Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material.

Reference code: CHUR 5/48A-B

Part of: CHUR 5
Next record: CHUR 5/49A-C
Previous record: CHUR 5/47A-B

Date: 01 Jul 1952 - 20 Sep 1952

Scope/content:

Speech notes for WSC's speech (1 July, House of Commons) entitled "The Korean War" on subjects including the early demoralization of Communist forces in Korea, then the success of their negotiations and rebuilt forces; the heavy costs suffered by Britain and the United States during the armistice; harm caused by anti-American feeling in Parliament; the treatment and exchange of prisoners of war, including forcing anti-Communist soldiers to return to China or North Korea; Labour's motion of censure on the lack of consultation by the United States over its bombing of North Korean power stations; the agreement to have a Commonwealth military representative on the United States staff, and the parallel with North Africa, 1942 - 3; the setback in the advance by United States forces in Korea in 1950; the risk of the United States concentrating on China rather than the defence of Western Europe; the visit by Field Marshal 1st Lord Alexander [of Tunis, Minister of Defence] to Korea; Britain's recognition of China. Source material includes a copy of the paper issued by the Foreign Secretary [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon] on Korea, summarizing developments in the armistice negotiations and prisoner-of-war camps. Published: Complete Speeches VIII pp 8388 - 91.

Speech notes for WSC's speech (17 July, Luncheon of Independent Unionist Peers) see WSC's speech, 25 June, CHUR 5/47.

Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (30 July, House of Commons) entitled "The Economic Situation" on subjects including: the new effort needed to restore the trade balance and protect Britain's reserves; relations between WSC and R A Butler, Chancellor of the Exchequer; the planned economic conference of Commonwealth Prime Ministers; the needs of defence, within economic limits; the Labour Government's rearmament programme, and the shortfall in meeting it; repayment of aid from the United States; changes to the rearmament programme from technical advances, and maintaining conventional forces; the steel supply for both defence and export and the export of armaments; balancing the need for new equipment and maintaining existing forces, particularly in the RAF and the army; retaining the 2-year National Service period, and urging Western Europe to adopt the same period. Source material includes draft notes and amendments by Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook, Secretary to the Cabinet], on maintaining defence with economic limits, import cuts and export increases, and balancing the economy and [?] Christopher Soames [Principal Private Secretary to WSC] and Lieutenant-General Sir Ian Jacob [Deputy Secretary (Military) to the Cabinet] on the steel supply. Also includes speech notes on the financial record of Hugh Gaitskell [former Chancellor of the Exchequer]. Published: Complete Speeches VIII pp 8391 - 402.

Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (6 September, St Barnabas School, Woodford [Essex]) entitled "The Government's Tasks" on subjects including: the jaded state of Parliament and the partisan politics of the Opposition; Trade Union support for rearmament and wage restraint, and the benefits for Conservatives in joining the Unions; preparation for Parliamentary business; the Transport Bill and reversing the nationalization of road haulage; tax relief for wage-earners; progress in the new housing programme; the general state of the economy, measures taken to improve it, and work still to do; the loss of the oil industry in Persia [Iran]; the Presidential elections in the United States. Source material includes draft notes for the speech from Duncan Sandys, Minister of Supply, on reversing the nationalization of steel; a note by Harold Watkinson [Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Labour and National Insurance] on forms of co-partnership and improved consultation for wage-earners. Published: Complete Speeches VIII pp 8402 - 8.

Typescript in French for WSC's speech (20 September, Cap d'Ail [France]) entitled "Britain's Ties with France" on WSC's election as honorary mayor, his long association with Cap d'Ail, the relations between Britain and France and the continuing need to work together for the sake of future generations. Published: Complete Speeches VIII pp 8408 - 9.

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