Speeches: speech notes (some by WSC as First Lord of the Admiralty) and other material.

Reference code: CHAR 9/144

Part of: CHAR 9
Next record: CHAR 9/145
Previous record: CHAR 9/143

Date: 30 Mar 1940 - 01 Oct 1940

Scope/content:

Notes for WSC's broadcast (30 March, BBC) entitled "A hideous state of alarm and menace" on the fate of the neutral nations, German atrocities, particularly in Poland, and wishing to avoid conflict with the Soviet Union. Also includes various cuttings reporting the speech. Part published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6199-201.

Notes for WSC's broadcast (19 May, BBC) entitled "Arm yourselves and be ye men of valour" on the war situation in France and the formation of the coalition government, which includes the phrase "conquer we must; as conquer we shall". Also includes cutting from the Manchester Guardian containing the text of WSC's broadcast. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6220-23.

Drafts of WSC's broadcast (17 June, BBC) entitled "The news from France is very bad" on the capitulation of France. Also includes press cutting containing the text of the broadcast. Published: Complete Speeches VI, p 6231.

Cuttings from the Listener containing the text of WSC's broadcast (18 June, BBC) entitled "This was their Finest Hour" on fighting invasion by Germany and forecasting the Battle of Britain and the determination of the RAF [for further material for this speech, also delivered in the House of Commons, see CHAR 9/140 and CHAR 9/172]. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6231-8.

Notes for WSC's broadcast (14 July, BBC) entitled "War of the unknown warriors" on the disabling of the French navy, the fall of France, Hitler's threat to invade Britain and on the Home Guard. Also includes cutting from the Listener containing the text of WSC's broadcast and one from the News Chronicle reporting it. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6247-50.

Notes for WSC's broadcast (11 September, BBC) on the night bombing of London entitled "Every man to his post" on the Battle of Britain, the possibility of invasion and the threat posed by [Adolf] Hitler. Also includes cutting from the Listener containing the text of WSC's broadcast. See CHAR 9/144/61-67. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6275-7.

Extract from the Times containing the text of WSC's broadcast (30 September, BBC) to the people of Czechoslovakia, stating: "Be in good cheer. The hour of your deliverance will come." Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6283-4.

For further material for some of the above speeches see CHAR 9/176.

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Related material

Churchill Archives Centre also holds a collection of "Other Deposited Collections related to Winston Churchill" which includes a recording of Churchill delivering "War of the unknown warriors" at WCHL 3/1 and WCHL 12/21; and "Every man to his post" at WCHL 3/2 and WCHL 12/21. Access copies are needed to consult audio-visual material - please contact Churchill Archives Centre to confirm availability.

Other details

Access:

Open

Physical: 1 bound file (75 folios)
Publication: Alternative format:
Original Reference: Language:

Contained records

Reference Record Date
CHAR 9/144/61-68 "Every man to his post" 11 Sep 1940
CHAR 9/144/71-75 "Mr Churchill to the Czechs: Be of Good Cheer" 1 Oct 1940