: printed letter [by Admiral Sir John Fisher, later Lord Fisher] on the need for economy in the naval estimates. [1907]
25 CHAR 2/32/8 Printed programme for an inspection of warships and submarines in Portsmouth Harbour [Hampshire]. [Sent with CHAR 2/32/11; duplicate at CHAR 2/32/36]. 29 Apr 1907
25 CHAR 2/32/10 Cutting from the Times: speech by Admiral Sir John Fisher [later Lord Fisher] the Guildhall Banquet on the state of the Navy. Sent with CHAR 2/32/16. 11 Nov 1907
25 CHAR 2/32/13 Letter from Rear-Admiral F S Inglefield (commanding the Fourth Cruiser Squadron, HMS Euryalus, at sea, off Sardinia) to Admiral Sir John Fisher [later Lord Fisher] enclosing a letter from Inglefield to the First Lord of the Admiralty [2nd Lord Tweedmouth] praising the performance of the battleship Dreadnought [see CHAR 2/32/14]. Typescript copy. 20 Dec 1907
25 CHAR 2/32/14-15 Letter from Rear-Admiral F S Inglefield (commanding the Fourth Cruiser Squadron, HMS Euryalus, at sea, off Sardinia) to 2nd Lord Tweedmouth praising the performance of the battleship "Dreadnought". Typescript copy. Sent with CHAR 2/32/13. 20 Dec 1907
25 CHAR 2/32/16 Letter from Admiral Sir John Fisher [later Lord Fisher] (Admiralty) to WSC reporting that Admiral Charles Beresford "is doing his best to raise a mutiny", that he has had dinner with F E Smith [later 1st Lord Birkenhead], [?Sir Edward] Carson [later Lord Carson], Rufus Isaacs [later 1st Lord Reading] and [?John] Simon, "who I lost my heart to completely", that he (Fisher) has been "slayed" by the King [Edward VII] and others for his speech on the Navy at the Guildhall but that David Lloyd George and Sir Joseph Dimsdale have praised it. Refers to the voyage of HMS Venus to Aden and encloses a letter from Admiral Sir Reginald Henderson [see CHAR 2/32/17]. Typescript copy of this letter at CHAR 2/32/33. 09 Jan 1908
25 CHAR 2/32/19 Letter from Admiral Sir John Fisher [later Lord Fisher] (Admiralty) to WSC reporting that he has had to keep clear of WSC and David Lloyd George and referring to his problems at the Admiralty. Hopes Lloyd George will make a declaration in favour of maintaining the Navy's maritime supremacy. Typescript copy of this letter at CHAR 2/32/34. 13 Feb 1908
25 CHAR 2/32/27 Letter from Admiral Sir John Fisher [later Lord Fisher] (Admiralty) to WSC asserting that there is no margin for cuts in the naval estimates. 28 Feb 1909
25 CHAR 2/32/30 Letter from WSC (Board of Trade) to Admiral Sir John Fisher [later Lord Fisher] on Reginald McKenna's suggestion in Cabinet that WSC had been guilty of improper behaviour by discussing naval policy with Fisher. Copy in the hand of Edward Marsh. 04 Mar 1909
25 CHAR 2/32/36 Printed programme for an inspection of warships and submarines in Portsmouth Harbour [Hampshire]. 29 Apr 1907
25 CHAR 2/33/4 Letter from Sir Francis Hopwood [later Lord Southborough] (Colonial Office) on: impending changes in the Cabinet; British Indian subjects in Africa; Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman's health; the unsatisfactory progress Richard Haldane's [later Lord Haldane] scheme of army reform; the army and naval estimates; the illness of the Attorney-General [Sir John Walton]; the petitioning by the government of New South Wales [Australia] to keep Admiral Sir Harry Rawson as Governor; the ending of the crisis in Natal [South Africa]; the trial of Dinizulu in the Supreme Court. 11 Jan 1908
25 CHAR 2/37/52 Letter from 2nd Lord Tweedmouth (HMS Enchantress, Portsmouth, [Hampshire]) to WSC congratulating him on his entry into the Cabinet [as President of the Board of Trade] and wishing him success in the North-West Manchester by- election. Thanks WSC for warning him against "rash and precipitate action" and reports the view of Admiral Sir John Fisher [later Lord Fisher] that Tweedmouth [as First Lord of the Admirality] should be "a naval watchdog in the Cabinet." Complains of his transfer from the Admiralty to "a high placed sinecure" [the Lord Presidency of the Council]. 12 Apr 1908
25 CHAR 2/39/25-27 Letter from Robert Spence Watson, president, and W Evans Darby, secretary, of the Peace Society (47 New Broad Street, London) to Herbert Asquith [later Lord Oxford and Asquith] and other members of the Government (including WSC) calling for an end to increased spending on armaments. Criticises the method of assessing the country's naval strength and asserts that there is a general tendency in other countries to reduce spending. Signed typescript. 11 Feb 1909
25 CHAR 2/39/71 Note of a meeting between [WSC] and Henry Massingham at which, after a discussion of the reporting in the Nation of WSC's forthcoming speech [on the Budget] in Edinburgh [Scotland], WSC gave his view of the position with regard to naval expansion. Typescript. [Jun 1909]
25 CHAR 2/53/62 Letter from Edwin Arrowsmith (1 Carlyle Mansions, Cheyne Walk, London) to [WSC] stating that he is a Conservative but that he supports WSC's determination to maintain Britain's naval supremacy. Reports that his nephew, Professor Douglas Savory of Belfast University [Ulster, Ireland] has encountered strong anti-British feeling on his visits to Germany. 22 Nov 1911
25 CHAR 2/53/65-70 Speech by in the House of Commons by Joseph Compton-Rickett on the need to maintain Britain's naval supremacy against a possible German threat and the "civilising" effects of a French presence in Tunis, Algeria and Morocco. Annotated typescipt. 27 Nov 1911
25 CHAR 2/53/71-75 Cuttings from Canadian newspapers: WSC's explanation of the resignation from the Admiralty of three Sea Lords. Sent with CHAR 2/53/81-82. 29 Nov 1911
25 CHAR 2/53/79 Letter from Arthur Balfour [later Lord Balfour] (Whittingehame, Prestonkirk, [East Lothian, Scotland]) to WSC thanking him for his letter and assuring him that he has never let political differences destroy private friendships. Expresses pleasure at WSC's appointment as First Lord of the Admiralty and refers to the changes brought about by the rapid advances in naval technology, including submarines. 16 Dec 1911
25 CHAR 2/53/81-82 Letter from "Alick" [Alexander Murray, the Master of Elibank, later Lord Murray of Elibank] (12 Downing Street) to WSC enclosing Canadian newspaper cuttings on WSC's speech on the resignation of three Sea Lords [see CHAR 2/53/71-75] and reporting that the speech has also been sent to other parts of the Empire. Offers to publicise WSC's forthcoming speech in Belfast [Ulster, Ireland] in the same manner and asks him to accept James Caird's offer [of a donation towards the work of the Home Rule Council]. Announces that he is going to Algiers. Signed and annotated typescript. 18 Dec 1911
25 CHAR 2/54/92-93 Letter from James Caird (Dundee, [Angus, Scotland]) to WSC thanking him for his assurance that the Government is moving towards a plan granting a limited measure of Home Rule to Ireland and offering to send £10000 towards this cause straightaway. Thinks Britain should build as many warships as are necessary to maintain naval superiority over Germany and notes that if it was true that the appeal to the patriotism of the railway directors during the recent rail strike arose from the perceived imminence of war it would falsify his belief that Germany was more anxious for commerce than for conquest. 14 Dec 1911
25 CHAR 2/55/5-15 Figures, with explanatory notes, on the relationship between national income and defence spending from 1812 to 1910, compiled for Reginald McKenna [First Lord of the Admiralty.] Annotated typescript. 10 Mar 1911-11 Mar 1911
25 CHAR 2/56/4 Letter from WSC (Admiralty) to Sir Ernest Cassel doubting the usefulness of his (WSC) joining the King [George V] on a visit to Germany and regretting the poor relations between Britain and that country resulting from the German naval build-up. Draft in WSC's hand. 07 Jan 1912
25 CHAR 2/56/5-6 Letter from Edwin Montagu (India Office) to WSC congratulating him on his reorganisation of the Admiralty and telling the story of a portrait of Napoleon I hanging in an India Office commitee room. Signed typescript. 08 Jan 1912
25 CHAR 2/56/17 Letter from J L Garvin (Pall Mall Gazette, Newton Street, Holborn, [London]) to WSC suggesting WSC might be the man to lessen party antagonism and therefore expressing regret about certain passages in his speech [?at the Guildhall on naval defence in November 1911]. Thinks the Conservatives may legitimately attack WSC as a supporter of Home Rule but that they will be fair to him as First Lord of the Admiralty. 29 Jan 1912
25 CHAR 2/56/27 Letter from Sir Ernest Cassel (Brook House, Park Lane, [London]) to WSC on the awaited reply to the British offer to the German government of negotiations on the question of naval expenditure. 04 Feb 1912
25 CHAR 2/56/76 Letter from 2nd Lord Esher (The Roman Camp, Callander, [Perthshire, Scotland]) to WSC congratulating him on his speeches [on naval policy]. 26 Mar 1912
25 CHAR 2/56/78 Letter from Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] (Ewelme Down, Wallingford, [Berkshire]) to WSC on their forthcoming discussion of war plans. Hopes WSC will speak on the second reading of the Home Rule Bill. 21 Apr 1912
25 CHAR 2/56/89 Letter from Arthur Balfour [later Lord Balfour] (4 Carlton Gardens, Pall Mall, [London]) to WSC returning his memorandum [on the naval situation at home and in the Mediterranean] and expressing anxiety that Britain and France may be left without eachother's assistance in the first fortnight of a war. Annotated by WSC with the names of the Prime Minister and Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon]. 20 Jun 1912
25 CHAR 2/57/1 Letter from Lord Nicholson [earlier Sir William Nicholson] (The Mythe, Simla, [India]) to WSC thanking him for his congratulations [on his ennoblement] and describing his work as chairman of the Commission on Indian Army Expenditure. Thinks WSC will need to revise the existing naval arrangements in the Mediterranean. 03 Jul 1912
