Letters and telegrams from WSC to Lady Randolph Churchill. Several items relate to WSC's time with the Nile Expeditionary Force under Sir Herbert Kitchener in the Sudan. All letters are manuscript and signed unless otherwise described.

Reference code: CHAR 28/25

Part of: CHAR 28
Next record: CHAR 28/26
Previous record: CHAR 28/24

Date: May 1898 - Dec 1898

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Contained records

Reference Record Date
CHAR 28/25/1-2 Letter from WSC (Bangalore [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he remarks on her apparent lack of interest in his letters, reports that he is going to stay with Sir Arthur Havelock and in a postscript says that he intends to send her his novel ["Savrola"] in a fortnight. Envelope present. 03 May [1898]
CHAR 28/25/3-5 Letter from WSC (Government House, Ootacamund [India]) to "Mamma" [ Lady Randolph Churchill] thanking her for her letter and press cuttings [relating to his book "The Story of the Malakand Field Force"]; enclosing two letters [see CHAR 28/66/52 and CHAR 28/66/68]; discussing the possibility of writing a biography of [John, 1st Duke of] Marlborough; reporting that he has received a letter from [Albert Edward, Prince of Wales] expressing approval of his book; commenting on his own disappointment with the book despite good reviews and the fact that it has made him a "celebrity"; discussing work on his novel ["Savrola"] and letters to the Pioneer; and financial affairs. Envelope present. 10 May [1898]
CHAR 28/25/6-8 Letter from WSC (Bangalore [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] enclosing sections of his novel "Affairs of State" [published as "Savrola"] and discussing its publication. He also outlines his plans to spend his leave in Egypt and to visit England, discusses financial affairs and his intention to sell his horses, and comments on the truth of a remark of Cecil Rhodes that "I do not care so much for the principles I advocate as for the impression which my words produce and the reputation they win me" although he protests that "au fond I am genuine". In a postscript he mentions issues connected with writing a biography of [John, 1st Duke of] Marlborough]. Envelope present. 16 May [1898]
CHAR 28/25/9 Letter from WSC (4th (The Queen's Own) Hussars, Bangalore [India]) to "Jack" [John S Churchill] discussing "Jack's" future career in the City [of London] as an "arrogant plutocrat". [16] [May] [1898]
CHAR 28/25/10-13 Letter from WSC (4th Hussars [Bangalore] India) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including: his plans to visit England before travelling to Egypt unless an early advance up the Nile becomes likely; a request that she should arrange a dinner for Sir Bindon Blood and his wife and two public meetings for WSC; the progress and publication of his novel "Affairs of State" [published as "Savrola"]; a request that she should continue to use her influence regarding his appointment in Egypt; discussion of the reaction to his letter about the Tirah [Expeditionary Force, see CHAR 28/24/68-73] and to an article about Cuba and Spain; his opinions on relations between the United States and Britain, international relations and the British Empire, and on [Joseph] Chamberlain whom he describes as a "political vampire". Envelope present. 22 May 1898
CHAR 28/25/14-16 Letter from WSC (4th Hussars [Bangalore] India) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he expresses his disappointment at not having received a letter from her and says that he wishes she would make an effort to write regularly. He encloses the rest of the manuscript of his novel ["Savrola"], discusses the title, his plans to return to England before going to Egypt and publication of his articles. Envelope present. 01 Jun [1898]
CHAR 28/25/17-18 Letter from WSC (4th Hussars [Bangalore] India) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including instructions and arrangements for the publication of his book ["Savrola"]. Envelope present. 02 Jun 1898
CHAR 28/25/19-20 Note from WSC ([Bangalore, India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] enclosing an article [not present] for inclusion in the United Services Magazine which he asks her to read. Envelope present. [Jun] [1898]
CHAR 28/25/21-23 Letter from WSC (4th Hussars [Bangalore] India) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he says that he is looking forward to returning home; thanks her for sending him newspaper cuttings and discusses criticism of his work; expresses his pleasure at being quoted by [Albert Edward, Prince of Wales] and that she has begun to work for the Primrose League; makes observations about a speech by Joseph Chamberlain on an "Anglo Saxon alliance"; and hopes that she has arranged public meetings and invitations for him. Envelope present. 08 Jun [1898]
CHAR 28/25/24 Envelope addressed to Lady Randolph Churchill in the hand of WSC. 08 Jun 1898
CHAR 28/25/25-26 Letter from WSC (Bradford [Yorkshire] on the notepaper of 35a Great Cumberland Place) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] describing the success of his speech at Bradford, his hopes that he may be able to contest the Central Division, his pleasure at "rousing and amusing" his audience and that his [speech] impediment was not a hindrance. He also informs her that he has definitely decided to resign his [army] commission. 15 Jul [1898]
CHAR 28/25/27 Letter from WSC (Paquebot Sindh [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he discusses his journey and his hopes that he will not be recalled and says that he hopes that he will not have to leave "the centre of civilisation" again for some years. 18 Jul [1898]
CHAR 28/25/28-29 Letter from WSC (Luxor [Egypt]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including: his attachment to the 'A' division of the 21st Lancers; Sir E[velyn] W[ood]'s opinion that there will not be an attack on the Shabluka position before the 13 September; friends that he has met; his hopes to command a troop during operations; financial affairs; contrasts between the current campaign and that of the M[alakand] F[ield] F[orce]; the postponement of his political aspirations; a request that she should send him his revolver; a message to George [Cornwallis-]West about the corps d'elite [1st battalion, Grenadier Guards]; the books he is reading and a request that she should try and get his article "Ethics of Frontier Policy" published. 05 Aug 1898
CHAR 28/25/30 Letter from WSC (Nile [Egypt]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] enclosing letters [not present] to Sunny [Charles, 9th Duke of Marlborough], Jack Leslie, Ernest Becket[t] and Lumley which he asks her to use to settle a "matter". He also gives instructions regarding the serialisation of his novel ["Savrola"] and a second edition of ["The Story of the] Malakand [Field Force"]. 05 Aug [1898]
CHAR 28/25/31 Letter from WSC ("On the Nile between Korosko & Wadi Halfa" [Sudan]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] enclosing letters [not present] to be published anonymously in the Morning Post as "foundations and scaffolding" for his book ["The River War"] and asking her to show them to Lady [Mary] Jeune. He also describes his surroundings and plans; anticipates the fighting ahead; comments on his irritation with a "brainless imbecile" who is whistling; and discusses public meetings at which he would like to speak when he returns to England. 10 Aug 1898
CHAR 28/25/32 Letter from WSC (Atbara Fort [Sudan]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he informs her that he is going to ride after the squadrons with Hubert Howard; outlines plans to progress to Omdurman; reports that Colonel Wingate complimented him on ["The Story of the Malakand Field Force"]; and comments on the heat and poor food. 16 Aug 1898
CHAR 28/25/33-35 Letter from WSC ("On bank Nile 20 miles from Metemma" [Sudan]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he says that the letter will be transported by a steamer which will take sick men suffering from heat apoplexy and sunstroke; describes poor food and the hard and long daily marches necessitated by the "mismanagement and miscalculation" of the Sirdar [Sir Herbert Kitchener] but says that he is enjoying himself; comments that there are several newspaper correspondents in his squadron; and describes the difficulties of catching up with the squadrons during the night. Pencil. Envelope present. 19 Aug [1898]
CHAR 28/25/36 Letter from WSC (Wad Hebeshi before Shabluka [Sudan]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he says that there will be no opportunity to send her a letter until he reaches Khartoum and "all is over"; discusses the possibility that he may be killed and says that he does not "flinch" despite his lack of religious belief, that he is sure that he will not die; and that he is annoyed by the dislike of the 21st Lancers. Pencil. 24 Aug 1898
CHAR 28/25/37 Telegram from Caryl [Ramsden] (Wadhamed [Wad Hamid, Sudan]) to [Lady Randolph Churchill] reporting "Winston [WSC] arrived both very fit advance tomorrow". 25 Aug 1898
CHAR 28/25/38 Letter from WSC (North of Shabluka [Sudan]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] discussing the imminent battle and [Sir Herbert] Kitchener's disapproval of his actions and enclosing a letter [not present] for the Morning Post. 26 Aug 1898
CHAR 28/25/39 Telegram from Evelyn Grenfell (Western District [Sudan]) to Lady Randolph Churchill informing her that the campaign was a great success and that all the forts at Omdurman were destroyed. 03 Sep 1898
CHAR 28/25/40 Telegram from WSC (Nasri [?Nasr, Egypt]) to [Lady Randolph Churchill] informing her that he is all right. 04 Sep 1898