25 CHAR 2/57/7 Letter from Francis Grenfell (Esplanade Hotel, Berlin, [Germany]) to WSC congratulating him on his speech on the navy estimates and the German Navy Law and describing reaction to it in Germany. Encloses a copy of the Berliner Zeitung reporting the speech [see CHAR 2/57/8] and reports on the keenness in Germany for war with France. 27 Jul [1912]
25 CHAR 2/57/8 Edition of the Berliner Zeitung [Germany] reporting WSC's speech on the navy estimates and the German Navy Law. Sent with CHAR 2/57/7. 23 Jul 1912
25 CHAR 2/57/54 Letter from Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon] (Foreign Office) to WSC referring to a form of words [concerning Anglo-French naval co-operation] suggested by Pierre-Paul Cambon [French Ambassador in London] for exchange between the two governments. 10 Oct 1912
25 CHAR 2/57/83-84 Letter from Henry Massingham (The Nation, 14 Henrietta Street, Covent Garden, London) to WSC explaining why he criticised WSC's speech in Glasgow [Scotland] on naval defence and why he wishes WSC held a government post other than First Lord of the Admiralty. [Feb 1912]
25 CHAR 2/57/88 Note by ? [Hotel Ritz, Paseo del Prado, Madrid, [Spain] expressing the wish to meet WSC and perhaps other leading men in Kiel [Germany] and referring to Grand-Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz's desire to reach a workable compromise with Britain over the naval question. [1912]
25 CHAR 2/58/4 Cutting from the People: cartoon and article ridiculing WSC's proposal for regional parliaments in England; report of WSC's re-organisation of the Admiralty and his changes to Navy discipline. 15 Sep 1912
25 CHAR 2/61/3-6 Letter from J L Garvin (9 Greville Place, [London]) to WSC on: the need for Britain to maintain its naval strength; the support of most Unionists of Andrew Bonar Law's position on Home Rule for Ireland; the vital importance of recognising that Ulster can never be dealt with by force. 24 Sep 1912
25 CHAR 2/62/15-16 Letter from WSC to ? thanking him for articles [on Land Reform] and referring to his preparations for his speech on the Naval Estimates on 26 March Typescript copy. 17 Mar 1913
25 CHAR 2/62/91 Letter from WSC to Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon] referring to [a draft of a speech by him on naval policy], with reply by Grey on the possible German reaction. 15 Oct [1913]
25 CHAR 2/62/93 Letter from Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon] (Foreign Office) to WSC on the reaction in Britain, Germany and France to WSC to WSC's speech on naval expenditure. 21 Oct 1913
25 CHAR 2/62/98 Letter from Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon] (Foreign Office) to WSC asserting that now that peace has been concluded between Greece and Turkey there is no reason why the British and French naval squadrons should not meet at Piraeus [Greece]. 18 Nov 1913
25 CHAR 2/62/117-118 Letter from Cornelia, Lady Wimborne (Templeton House, Priory Lane, Roehampton, [London]) to WSC accusing him of betraying the traditions of Liberalism with his high naval expenditure. 18 Dec 1913
25 CHAR 2/63/2 Letter from Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] (Alderley Park, Chelford, Cheshire) to WSC suggesting a conciliatory approach to the critics of his naval estimates. 01 Feb 1914
25 CHAR 2/63/21 Letter from Sir Douglas French [later Lord French and Lord Ypres (War Office) expressing regret that he will no longer be working with WSC "in that happy union of the Army and Navy which you have done so much to bring about.". 01 Apr 1914
25 CHAR 2/64/40 Letter from Walter Long [later Lord Long] (Rood Ashton, Trowbrige, [Wiltshire]) to WSC on the naval action off Coronel [Chile] and the German bombardment of Scarborough [Yorkshire] and Hartlepool [County Durham]. 20 Dec 1914
25 CHAR 2/64/49 Page from the Public Ledger (Philadelphia, [United States]) including article and photograph on the sinking of HMS "Audacious". 15 Nov 1914
25 CHAR 2/65/4 Letter from Lord Haldane [earlier Richard Haldane] (28 Queen Anne's Gate, Westminster, [London]) to WSC congratulating him [on the result of the naval battle off Dogger Bank in which the German battleship "Blucher" was sunk]. 24 Jan 1915
25 CHAR 2/66 Public and Political: general: correspondence concerning the end of WSC's first term as First Lord of the Admiralty. May 1915 - Jun 1915
25 CHAR 2/66/1 Letter from Josiah Wedgwood (R N Hospital, Malta) to WSC expressing indignation that WSC has been forced to resign as First Lord of the Admiralty. 19 May 1915
25 CHAR 2/66/4 Extract by Captain Alexander Davidson (HMS Cornwallis) from report by Rear-Admiral Rosslyn Wemyss [later Lord Wester Wemyss], praising the conduct of Naval personnel landing troops in theDardanelles. Signed typescript. Sent with CHAR 2/66/33-35. 21 May 1915
25 CHAR 2/66/23-27 Letter from General Sir Ian Hamilton (General Headquarters, Mediterranean Expeditionary Force) to WSC condemning the treachery which led to WSC's resignation as First Lord of the Admiralty, describing the operations of the Expeditionary Force and criticising and praising various groups of its troops, referring to the sinking of HMS Triumph and describing the threat posed by submarines to his supply transports and asserting that the ships could be made invunerable to such attacks by means of nets hanging down from barges, praising the work of "Jack" [John Churchill] and reporting that most officers in the Navy are sorry that WSC is resigning as First Lord of the Admiralty. Signed and annotated typescript. 26 May 1915
25 CHAR 2/66/33-35 Letter from Captain Alexander Davidson (HMS Cornwallis, Eastern Mediterranean Squadron) to WSC praising the naval operations in the Dardanelles initiated by him and his energetic management of the Navy in general. Describes his (Davidson's) role in the landing of the South Wales Borderers at Gallipoli, and sends extract of a report by Rear-Admiral Rosslyn Wemyss [later Lord Wester Wemyss][see CHAR 2/66/4]. 23 Jun 1915
25 CHAR 2/66/64 Letter from Rear-Admiral Arthur Limpus (HM Dockyard, Malta) to WSC commending the article in the Observer of 30 May on "phases of the sea campaign" [praising WSC] and advising him to give up flying because "the Air service no longer needs the impulse you gave it.". 07 Jun 1915
25 CHAR 2/67 Public and Political: general: correspondence and papers. Jun 1915 - Oct 1915
25 CHAR 2/67/5 Letter from J L Garvin (Shootlands, Wotton, Dorking, [Surrey]) to WSC expressing confidence that WSC's forthcoming speech [at Dundee on the war situation] will be powerful and explaining that it is still uncertain whether he (Garvin) will continue as editor of the Observer. Describes his correspondence with Waldorf Astor [later 2nd Lord Astor of Hever Castle] on this matter and how he has written to Nancy Astor [later Lady Astor] asking her to take the judgement of Arthur Balfour [later Lord Balfour] judgement on naval policy. Notes that the Unionists support David Lloyd George. 03 Jun 1915
25 CHAR 2/67/52 Newspaper cuttings on the claim that Prince Louis of Battenberg [later 1st Lord Milford Haven], rather than WSC, gave the order for the Fleet to stand fast on 26 July 1914. Sent with CHAR 2/67/54. Originally with a tag marked "A". 09 Aug 1915
25 CHAR 2/67/54 Letter from Charles Potts, honorary secretary of the Ewesley Road Wesleyan Church Men's Hour (23 Sydenham Terrace, Sunderland) enclosing and commenting on newspaper cuttings on the claim that Prince Louis of Battenberg, [later 1st Lord Milford Haven] rather than WSC, gave the order to the Fleet to stand fast in July 1914 [see CHAR 2/67/52]. 09 Aug 1915
25 CHAR 2/67/55 Statement by S H Phillips that, as Resident Clerk at the Admiralty, he connected WSC by telephone to the First Sea Lord [Prince Louis of Battenberg, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] before the latter instructed him (Phillips) to send a telegram ordering the Fleet to stand fast at Portland [Dorset]. Sent with the final version of CHAR 2/67/56. A typescript carbon copy at CHAR 2/67/53, a top copy at CHAR 2/67/95. 10 Aug 1915
25 CHAR 2/67/56 Letter from WSC (Duchy of Lancaster Office) to Prince Louis of Battenberg [later 1st Lord Milford Haven] enclosing a letter he intends to send to the press in response to the claims that it was Battenberg, rather than WSC, who issued the order to the Fleet to stand fast in July 1914 [see CHAR 2/67/57-58 et al], and a statement by the resident clerk on duty at the time [see CHAR 2/67/55]. Copy in the hand of Edward Marsh. 12 Aug 1915
25 CHAR 2/67/57-58 Letter from [Edward Marsh] to [newspaper editors] responding on WSC's behalf to the claim that Prince Louis of Battenberg, [later 1st Lord Milford Haven] rather than WSC, issued the order to the Fleet to stand fast on 26 July 1914 and detailing the measures taken by the Board of Admiralty at WSC's insistence to ensure that Britain's naval defence was ready when war broke out. Draft in WSC's hand. Other drafts at CHAR 2/67/59-61, 78-80, 93- 94, 96-103. [Aug] [1915]
25 CHAR 2/67/66-67 Letter from Prince Louis of Battenberg [later 1st Lord Milford Haven](East Cowes, [Isle of Wight]) to WSC concurring in the letter which WSC proposes to send to the press concerning the claim that Battenberg rather than WSC issued the order to the Fleet to stand fast on 26 July 1914 [see CHAR 2/67/59-61 et al] except on one point where it does not correspond to his own recollections. Typescript copies at CHAR 2/67/62-65, 83-86, 87-90. 13 Aug 1915
25 CHAR 2/67/68 Telegram from Prince Louis of Battenberg [later 1st Lord Milford Haven](East Cowes, [Isle of Wight]) to WSC concurring in the amendment and addition to the letter which WSC proposes to send to the press concerning the claim that Battenberg rather than WSC issued the order to the Fleet to stand fast on 26 July 1914 [see CHAR 2/67/59-61 et al]. Originally with a tag marked "D". 16 Aug 1915
25 CHAR 2/67/69-71 Letter from WSC (Duchy of Lancaster Office) to Prince Louis of Battenberg [later 1st Lord Milford Haven] suggesting that Battenberg rather than WSC send the letter to the press which WSC has drafted in response to claims that Battenberg rather than WSC issued the order to the Fleet to stand fast on 26 July 1914. Originally with a tag marked "E". 18 Aug 1915
25 CHAR 2/67/74 Letter from Prince Louis of Battenberg [later 1st Lord Milford Haven] (Kent House, East Cowes, Isle of Wight) to WSC explaining why he is reluctant to put his name to a letter to the press [drafted by WSC] responding to claims that he rather than WSC issued the order to the Fleet to stand fast in July 1914, and enclosing as an alternative a letter on the matter from him to WSC for publication [see CHAR 2/67/77]. Typescript copies at CHAR 2/67/72-73, 81-82, 91-92. 19 Aug 1915
25 CHAR 2/67/77 Letter (intended for publication) from Prince Louis of Battenberg [later 1st Lord Milford Haven] (Kent House, East Cowes, Isle of Wight) to WSC responding to claims in the press that Battenberg rather than WSC issued the order for the Fleet to stand fast on 26 July 1914 with an account of events showing that he and WSC were working in harmony. Sent with CHAR 2/67/74. A typescript copy at CHAR 2/67/75-76. 19 Aug 1915
25 CHAR 2/68/41-45 Memorandum by Josiah Wedgwood defending WSC against criticisms of his policies as First Lord of the Admiralty, including the Antwerp expedition, the battle of Coronel [Chile] and the Dardanelles campaign. 10 Aug 1915
25 CHAR 2/69/36 Cutting from the Times reporting German statements about the German war economy, the dismissal of Sir John French [later Lord French and Lord Ypres], British naval construction, negotiations on the economic relations between Germany and Austria-Hungary, and German casualty figures. 20 Dec 1915
25 CHAR 2/70/1 Navy and army services, warlike operations and other expenditure arising out of the war . . . Supplementary vote of credit. Printed. Two copies. 19 Jul 1915
25 CHAR 2/70/8 Return to a House of Commons order for copies of Treasury minutes relating to War Department expenditure and Admiralty and War Department contracts for munitions of war. 28 Jul 1915
25 CHAR 2/71/21-22 Letter from WSC (House of Commons) to Sir Frederick Cawley [later Lord Cawley] stating that he has decided to apply to be relieved of his army command in order to resume parliamentary duties, and listing eight points relating to the naval ship-building programme, the composition of the Board of Admiralty and the management of the Naval Air Service which he thinks that the Liberal War Committee should take note of. Typescript copy. Other copies at CHAR 2/71/23-24, 28-29. Manuscript drafts at CHAR 2/71/17-20. 11 Mar 1916
25 CHAR 2/71/52-54 Press statement by WSC giving an optimistic assessment of the result of the Battle of Jutland. Annotated typescript. 03 Jun 1916
25 CHAR 2/71/61-62 Letter from Lord Haldane [earlier Richard Haldane] (28 Queen Anne's Gate, Westminster, [London]) to WSC praising his articles [in the Sunday Pictorial] on the events leading up to the war and describing how the Kaiser [Wilhelm II] went over to the war party in Germany and how he (Haldane) had agreed with the objections of the General Staff to the raising of a Continental Army. Praises WSC's work in preparing the Navy and says he will embody the story of it in his "secret memoirs founded on the papers.". 15 Jul 1916
25 CHAR 2/72/28-29 Letter from Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] (36 Berkeley Square, [London]) to Admiral Sir John Jellicoe [later Lord Jellicoe] noting that Jellicoe agrees with him that Britain should not keep a fleet in the Mediterranean to do the job of the French and Italian fleets, complaining that the French fleet has been virtually rebuilt in Malta dockyard, attacking the passive war policy of Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] and Arthur Balfour [later Lord Balfour], noting the good performance of the Russian mines after the "mess" made of mining by Admiral Charlton, criticising the vote of credit to Britain's allies, recalling a meeting with Queen Alexandra, and referring to the good landing sites for the British army in Schleswig-Holstein [Denmark]. Typescript copy. 25 May 1916
25 CHAR 2/72/30-31 Letter from Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] (36 Berkeley Square, [London]) to Admiral Sir John Jellicoe [later Lord Jellicoe] on: a request from Sir Maurice de Bunsen that Fisher put his name to a press interview praising the military conduct of the war [see CHAR 2/72/33-34]; the loss of valuable plant from the United States resulting from the sinking of the White Star vessel Cymric, which should have travelled in convoy; the stationing of British destroyers in the Mediterranean; the lending by Britain of mercantile shipping to Italy even though the latter has not declared war on Germany; the increasing prosperity of the poor and the high taxation of the rich; the "fleecing" of Britain by her allies; the waste of British manpower in non-combatant jobs. Typescript copy. 30 May 1916
25 CHAR 2/72/38-39 Letter from Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] (36 Berkeley Square, [London]) to WSC on the failure of British submarines and mine layers to bar the German fleet's way home and on the need for WSC to quote in full [to the Dardanelles Commission of Enquiry] a letter to him from Fisher. 21 Aug 1916
25 CHAR 2/73/9 Supplementary vote of credit of 120 million pounds for the year 1915-16 for navy and army services, warlike operations and other expenditure arising out of the war. 17 Feb 1916
25 CHAR 2/73/10 Supplementary vote of credit of 300 million pounds for the year 1916-17 for navy and army services, warlike operations and other expenditure arising out of the war. 17 Feb 1916
25 CHAR 2/74/2 Telegram from General Sir Ian Hamilton to Vice Admiral John de Robeck encouraging him to persevere in his naval attack on the Dardanelles. Typescript copy. Sent with CHAR 2/74/33. [30 Mar 1915]
25 CHAR 2/74/3 Letter from WSC (41 Cromwell Road) to [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] suggesting he (WSC) see Maurice Hankey to agree on what should be published on the Dardanelles and Gallipoli operations. WSC has no personal objection to the publication of the War Council minutes and wishes to see each of its decisions concerning the Dardanelles shortly stated. Regrets the result of [the Battle of Jutland] and attributes it to the failure to execute punctually the destroyer and battlecruiser construction programme. Draft in WSC's hand. 02 Jun 1916
25 CHAR 2/74/8 Letter from WSC (41 Cromwell Road) to [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] on the War Council minutes showing the strong support given by Asquith, Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon] Lord Kitchener and Arthur Balfour [later Lord Balfour] for WSC' s Admiralty plans for the Dardanelles Expedition, and WSC's disclaimer of responsibility "if a military disaster occurred through adequate troops not being sent in time to deal with the situation that might arise during the naval operations, or as their consequence." Draft in WSC's hand. 22 Jun 1916
25 CHAR 2/74/33 Letter from General Sir Ian Hamilton (Deanston House, Perthshire, [Scotland]) to WSC enclosing a copy of a telegram from him to Rear Admiral John de Robeck [see CHAR 2/74/2] to show that he did not influence de Robeck in his abandonment of purely naval attacks at the Dardanelles. Signed typescript. 23 Aug 1916
25 CHAR 2/74/42-44 Minute by WSC on the plan for concentrating naval forces in the Mediterranean ("Pola") with a view to forcing the Dardanelles. Typescript copy. 15 Jan 1915
25 CHAR 2/74/45-46 Minute by WSC on the naval arrangements for the forcing of the Dardanelles and the seizure of Alexandretta. Typescript copy. 20 Jan 1915
25 CHAR 2/74/51 Draft of an Admiralty note by WSC to the French government on the respective roles of British and French naval forces in the forthcoming attack on the Dardanelles forts and the seizure of Alexandretta (16 January). With related notes from James Masterton Smith to Lord Kitchener (16 January), and between WSC and Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon] (16 January). Grey believes the operation should be justified to Russia as a diversion to prevent Turkish pressure in the Caucasus. Annotated printed copy. 16 Jan 1915 - 18 Jan 1915
25 CHAR 2/74/52 Letter from WSC (Admiralty) to Lord Kitchener arguing that only those battleships needed for the initial stage of the Dardanelles bombardment should be used at the outset and that the seizure of Alexandretta should be attempted at the same time as the bombardment so that it can be represented as the main operation if the attack on the Dardanelles is checked. Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/81/9,. 20 Jan 1915
25 CHAR 2/74/54 Memorandum by WSC to Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon] and Lord Kitchener on the terms of naval co-operation with France in the eastern Mediterranean. With note by Grey that French should be allowed to have what they want in this sphere, even a share in the occupation of Alexandretta. Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/81/11. 26 Jan 1915
25 CHAR 2/74/55 Memorandum by the Chief of the Admiralty War Staff [Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver] on plans for the bombardment of the Dardanelles forts (2 February). Sent with covering note by WSC to [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith], Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon], Lord Kitchener and Arthur Balfour [later Lord Balfour]. With note by Grey that the forcing of the straits will discourage the planned Austro-German offensive against Serbia (2 February), and note of agreement by Lord Kitchener (3 February). Printed. Another copy at CHAR 2/81/12. 02 Feb 1915 - 03 Feb 1915