CHAR 28/25/41 Telegram from Caryl [Ramsden] (Atbara [Sudan]) to [Lady Randolph Churchill] informing her that WSC is well and that there has been a "big fight fine sight" [a reference to the battle of Omdurman]. 05 Sep 1898
CHAR 28/25/42 Letter from WSC (Omdurman [Sudan]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] discussing his orders to return to Atbara which are a result of his unpopularity with the Sirdar [Sir Herbert Kitchener] and the possibility that the French are in Fashoda. 08 Sep [1898]
CHAR 28/25/43-45 Letter from WSC (Wady Halfa [Sudan]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including: the battle of Omdurman and his opinion that the British forces should have made a charge and made the "performance historic"; the names of his friends who were killed in action; and complaint at the publication of his letters in the Morning Post and Oliver Borthwick's alterations to them. 17 Sep [1898]
CHAR 28/25/46 Letter from WSC (35a Great Cumberland Place [London]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he says that he has been working hard at his speeches, describes a dinner at which he met Morbely Bell, informs her that a letter of his has been published in the W[estminster] G[azette] and that [Alfred] Harmsworth [later Lord Northcliffe] will publish a speech that WSC is to give at Dover [Kent]. 21 Oct [1898]
CHAR 28/25/47 Letter from WSC (35a Great Cumberland Place [London]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he says that his speech at Dover [Kent] was successful despite a pause when he lost his train of thought. 27 Oct [1898]
CHAR 28/25/48 Letter from WSC (35a Great Cumberland Place [London]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he says that he has been hunting with the Quorn with "Sunny" [Charles, 9th Duke of Marlborough], gives the names of those he met and says that he has enjoyed several conversations with Sunny and describes their relationship as "a case of flint and steel". 09 Nov [1898]
CHAR 28/25/49 Letter from WSC (35a Great Cumberland Place [London]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] about the loss of her black pug dog and his efforts to find him. 14 Nov [1898]
CHAR 28/25/50 Letter from WSC (35a Great Cumberland Place [London]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] discussing financial affairs and reporting that he has been modelled by [Emile] Fuchs. 29 Nov [1898]
CHAR 28/25/51-52 Letter from WSC (35a Great Cumberland Place [London]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he reports on a discussion with John Lane about financial affairs connected with the publication of a magazine. 01 Dec [1898]
CHAR 28/25/53 Letter from WSC (S S Osiris, Brindisi [Italy]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he says that he had a bad crossing over the [English] Channel and that he has been reading during the journey. 04 Dec [1898]
CHAR 28/25/54 Letter from WSC (S S Shannon, off Aden [later South Yemen]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he says that he has made progress with his book ["The River War"], reports that the ship's copies of ["The Story of] the Malakand Field Force" are regularly read, and asks her to send him copies of the Annual Register. 11 Dec [1898]
CHAR 28/25/55 Letter from WSC (4th Hussars [Bangalore] India) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he says that he has been awarded a Soudan medal and that he hopes to receive a Frontier medal and that he has been working hard on his book ["The River War"]. 22 Dec 1898
CHAR 28/25/56 Letter from WSC (4th Hussars [Bangalore] India) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he discusses his progress with his book ["The River War"] which he says "grows in bitterness about [Sir Herbert] K[itchener]", arrangements for the serialisation of his novel ["Savrola"], financial affairs and their future poverty, the death of the wife and mother of Jacob [his servant] as a result of a plague and asks about the date of a meeting at the Albert Hall. 29 Dec 1898
CHAR 28/25/57 Note from WSC (on the notepaper of the 4th Hussars, India) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] listing arguments in favour of him joining the Nile expeditionary force in Egypt and protesting that he would have been recalled from leave if he had committed an offence [by going to Egypt without having his leave approved]. [Jul] [1898]
CHAR 28/25/58-59 Instructions [from WSC to Lady Randolph Churchill] regarding financial, literary and political affairs and the possibility that his orders may be revoked by the War Office. [Jul] [1898]
CHAR 28/25/60-61 Letter from WSC ("On the Nile near Luxor" [Egypt]) to Ernest Becket[t] asking him to stand surety for his liabilities incurred by a loan, describing his journey on the Nile and speculating on the likelihood of fighting. Envelope present. 05 Aug [1898]