25 CHAR 2/74/56 Letter in French from Victor Augagneur [French Minister of Marine] (Paris) to [WSC] indicating agreement with British proposals for Anglo-French naval co-operation in the eastern Mediterranean with reference to the attacks on the Dardanelles and Alexandretta (31 Jan). With notes that Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon] and Lord Kitchener have seen the letter and that WSC thinks it is satisfactory (3 February). Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/81/13. 31 Jan 1915 - 03 Feb 1915
25 CHAR 2/74/58 Note by the Admiralty Transport Department on the move of the 29th Division and the 2nd Mounted Division from Avonmouth to the Mediterranean. Printed. Other copies at CHAR 2/81/15 and CHAR 2/88/22. 1915
25 CHAR 2/74/59 Letter from WSC to Lord Kitchener on the preparation of transports to the Dardanelles for the 29th Division and the need for the French Division to come to Lemnos in view of the absence of British regulars. Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/81/17. 27 Feb 1915
25 CHAR 2/74/60 Letter from WSC to Lord Kitchener suggesting that 20 March be fixed on as the date for the landing of troops after the initial naval operations at the Dardanelles and approving the appointment of General Sir Ian Hamilton to the command of the military operations. Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/81/18. 04 Mar 1915
25 CHAR 2/74/61 Memorandum by WSC that Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden will be in charge of the Dardanelles operations until troops land and that French and Russian troops will be under the overall command of General Sir Ian Hamilton. With note from Commodore Charles de Bartolome to the First Sea Lord [Lord Fisher, earlier Sir John Fisher] explaining that the memorandum is the result of a discussion between WSC and Lord Kitchener and asking for Fisher's concurrence, which he gives. Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/81/20. 13 Mar 1915
25 CHAR 2/74/63 Letter in French from Victor Augagneur, French Minister of Marine, to WSC agreeing with the plans for the Dardanelles operations set out in a recent memorandum from WSC and giving details of the relevant French naval dispositions. With notes that the letter was seen by [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith], Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon] and Lord Kitchener, and that it is satisfactory to WSC. Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/81/14. 09 Feb 1915
25 CHAR 2/74/64 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Wilson (Admiralty) to Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] stating that he is not prepared to become First Sea Lord under any First Lord of the Admiralty other than WSC. Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/81/23. 19 May 1915
25 CHAR 2/74/65-72 Letter from Sir William Graham Green (Admiralty) to WSC commenting on the passages about Admiralty administration in a memorandum from WSC to the Dardanelles Commission of Inquiry. Signed typescript. 11 Sep 1916
25 CHAR 2/74/79 Letter from J L Garvin (9 Greville Place, [London]) to WSC on the amendments made by [Lord Fisher, earlier Sir John Fisher] to the evidence he proposes to present to the Dardanelles Commission of Inquiry and Fisher's continued belief that it is still possible to carry out a naval action in the Baltic and an attack on the Dardanelles as outlined by Fisher in his letter to WSC of 3 January 1915. 21 Sep 1916
25 CHAR 2/74/80-85 "Lord Fisher's narrative of his connection with the Dardanelles Operations." [Lord Fisher, earlier Sir John Fisher]. Typescript. [Sep] [1916]
25 CHAR 2/74/86-87 Letter from Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] to Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] describing certain incidents not recorded in writing which should feature in the published papers about the Dardanelles and Gallipoli operations, mentioning documents which should be included and suggesting that only a precis of his memorandum on general naval policy of January 1915 should be published. Typescript copy. 02 Jun 1916
25 CHAR 2/74/91 Letter from WSC (41 Cromwell Road) to Lord Cromer asking for his evidence to the Dardanelles Commission of Inquiry to be amended to make it clear that he favoured the military attack after the naval operation was abandoned and that the matter was discussed in Cabinet. Copy in WSC' s hand. 05 Oct 1916
25 CHAR 2/74/95-97 Letter from [WSC] (41 Cromwell Road) to Edward Grimwood Mears giving the reasons why he wishes to examine certain witnesses before the Dardanelles Commission of Inquiry and asserting that he has enough evidence to prove: that at no time during the operation was the margin of safety of the Grand Fleet compromised; that the Admiralty had sufficient ammunition reserves; that the battleships "Majestic" and "Canopus" could be spared for bombardment duties. Typescript copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/81/3-5. 19 Oct 1916
25 CHAR 2/74/103-107 Letter from [WSC] (41 Cromwell Road) to Edward Grimwood Mears denying Sir George Arthur's assertion that Lord Kitchener was opposed to the naval attack on the Dardanelles and complaining that the propagation of this idea by members of Kitchener's entourage has led to unjust attacks in the press on WSC. Annotated typescript copy. 29 Nov 1916
25 CHAR 2/74/109-110 Statement to the Dardanelles Commission of Inquiry by Sir George Arthur that Lord Kitchener had protested against a naval attack on the Dardanelles unsupported by the army and that WSC had replied that the power of the guns of the "Queen Elizabeth" made a purely naval attack a practical proposition. Typescript copy. [25] [Nov] [1916]
25 CHAR 2/74/111 Statement by [Lord Kitchener] to the War Council that he had doubted whether a purely naval attack on the Dardanelles would succeed but was led to believe it was possible by WSC's statements about the power of the 'Queen Elizabeth' and the Admiralty staff paper showing how the operations were to be conducted. He did not believe that once the army was in Gallipoli the 'Queen Elizabeth' would be withdrawn and he believes that this withdrawal will have serious consequences. Typescript copy. 14 May 1915
25 CHAR 2/74/113 "Remarks by Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Wilson on the paper and evidence of Major-General [Thomas] Hickman". Argues against Hickman's assertion that high-angle fire rather than the use of low trajectory high velocity guns would be most suitable for the bombardment of the Dardanelles forts. Printed. 23 Oct 1916
25 CHAR 2/74/116 Letter from WSC to Lord Kitchener urging him to have a military force near at hand should the naval attack on the Dardanelles succeed, either to seize the Gallipoli peninsula or to occupy Constantinople if a revolution takes place (18 Feb). Letter from WSC to Lord Kitchener sending him a copy of his minute about transport for the Mediterranean and asking him to organise a force in Egypt of 8000 or 10000 men to be despatched quickly to the Dardanelles in an emergency (20 Feb). Printed copies. 18 Feb 1915 - 20 Feb 1915
25 CHAR 2/74/118 Minute by WSC stating that the Dardanelles operations could easily develop into a great siege and calling for the following measures: the provision of siege artillery and well-equipped semi-permanent landing stages; protection against submarines; the fitting of the bombarding fleet with mine protection; the provision of seventy aircraft. Printed copy. 14 May 1915
25 CHAR 2/74/120 Letter from WSC to Arthur Balfour [later Lord Balfour] on the measures needed to protect the Dardanelles fleet from submarine attack. Printed copy. 26 May 1915
25 CHAR 2/74/121 "A note by the Admiralty Transport Department. Move of the 52nd (Lowland) Division." Includes copies of documents from May 1915. Printed. May 1915
25 CHAR 2/74/126 "Note on the transport question. Circulated to the Dardanelles Committee by the First Lord of the Admiralty [Arthur Balfour], June 18, 1915. Printed copy. 18 Jun 1915
25 CHAR 2/74/132 Letter from WSC (72 Brook Street) to Arthur Balfour [later Lord Balfour] asking him to have produced a report on weather conditions in the Dardanelles in October, November and December and to see Commodore Roger Backhouse about the naval guns which have not yet been landed. Expresses anxiety that the sanitary conditions should be adequate for the winter campaign. Printed copy. 05 Sep 1915
25 CHAR 2/81/3-5 Letter from WSC (41 Cromwell Road) to Edward Grimwood Mears giving the reasons why he wishes to examine certain witnesses before the Dardanelles Commission of Inquiry and asserting that he has enough evidence to prove: that at no time during the operation was the margin of safety of the Grand Fleet compromised; that the Admiralty had sufficient ammunition reserves; that the battleships "Majestic" and "Canopus" could be spared for bombardment duties. Typescript copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/95-97. 19 Oct 1916
25 CHAR 2/81/8 Letter in French from Deleaney (French Foreign Minister) to Paul Cambon (French Ambassador in London) on the need to reach an agreement with Britain about naval commands in the Mediterranean. Printed copy. 13 Jan 1915
25 CHAR 2/81/9 Letter from WSC (Admiralty) to Lord Kitchener arguing that only those battleships needed for the initial stage of the Dardanelles bombardment should be used at the outset and that the seizure of Alexandretta should be attempted at the same time as the bombardment so that it can be represented as the main operation if the attack on the Dardanelles is checked. Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/52. 20 Jan 1915
25 CHAR 2/81/11 Memorandum by WSC to Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon] and Lord Kitchener on the terms of naval co-operation with France in the eastern Mediterranean. With note by Grey that the French should be allowed to have what they want in this sphere, even a share in the occupation of Alexandretta. Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/54. 26 Jan 1915
25 CHAR 2/81/12 Memorandum by the Chief of the Admiralty War Staff [Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver] on plans for the bombardment of the Dardanelles forts (2 February). Sent with covering note by WSC to [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith], Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon], Lord Kitchener and Arthur Balfour [later Lord Balfour]. With note by Grey that the forcing of the straits will discourage the planned Austro-German offensive against Serbia (2 February), and note of agreement by Lord Kitchener (3 February). Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/55. 02 Feb 1915 - 03 Feb 1915
25 CHAR 2/81/13 Letter in French from Victor Augagneur [French Minister of the Marine] (Paris) to [WSC] indicating agreement with British proposals for Angle-French naval co-operation in the eastern Mediterranean with reference to the attacks on the Dardanelles and Alexandretta (31 Jan). With notes that Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon] and Lord Kitchener have seen the letter and that WSC thinks it is satisfactory (3 Feb). Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/56. 31 Jan 1915 - 03 Feb 1915
25 CHAR 2/81/14 Letter in French from Victor Augagneur, French Minister of the Marine, to WSC agreeing with the plans for the Dardanelles operations set out in a recent memorandum from WSC and giving details of the relevant French naval dispositions. With notes that the letter was seen by [Herbert Asquith], Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon] and Lord Kitchener, and that it is satisfactory to WSC. Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/63. 09 Feb 1915
25 CHAR 2/81/15 Note by the Admiralty Transport Department on the move of the 29th Division and the 2nd Mounted Division from Avonmouth to the Mediterranean. Printed. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/58. 1915
25 CHAR 2/81/20 Memorandum by WSC that Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden will be in charge of the Dardanelles operations until troops land and that French and Russian troops will be under the overall command of General Sir Ian Hamilton. With note from Commodore Charles de Bartolome to the First Sea Lord [Lord Fisher, earlier Sir John Fisher] explaining that the memorandum is the result of a discussion between WSC and Lord Kitchener and asking for Fisher's concurrence, which he gives. Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/62. 13 Mar 1915
25 CHAR 2/81/21 Minute by Admiral Sir Henry Jackson to [Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver] on the hindering of Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden's operations in the Dardanelles by concealed batteries of howitzers and the need to occupy the Gallipoli peninsula to ensure safe passage of troops through the straits (11 Mar). With note from [Lord Kitchener] to [WSC] stating that no attempt on Gallipoli should be made until the 29th Division has arrived (13 Mar), and circulation note (13 Mar). Printed copy. 11 Mar 1915 - 13 Mar 1915
25 CHAR 2/81/23 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Wilson (Admiralty) to Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] stating that he is not prepared to become First Sea Lord under any First Lord of the Admiralty other than WSC. Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/64. 19 May 1915
25 CHAR 2/86/2 Secretary's notes [minutes] of a meeting of a War Council on 28 Jan 1915 on France and Egypt, Nyassaland, East Africa, the "Konigsberg", the Press Bureau, the Zeebrugge [Belgium] Project, co-ordination of effort by the Allies, the Dardanelles, high explosives and the naval campaign. Printed for the Committee of Imperial Defence, July 1916. Sent with CHAR 2/86/1. 28 Jan 1915-Jul 1916
25 CHAR 2/86/4 Secretary's notes [minutes] of a War Council meeting on 28 Jan 1915 on the general policy of the war, gunboats for the Danube, naval attack on Zeebrugge [Belgium] and the Dardanelles. Printed for the Committee of Imperial Defence, July 1916. Sent with CHAR 2/86/1. 28 Jan 1915 - Jul 1916
25 CHAR 2/88/8 Telegram from Lieutenant-General Sir John Maxwell to Lord Kitchener conveying a message from General Sir William Birdwood expressing doubt about the Navy being able to force the Dardanelles unassisted, insisting the weather should be settled before troops are landed, explaining why he is averse to landing troops at the Bulair Lines and recommending a cautious advance from Helles Point (5 Mar). Printed copy. Telegram from Lieutenant-General Sir John Maxwell to Lord Kitchener conveying a message from General Sir William Birdwood repeating his belief that the Navy cannot force the Dardanelles unaided and stating that if military co-operation is needed he will make his objective the line Kilid Bahr - Gabatepe. Fears that troop transports might still be liable to loss from guns after the straits have been forced (6 Mar). Printed copy. 05 Mar 1915 - 06 Mar 1915
25 CHAR 2/88/19 Letter from Lord Kitchener (2 Carlton Gardens) to WSC suggesting that some of the more powerful modern ships from the Grand Fleet should be in the eastern ports so that they could act quickly in case of emergency in the North Sea or Channel. Typescript copy. [1915]
25 CHAR 2/88/21 Letter from WSC to Lord Kitchener commenting on communications between Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden and General Sir William Birdwood on operations in the Dardanelles and complaining about the recruitment of persons engaged in Admiralty work. Typescript copy. 24 Feb 1915
25 CHAR 2/88/26 Letter from Lord Kitchener (War Office) to WSC stating that preparations are continuing for land operations in the Dardanelles and hoping that the Navy will continue to engage the forts so that the Turks expend their ammunition. Typescript copy. 25 Mar [1915]
25 CHAR 2/88/31 Letter from WSC to Lord Kitchener enclosing a memorandum on naval operations in the Dardanelles and the Sea of Marmara which he has sent to Herbert Asquith [later Lord Oxford and Asquith] and Arthur Balfour [later Lord Balfour] [see CHAR 2/88/32-38]. Typescript copy. 24 Aug 1915
25 CHAR 2/88/32-38 Memorandum [by WSC] describing a plan whereby 3 or 4 monitors may be got through the Dardanelles into the Sea of Marmara and, with protection from submarines, cut Turkish communications across the Bulair Isthmus. Typescript copy. [21] [Aug] [1915]
25 CHAR 2/88/43 "Naval operations in the Dardanelles. Admiralty telegrams. January 3-May 29, 1915." Printed in Sep 1916. 03 Jan 1915 - Sep 1916
25 CHAR 2/88/44 Letter from (Admiralty Transport Division) enclosing lists of the transports which conveyed the Royal Naval and military divisions to the Mediterranean for the Dardanelles operations [see CHAR 2/88/45-53]. 13 Sep 1916
25 CHAR 2/88/45-53 Lists of transports conveying the Royal Naval and military divisions to the Mediterranean for the Dardanelles operations. Sent with CHAR 2/88/44. [Apr] [1915] - [Aug] [1915]
25 CHAR 2/88/54 Telegram from [WSC] to Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden giving him instructions for operations in the Sea of Marmara, including the occupation of Constantinople [Turkey]. Printed copy. Telegram from [WSC] to Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden conveying Admiral Sir Henry Jackson's plan of attack on the Bosphorus [Karadeniz Bogazi, Turkey] forts from the south. Printed copy. Annotated that there is no need to paraphrase these telegrams because they are included in a book of paraphrased Admiralty telegrams that are being sent to WSC and members of the Dardanelles Commission of Inquiry. 04 Mar 1915
25 CHAR 2/89/1 "The possibility of a joint naval and military attack upon the Dardanelles. I. Memorandum by the General Staff. II. Note by the Director of Naval Intelligence." Written 20 Dec 1906. Printed for the Committee of Imperial Defence, Feb 1907. 20 Dec 1906 - Feb 1907
25 CHAR 2/89/26-32 Notes by WSC on: the difference in policy between the Admiralty and the War Office during the years leading up to World War I; the way in which the Agadir [Morocco] crisis made WSC believe that there was a real danger of war; his measures as Home Secretary to protect naval magazines; his measures as First Lord of the Admiralty to ensure that the Fleet should be absolutely ready; his relations with Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher]. Headed: "not for publication but as a guide". [1917]
25 CHAR 2/89/33 Letter from Lord Kitchener (War Office) to WSC stating that preparations for land operations [at the Dardanelles] are continuing and hoping that the Navy will engage the forts vigorously so that the Turks expend their ammunition. Typescript copy annotated by WSC for inclusion in a publication. 25 Mar 1915
25 CHAR 2/89/35-36 Part of a letter [from WSC] justifying the increase of establishments in the naval dockyards and thanking the recipient of the letter for his support over the past year. Typescript copy. [Dec] [1915]
25 CHAR 2/90/29 Declaration by Captain Fawcet Wray of the Royal Navy defending himself against allegations of cowardice and default made at the Court of Enquiry and Court Martial on Rear-Admiral Ernest Troubridge for allowing the 'Goeben' to escape. Sent with CHAR 2/90/28. 03 Aug 1917
25 CHAR 2/90/30-31 Letter from WSC (Lullenden) to [David Lloyd George] denying that he said anything indiscreet during a recent conversation on naval affairs with Rear-Admiral William Sims of the United States Navy and stating that the First Sea Lord [Sir Eric Geddes] should have contacted him if he had heard reports of his words giving the contrary impression. Draft in WSC's hand. 19 Aug 1917
25 CHAR 2/90/44-46 Letter from WSC to Lord Zetland rejecting Zetland's implication that WSC as First Lord of the Admiralty appointed the late Admiral Sir Christopher Cradock to the command of an inadequate squadron on the American station which was then involved in the action off Coronel [Chile]. Annotated typescript copy. Nov [1917]
25 CHAR 2/92 Public and political: letters and other papers sent by Admiral Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher]. 1907 - 1919
25 CHAR 2/92/4 Note by [Lord Fisher, earlier Sir John Fisher] that if the recent return of British shipping losses is correct Arthur Balfour [later Lord Balfour] [First Lord of the Admiralty] was right to reprimand Admiral Sir John Jellicoe [later Lord Jellicoe] for saying that the German submarine menace had been grappled with effectively. c 1917
25 CHAR 2/92/8 Comments by Rear-Admiral Doveton Sturdee on long commissions in the Royal Navy. Signed and annotated typescript. 01 Sep 1912
25 CHAR 2/92/9-10 Comments by Rear-Admiral Doveton Sturdee on the advantages which would be gained if officers and men in the Royal Navy knew that they had some certainty of remaining in their ship for a commission unless they were promoted or appointed to go through some course for their advancement. Signed and annotated typescript. 01 Sep 1912
25 CHAR 2/92/11-12 Letter from J W Reed, manager of Palmer & Co, Jarrow [County Durham], on the need for British firms to make rapid progress with the development of diesel engines for warships in order not to fall behind Germany in this field. Typescript copies. 24 Dec 1912
25 CHAR 2/92/15-18 "The submarine. (A contribution to the consideration of future sea fighting.)" Extracts from a memorandum presented by Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] to the Prime Minister [Herbert Asquith, later Lord Oxford and Asquith] in February 1914, with related extracts from the Truth (4 Feb 1914) and the Daily Mail (2 Dec 1915). Printed. Another, incomplete, copy at CHAR 2/92/77-79. 1914 - 1915
25 CHAR 2/92/19 Letter from Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] to WSC offering his services as "a pusher and organiser" and asserting that "the air will win the war now" as a result of Arthur Balfour's [later Lord Balfour] apathy with the Navy. Typescript copy at CHAR 2/92/20. [1917]
25 CHAR 2/92/21 Letter from Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] (36 Berkeley Square, [London]) to WSC reporting that he has heard that WSC is to go to Scotland with David Lloyd George and is involved in a conference on a British military advance along the Belgian coast in conjunction with a naval action. Asserts that "success depends on smoke and gas from the sea." Typescript copy at CHAR 2/92/22. [1918]
25 CHAR 2/92/27 Newspaper cuttings on: on the overriding necessity of defeating Germany; the advantages of the new oil-driven battleships; the need for a more co-ordinated system of defence against German air raids. [1917]
25 CHAR 2/92/32 Letter from Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] to WSC referring to to the five new fast battle cruisers and stressing the need for oil to be stored for oil-driven battleships. Typescript copy at CHAR 2/92/33. 01 Jul 1917
25 CHAR 2/92/36-39 Letter from Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] to WSC on: the danger that WSC might hamper his "Great Resolve" [the plan for an offensive on the Belgian coast] by associating Fisher with it, even though Fisher himself feels very fit for his age; the aircraft, mine-laying facilities, submarines and other vessels required for the attack; the need for an immediate "Big Change" in Admiralty building policy. Typescript copy at CHAR 2/92/40-41. 15 Apr 1917
25 CHAR 2/92/42-43 Letter from Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] to WSC attacking Admiralty policy under Arthur Balfour [later Lord Balfour], which has led to the Navy "taking a back seat in this War!" In particular: the failure to recapture Antwerp [Belgium] and let the Russians into Berlin from the Pomeranian coast; ignorance about the German submarine programme; the failure to prevent shipyard workers being drafted into the army. Typescript copy at CHAR 2/92/47. 11 Apr 1917
25 CHAR 2/92/44-46 Statement by Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] asserting that the presence of the five fast new battle cruisers 'Furious', 'Glorious', 'Courageous' and 'Renown' would have prevented Admiral Sir David Beatty [later Lord Beatty] being surprised by the German High Sea Fleet and blaming Arthur Balfour [later Lord Balfour] for the delay in the completion of these vessels. Typescript copy at CHAR 2/92/48-49. [Apr] [1917]
25 CHAR 2/92/50 Letter from Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] (Ferne Donhead, Salisbury, [Wiltshire]) to WSC mentioning that he has had influenza , bemoaning the impending German annexation of the Russian fleet and attacking the timid policy of the Admiralty. 19 Feb 1918
25 CHAR 2/92/53 Letter from Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] (Ferne, Donhead, Salisbury, [Wiltshire]) to WSC stating that he will be glad to see him "at this tragic moment with the Germans only a few miles from Amiens [France] and so threatening the starvation of London by stopping the Channel traffic". Deplores the fact that the Royal Navy is still to be kept "in cotton wool" and announces his intention of speaking about it in the House of Lords. 1918
25 CHAR 2/92/56 Letter from Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] to WSC on Rear Admiral Sir Archibald Moore's discontinuing the action [at Dogger Bank] despite the German ships 'Derfflinger' and 'Seydlitz' being badly damaged, and Buller's "mental paralysis". Believes that "we were within a few minutes of a glorious victory." Typescript copy wrongly dated 27 January 1918. [27] [Jan] [1915]
25 CHAR 2/92/59-60 Letter from Admiral Sir Francis Bridgeman, Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet (Sheerness, [Kent]) to Sir John Fisher [later Lord Fisher] reporting that Lord Charles Beresford's memorandum on the results of the October North Sea Manoeuvres contains criticisms of senior officers and Admiralty shipbuilding policy by Sir Reginald Custance which should not be read by junior officers. Typescript copy. 04 Jan 1908
25 CHAR 2/92/61 Memorandum by Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] arguing that submarines preclude the presence of large warships and the passage of trade through the Mediterranean and that Britain should concentrate on maintaining a supreme fleet in the North Sea. Printed. 18 Jun 1913
25 CHAR 2/92/62-72 Memorandum by Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] (36 Berkeley Square, [London]) to [Herbert Asquith,later Lord Oxford and Asquith] on the Admiralty policies which have led to the shortage in the Grand Fleet of destroyers and small craft, and delays in constructing large submarines with 12-inch guns. Typescript copy. 15 Mar 1916
25 CHAR 2/93 Public and political: papers relating to the 1917 inquiry into the large commissions paid as a result of Admiralty orders being placed with the Curtiss Aeroplane Company of the United States. 1914 - 1917
25 CHAR 2/93/2-3 Letter from J G Butcher (House of Commons) to WSC (41 Cromwell Road) describing the activities of the committee appointed to enquire into the large commissions paid by the Curtiss Aeroplane Company of the United States to agents in Britain on orders placed by the Admiralty and asking WSC to attend the committee to give evidence. Encloses related papers [see CHAR 2/93/4-9]. Signed typescript. 12 Mar 1917
25 CHAR 2/93/9 Minute by WSC (as First Lord of the Admiralty) on the need for wartime Admiralty contracts to "stand the severe subsequent parliamentary scrutiny to which they will certainly be subjected." Initialled typescript. 12 Feb 1915
25 CHAR 2/93/11-14 Summary of papers [compiled in Mar 1917] relating to the placing by the Admiralty of a large order with the Curtiss Aeroplane Company of the United States. Sent with CHAR 2/93/10. 24 Aug 1914 - 02 Apr 1915
25 CHAR 2/93/16-38 Evidence given by WSC to the Air Department Committee inquiring into the placing of Admiralty orders with the Curtiss Aeroplane Company of the United States. Sent with CHAR 2/93/15. 29 Mar 1917
25 CHAR 2/97/31-42 Letter from [WSC] to Sir William Pickford [later Lord Sterndale] arguing that the evidence taken by the Dardanelles Commission of Inquiry from Rear-Admiral Roger Keyes [later Lord Keyes] showed that there was universal agreement about the continuation of the naval attack on the straits until Rear-Admiral John de Robeck called it off in March 1915, after which the navy's offensive effectiveness was severely reduced. Typescript copy. Annotated: "not sent in". [1917]
25 CHAR 2/103/4 Letter from WSC (Ministry of Munitions) to Lord Jellicoe [earlier Sir John Jellicoe] pointing out that no one at the Admiralty, including Jellicoe, had believed that the Germans would sink merchant ships or had pushed for measures to make Scapa Flow and the Firth of Forth submarine-proof. Argues that the Admiralty's preparations for war were generally very successful. Copy in the hand of Edward Marsh. 13 Feb 1918
25 CHAR 2/103/76 Letter from Sir Henry Wilson (War Office) to WSC congratulating him on his speech arguing that Britain should keep its naval power intact. 27 Nov 1918
25 CHAR 2/103/86 Letter from WSC (Ministry of Munitions) to [David Lloyd George] expressing the desire to be appointed to the Admiralty rather than the War Office and arguing that the development of aircraft will best be undertaken by the Admiralty. Copy in the hand of Edward Marsh. 29 Dec 1918
25 CHAR 2/105/7 Note from WSC to James Masterton-Smith asking for the dates when Lord Jellicoe [earlier Sir John Jellicoe] was Director of Naval Ordnance, Third Sea Lord and Second Sea Lord and referring to his responsibility for the design of the 'Invincible' the 'Indomitable' and the 'Queen Mary'. 12 Feb 1919
25 CHAR 2/105/8-10 Note from James Masterton-Smith to [WSC] giving the dates when Lord Jellicoe [earlier Sir John Jellicoe] was Director of Naval Ordnance, Controller of the Navy and Second Sea Lord, assigning to Jellicoe the responsibility for the design of the 'Queen Mary' and stating the accepted reason for the loss of the 'Queen Mary', the 'Indefatigable' and the 'Invincible' at the Battle of Jutland. Annotated typescript. 12 Feb 1919
25 CHAR 2/105/11 Statement of the respective strengths of the dreadnought fleets of Great Britain and Germany at the outbreak of war and the subsequent actual and expected reinforcements of the fleets. Printed. Originally attached to CHAR 2/105/8-10. 01 Oct 1914
25 CHAR 2/105/12 "Comparison of the armour protection and principal characteristics of HMS "Queen Mary" and the German battle cruiser "Seydlitz"." Printed. Originally attached to CHAR 2/105/8-10. 14 Jan 1914
25 CHAR 2/105/70 Letter from Walter Long [later Lord Long] (Admiralty) to WSC informing him that the report of the court of enquiry into the conduct of Commodore Wilfred Henderson during the Antwerp expedition will not be published and that the court has no power to reprimand officers criticised in its report. 01 May 1919
25 CHAR 2/105/97-98 Letter from [WSC] to Walter Long [later Lord Long] praising the work at the Admiralty and in the Mediterranean of Rear-Admiral Thomas Jackson and noting that he has received no formal recognition of his war service. Thanks Long for his support that morning. Typescript copy. 27 Jun 1919
25 CHAR 2/106/22-24 Letter from WSC (War Office) to [David Lloyd George] on the need to form the Cabinet, to tax war profits, to cut Government spending, to define future role of the Army, Navy and Air Force and assign the appropriate resources, to check unnecessary spending by the Admiralty, preferably by bringing the Navy as well as the other two services under a Ministry of Defence. Copy in WSC's hand. 04 Aug 1919
25 CHAR 2/106/82 Letter from Lord Grey of Fallodon [earlier Sir Edward Grey] (Fallodon, Lensbury, Northumberland) to WSC on the importance of the navy estimates and his decision not to take his nephew Cecil Graves away from his work in the War Office by offering him a temporary job in Washington. 07 Sep [1919]
25 CHAR 2/106/105 Letter from Sir David Beatty [later Lord Beatty] (Aberdour House, Aberdour, Fife, [Scotland]) to WSC thanking him for his good wishes and expressing the hope that the [Army and Navy] will co-operate more closely together than they have done before. 19 Oct 1919
25 CHAR 2/106/116 Letter from Walter Long [later Lord Long] (Admiralty) to WSC congratulating him on his vindication of the Navy and the Admiralty in the Sunday Herald. 12 Nov 1919
25 CHAR 2/106/117 Letter from WSC (War Office) to Walter Long [later Lord Long] thanking him for praising his article [in the Sunday Herald] defending the Navy's wartime performance. Typescript copy. 13 Nov 1919
25 CHAR 2/110/33 Letter from 2nd Lord Esher [earlier Reginald Brett] (Roman Camp, Callander, [Perthshire, Scotland]) to WSC arguing, having read Sir Ian Hamilton's Gallipoli Diary, that had Vice-Admiral Sir John Keyes [later Lord Keyes] been in charge Constantinople [Turkey] would have been taken in 1915. Laments the apparent return to pre-war methods of naval and military organisation and argues that the factors which saved the country during the war were the readiness of the fleet in 1914, the Naval Division at Antwerp [Belgium] and Lord Kitchener's armies. 23 May 1920
25 CHAR 2/111/57-58 Letter from [WSC] to Walter Long [later Lord Long] asserting that the conclusions of the report on the Dardanelles will encourage a negative attitude in the Navy and that if it is published so should all other relevant documents. Typescript copy. 09 Nov 1920
25 CHAR 2/111/64 Letter from Walter Long [later Lord Long] (Admiralty) to WSC stating that he intends to leave the consideration of the report [on the Dardanelles defences] to his Naval Staff and does not intend to publish it. 15 Nov 1920
25 CHAR 2/113 Public and political: newspaper cuttings on the correspondence between Kaiser Wilhelm II and Tsar Nicholas II and on the Battle of Jutland. 1920
25 CHAR 2/113/20-25 Newspaper cuttings on the Battle of Jutland. Dec 1920
25 CHAR 2/115/77 Letter from [WSC] to Sir James Masterton Smith enclosing a copy of Sir Julian Corbett's [official history of naval operations during the war] and criticising "its awful flatness and sterility." Typescript copy. 22 Jun 1921
25 CHAR 2/116/12 Letter from Lord Lee of Fareham [earlier Sir Arthur Lee] (Admiralty) to WSC congratulating him on his speech on the Navy Estimates. 04 Aug 1921
25 CHAR 2/116/55-56 Letter from [WSC] to ? on the role the 'Canopus' might have played in the engagement off Coronel [Chile]. [See also CHAR 13/52/116]. 19 Sep 1921
25 CHAR 2/116/57 Letter from [WSC] to Lord Edward Grosvenor on the role the 'Canopus' might have played in the action off Coronel [Chile]. Typescript copy. [See also CHAR 13/52/116]. 28 Sep 1921
25 CHAR 2/116/68 Letter from [WSC] to Vice-Admiral Thomas Jackson enclosing a letter from Lord Edward Grosvenor on the role the 'Canopus' could have played in the action off Coronel [Chile] [not present], with which WSC disagrees. Typescript copy. [See also CHAR 13/52/116]. 28 Sep 1921
25 CHAR 2/118/27 Note from Edward Marsh to WSC referring to the desire of the Navy League of the United States to compile a list of Americans who served in the Royal Navy or Royal Naval Division during the way [see CHAR 2/118/28-29 and CHAR 2/118/30] and suggesting that WSC reply that the Admiralty and the War Office do not have enough staff time to undertake the necessary research. [Dec] [1921]
25 CHAR 2/118/28-29 Letter from L S M Robinson, secretary of the Navy League of the United States (Box 2133, Middle City Station, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States) to WSC (2 Sussex Square) asking for his help in finding the names of those Americans who served in the Royal Navy during the war so that they can be properly honoured. Encloses related leaflet [see CHAR 2/118/30]. 02 Dec 1921
25 CHAR 2/118/30 Leaflet on the effort of the Navy League of the United States to find the names and service records of all those Americans who served in the Allied forces before the United States entered the war. Sent with CHAR 2/118/28-29. [Dec] [1921]
25 CHAR 2/118/54 Telegram from [David Lloyd George] to Arthur Balfour [later Lord Balfour] stating that Lord Beatty [earlier Sir David Beatty] has stated that there is no truth in the newspaper rumours that British naval experts were "helping the Americans out." Typescript copy. 12 Dec 1921
25 CHAR 2/126/42 Letter from Lieutenant-General Sir Herbert Miles (Earl Soham, Framlingham, Suffolk) to WSC giving his views on the administrative structures of the Admiralty and the War Office arising from his experience as a member of the Weir Committee, remembering the events described in ["The World Crisis"] from his time at the War Office between 1904 and 1912, and approving the appointment of Sir John Chancellor [as Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Southern Rhodesia]. 14 Sep 1923
25 CHAR 2/126/70 Page from the Daily Telegraph: article by Archibald Hurd on the official history of the Battle of Jutland by Sir Julian Corbett. 15 Nov 1923
25 CHAR 2/127/139 Page from the Times including marked article describing the naval attack in the Dardanelles as "a legitimate war gamble". [Retained in connection with the proceedings against Lord Alfred Douglas arising from his claim that WSC misreported the Battle of Jutland to allow Jewish interests led by Sir Ernest Cassel to profit on the stock market]. 14 Oct 1915
25 CHAR 2/128/29-35 Letter from WSC (2 Sussex Square) to Leopold Amery on how the stipulations of the current contract between the Anglo-Persian Oil Company and the Government with regard to supplies to the Admiralty could be met following the merger of Burmah/Anglo-Persian with Royal Dutch/Shell. Signed typescript. Carbon copy at CHAR 2/128/36-42. 29 Oct 1923
25 CHAR 2/128/43 Letter from Leopold Amery (Admiralty) to WSC enclosing a list of questions [see CHAR 2/129/64-67] on WSC's proposals on oil supplies to the Admiralty following the merger of the Burmah/Anglo-Persian and the Royal Dutch/Shell oil companies. 31 Oct 1923
25 CHAR 2/128/44-46 Letter from [WSC] to [Leopold Amery] arguing that the merger of the Burmah/Anglo-Persian and the Royal Dutch/Shell oil companies will give greater security to the Admiralty's oil supplies because it will put a much wider range of sources at its disposal. Unsigned typescript. Carbon copy at CHAR 2/128/47-49. [Nov] [1923]
25 CHAR 2/128/53-57 Letter from WSC (Sutton Place, by Guildford, Surrey) to Sir Robert Waley-Cohen on the supply of oil to the Admiralty following the merger of the Burmah/Anglo-Persian and the Royal Dutch/Shell oil companies. Draft in WSC's hand. 04 Nov 1923
25 CHAR 2/129/64-67 Questions from the Admiralty on WSC's scheme for the merger of the Burmah/Anglo-Persian and the Royal Dutch/Shell oil companies. Sent with CHAR 2/128/43. 08 Oct 1923
25 CHAR 2/137/55-56 Letter from A Grosvenor Deeny (Madresfield, 95 Wentworth Road, Harborne, Birmingham) to WSC urging him to form a new constitutionalist and anti-Socialist party and to remember the stress by Australian Prime Minister Stanley Bruce [later Lord Bruce] on the importance of trade within the Empire and the construction of a naval base in Singapore. 18 Jan 1924
25 CHAR 2/139/1 "Parliamentary debates", including annotated speech by Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso] on the Navy Estimates. 18 Mar 1924
25 CHAR 2/142/35-40 Letter from [WSC] to Samuel Hammersley supporting Mr Eastham's candidature for Stockport [Cheshire], responding to criticisms of the Government made by David Lloyd George over the Coal Subsidy, the construction of a naval base at Singapore and the arrangements for the settlement of the French war debt to Britain. Points to the resolutions of the Trade Union Congress as evidence that the parliamentary leaders of the Labour Party cannot control their extremist supporters and looks forward to the introduction of improved provision for widows and old age pensioners. Carbon typescript copy. 14 Sep 1925
25 CHAR 2/142/112-113 Letter from Sir Roger Keyes [later Lord Keyes] (Admiralty House, Malta) to WSC thanking him for writing, reporting on his inspection of aircraft carriers and his cruise in the Aegean, referring to Cecil Aspinall's [later Cecil Aspinall-Oglander] history of the [Dardanelles] campaign and to his (Keyes') polo ponies. 06 Dec 1925
25 CHAR 2/147/7-8 Letter from [WSC] to J L Garvin (Gregories, Beaconsfield, [Buckinghamshire]) pointing to Britain's naval achievements in the two years after December 1914 as evidence that the Admiralty staff machinery was not so defective as Garvin's memorandum suggested. Carbon typescript copy. 31 Dec 1925
25 CHAR 2/151/103 "The last of the battle cruisers": humorous poem on naval policy featuring Vice-Admiral Cyril Fuller and WSC. Sent with CHAR 2/151/102. [Apr] [1927]
25 CHAR 2/153/39-41 Memorandum by Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] laying down the six conditions required to guarantee "the successful termination of the war and the total abolition of the submarine menace." Copy of the original sent with CHAR 2/153/38. 19 May 1915
25 CHAR 2/153/44-46 Letter from [WSC] to Lord Oxford and Asquith [earlier Herbert Asquith] commenting on the demands of Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] for supreme naval power in 1915 [see CHAR 2/153/39-41], which WSC sees as evidence of Fisher's treacherous conduct, and the documents on the issuing of orders to the Fleet which passed between WSC and the Sea Lords during that period. Carbon typescript copy. 15 Sep 1927
25 CHAR 2/153/53 Letter from Lord Oxford and Asquith [earlier Herbert Asquith] (Glenconner, North Berwick, [East Lothian, Scotland]) to WSC noting that WSC was not aware of Lord Fisher's [earlier Sir John Fisher] memorandum of 1915 laying down his conditions for remaining as First Sea Lord [see CHAR 2/153/39-41] and proposing to publish it as evidence of Fisher's megalomania. Asks WSC to let him know the results of his research about the documents that passed between WSC and the Sea Lords around the same time. 18 Sep 1927
25 CHAR 2/153/84-85 Letter from [WSC] to Sir William Tyrrell stressing the need for Britain to avoid military entanglement in Iraq and suggesting that the Amir [the King of Afghanistan] be conveyed to Europe in a British war ship so that the Royal Navy can make a deep impression on his mind. Carbon typescript copy. 23 Oct 1927
25 CHAR 2/157/10-15 Letter from Sir Roger Keyes [later Lord Keyes] (at sea on the HMS "Queen Elizabeth") to WSC commenting on WSC's paper on the need for a cruiser building programme and considering what would be needed for the protection of convoys in any future war. 20 Jan 1928
25 CHAR 2/157/39 Extract from the "Times": statement by 1st Lord Birkenhead [earlier F E Smith] at Oxford rejecting the charge that WSC as Chancellor of the Exchequer was advocating increased spending on the Army and Navy. Typescript copy. 22 Feb 1928
25 CHAR 2/157/62-63 Letter from [WSC] to Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Sir Max Aitken] describing how he mobilised the Navy in 1914 without the Cabinet's authority. Carbon typescript copy. 18 Mar 1928
25 CHAR 2/157/64 Notes by Edward Marsh on the account by Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Sir Max Aitken] of the mobilisation of the Navy in 1914. [Mar] [1928]
25 CHAR 2/157/70-72 Letter from [WSC] to Sir Roger Keyes [later Lord Keyes] on the court martial proceedings against Captain Kenneth Dewar and Commander Henry Daniel arising from events on board HMS "Royal Oak". Carbon typescript copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/157/73-75. 22 Mar 1928
25 CHAR 2/157/76 Letter from [WSC] to William Bridgeman reporting that Captain Kenneth Dewar has declined Lord Beaverbrook's [earlier Sir Max Aitken] offer to pay for a King's Counsel to defend him and Commander Henry Daniel in their court martial and expressing confidence that Dewar's conduct in the case will not damage the Navy's reputation. Carbon typescript copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/157/77. 22 Mar 1928
25 CHAR 2/157/78-79 Letter from [WSC] to Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Sir Max Aitken] giving him permission to publish a letter [of 21 May 1915 from WSC to Andrew Bonar Law appealing for his conduct at the Admiralty to be judged on the basis of the facts], pointing out that all the decisions taken by the new Board of Admiralty and the Coalition War Cabinet were those he was advocating at that time, and remembering his sense of powerlessness after he had resigned. Carbon typescript copy. Copy of another version, consisting only of the first paragraph of this letter, at CHAR 2/157/80. 22 Mar 1928
25 CHAR 2/157/92-96 Letter from Kenneth Dewar (Branksome, Sevenoaks, [Kent]) to WSC complaining about the conduct of his court martial arising from events on HMS "Royal Oak". 12 Apr 1928
25 CHAR 2/157/97-103 Letter from Kenneth Dewar (Branksome, Sevenoaks, [Kent]) to [Sir Oswyn Murray] on the court martial proceedings against him arising from events on HMS "Royal Oak". Typescript copy. 12 Apr 1928
25 CHAR 2/157/105-107 Letter from WSC (Admiralty) to Andrew Bonar Law asking for his conduct at the Admiralty to be judged on the basis of the facts. Typescript copy sent with CHAR 2/157/104. 21 May 1915
25 CHAR 2/157/117-119 Humorous poem on the courts martial arising from events on HMS "Royal Oak". Sent with CHAR 2/157/115-116. [Apr] [1928]
25 CHAR 2/157/132-136 Notes by WSC and William Bridgeman on the court martial of Captain Kenneth Dewar and Commander Henry Daniel arising from events on HMS "Royal Oak". [Apr] [1928]
25 CHAR 2/158/31-32 Account, based on the testimony of Sir Malcolm Robertson, of the way in which news of the setting out for south America of HMS "Invincible" and HMS "Inflexible" in 1914 became generally known because of careless radio operators. Sent with CHAR 2/157/30. [Jun] [1928]
25 CHAR 2/159/137-140 Letter from [WSC] to Lord Balfour [earlier Arthur Balfour] on: British naval policy with regard to that of the United States; the hard work involved in finishing the volume of "The World Crisis" on the peace conferences; Maurice Hankey's vindication of Balfour against the "calumnies" of Ray Stannard Baker; WSC's wish to print a passage from one of Balfour's Cabinet papers which states British policy towards Russia at the end of the war. Carbon typescript copy. 21 Dec 1928
25 CHAR 2/164/59 Letter from [WSC] to Sir Maurice Hankey asking whether there is a Committee of Imperial Defence paper which shows the reduction of Navy and scrap tonnage after the war, and asking for details on the claim of the United States that they reduced their battle fleet after the war for the sake of parity with Britain. Typescript carbon copy. 10 Nov 1929
25 CHAR 2/164/61 Table issued by the Admiralty statistics department showing the ships scrapped since the Armistice and the ships under construction or on order at that time which were subsequently cancelled. Sent with CHAR 2/164/60. 20 Feb 1928
25 CHAR 2/164/66 Reprint from the "Daily Telegraph": article claiming that the Royal Navy is greatly inferior in size to the United States Navy. 19 Dec 1929
25 CHAR 2/164/119 Letter from Eva, Lady Keyes (Admiralty House, Portsmouth, [Hampshire]) to WSC pressing the claims of Sir Roger Keyes [later Lord Keyes] to be First Sea Lord. 24 Dec [1929]
25 CHAR 2/164/120-121 Letter from Sir Roger Keyes [later Lord Keyes] (Admiralty House, Portsmouth, [Hampshire]) to WSC on: the honour done him at Bristol; his role in anti-submarine operations during the war; his being told that the "Royal Oak" incident does not count against him [in his competition with Sir Mostyn Field to be First Sea Lord]. 16 Dec 1929
25 CHAR 2/169/55-56 Letter from [WSC] to 1st Lord Balfour [earlier Arthur Balfour] (Fishers Hill, Woking, [Surrey]) promising to send him his articles on the battles of Tannenberg and the Marne, noting the failure of the bid by Lord Rothermere [earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] and Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Sir Max Aitken] to dominate the political scene, and reporting that he has been informally told that a strong speech by him on naval policy would be welcome to the Government and he is therefore going to give one to the Navy League. Carbon typescript copy. 22 Feb 1930
25 CHAR 2/169/58-59 Letter from 1st Lord Beatty [earlier Sir David Beatty] (The Priory, Reigate, Surrey) to WSC expressing concern about the naval situation and the "shameful" bargain recently arrived at by the Government, and asking to meet WSC to discuss the means of co-ordinating the efforts of those who wish to remove the public apathy on the issue. 03 Jun 1930
25 CHAR 2/169/67-69 Letter from Admiral Sir Roger Keyes [later Lord Keyes] (Admiralty House, Portsmouth, [Hampshire]) to WSC recalling a talk he had with Vice-Admiral Paul Guepratte at the time of the Dardanelles campaign. 13 Oct 1930
25 CHAR 2/169/71 Letter from [WSC] to Vice-Admiral Paul Guepratte (5 Rue de Neptune, Brest, Finisterre [France]) agreeing with his praise of Vice-Admiral John de Robeck and praising the French naval squadron which fought in the Dardanelles campaign. Carbon typescript copy. 09 Oct 1930
25 CHAR 2/169/72-74 Letter in French from Vice-Admiral Paul Guepratte (5 Rue de Neptune, Brest, Finisterre, [France]) to WSC thanking him for his reply to Guepratte's letter criticising his article on the Dardanelles campaign [see CHAR 2/169/76-77 and 79-82] and regretting the vehemence of his first letter. 06 Oct 1930
25 CHAR 2/169/76-77 Letter from [WSC] to Vice-Admiral Paul Guepratte (5 Rue de Neptune, Brest, Finisterre, [France]) responding to his critical letter [see CHAR 2/169/79-82] by inviting him to read volume two of "The World Crisis" for the full story of the naval attack on the Dardanelles and asserting that the telegram sent by Vice-Admiral John de Robeck on 10 May 1915 invited a negative answer to the question of renewing the naval attack on the straits. Carbon typescript copy. 24 Sep 1930

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