Acquired Papers: Letters from WSC to Lady Randolph Churchill and also John S Churchill and Reginald Barnes. The file contains letters written by WSC about his time in Bangalore with the 4th Hussars; his posting to the Malakand Field Force with Sir Bindon Blood and about his first literary endeavours ("Savrola", "The Scaffolding of Rhetoric" and "The Story of the Malakand Field Force"). The file also contains two letters from Sir Bindon Blood. All items are manuscript and signed unless otherwise described.

Reference code: CHAR 28/23

Part of: CHAR 28
Next record: CHAR 28/24
Previous record: CHAR 28/22

Date: 04 Oct 1896 - 31 Dec 1897

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UKAT

Personal

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Access: Physical: 1 file
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Contained records

Reference Record Date
CHAR 28/23/1-3 Letter from WSC (Poona Rest Camp [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he describes: his journey from Bombay [India]; the extreme heat; the people he has met and the vulgarity of Anglo-Indian women; his planned journey to Bangalore [India] and his hopes that [James Cruickshank] will be punished for defrauding them. Envelope present. 04 Oct [1896]
CHAR 28/23/4-5 Letter from WSC ("In the train", Sioni [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he says that he and Hugo [Baring] met [Winifred and Victoria] Kennard, Arnold Morley, Sir Francis McLean, Baker Russell; reports that he received her messages from [Lord] Fincastle; comments on the unpopularity of [Victor, 9th Lord] Elgin as Viceroy of India; apologises for his writing and says that he hopes to be able to go to Egypt [to serve under Sir Herbert Kitchener]. Pencil. 01 Jan 1897
CHAR 28/23/6-7 Letter from WSC (Bangalore [India]) to "Jack" [John S Churchill] discussing "Jack's" decision not to enter the army and to become a barrister. WSC expresses doubts about his brother's suitability for this career and his "envy" of the opportunity to study at Oxford [University]; says that he is pleased that [James] Welldon approved of his article in Pall Mall Magazine, commenting "Always pay attention to discerning criticism - by which I mean favourable criticism", makes observations about the careers of authors and discusses Rudyard Kipling's new book. 01 Jan [1897]
CHAR 28/23/8-9 Letter from WSC (Bangalore [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] describing his garden and asking her to send him seeds. He also discusses Hubert Crichton and careers in the Foot Guards; the possible expense of going to Egypt [to serve under Sir Herbert Kitchener] and his own regrets about his writings about Cuba and his fear that he may have treated the opinion of the insurgents unfairly. 07 Jan 1897
CHAR 28/23/10-11 Letter from WSC (Bangalore [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he reports that he has stayed with Sir Arthur Havelock, Governor of the Presidency; describes his success at polo and reports that he is about to go on manoeuvres. He thanks her for sending him 12 volumes of Macaulay; says that he is reading the Republic of Plato and Winwood Reade's "The Martyrdom of Man", and makes observations on religion. He also says that he is envious of "Jack's" [John S Churchill's] opportunity to study at Oxford [University] and wishes that he had had the chance to study Latin and Greek. 14 Jan 1897
CHAR 28/23/12-13 Letter from WSC (4th (The Queen's Own) Hussars, Rajankunte Camp, Madras [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he describes the camp and its location; complains of the difficulty of working in the sun; informs her that he has been made acting-adjutant; speculates on the likelihood that he will be sent to Egypt [with Sir Herbert Kitchener]; discusses the difference between Gibbon and Macauley and comments on the "malevolence" of [Frances, Duchess of Marlborough]. 21 Jan 1897
CHAR 28/23/14 Letter from WSC (4th (The Queen's Own) Hussars, Kundarna Camp, Madras [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he describes the hard work which the regiment has undertaken and his responsibility [as acting-adjutant] which he has discharged "not altogether without success". 28 Jan [1897]
CHAR 28/23/15 Letter from WSC (Bangalore [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he says that he is busy as acting-adjutant, that he finds it difficult to find material for his letters and is losing touch with England, discusses polo and his reading and asks her to find him a source of detailed parliamentary history. 04 Feb [1897]
CHAR 28/23/16-17 Letter from WSC ("In camp", 4th (The Queen's Own) Hussars, Bangalore, Madras [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he discusses: the likelihood that he may be posted to Egypt, a recommendation made by the colonel, his intention to return to England if he is not quarantined, sufferings from sunburn and his position as brigade major and adjutant about which he comments "responsibility is an exhilarating drink". 12 Feb [1897]
CHAR 28/23/18-19 Letter from WSC (Bangalore [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he discusses: his disappointment at not being allowed to play in a polo tournament and the resulting unpopularity of Sir Mansfield Clarke; the work of an adjutant and his enjoyment of the position; his own military career and the possibility that he will stay in the army for two more years; and his gardening and reading. 18 Feb 1897
CHAR 28/23/20-21 Letter from WSC (Bangalore [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he discusses: the likelihood that he might be chosen to serve in Egypt; his plan to return to England; his reading; the behaviour of the British government in Crete [Greece]; his own disagreement with the Conservative Party and disapproval of [Arthur] Balfour, George Curzon [later Lord Curzon] and the government's foreign policy and the possibility that "Jack" [John S Churchill] may enter the army. 25 Feb 1897
CHAR 28/23/22-23 Letter from WSC (Bangalore [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he discusses: his election to the Turf Club and her offer to pay his entrance subscription; arrangements for his return to England during his leave and for the sale of an Arab horse which he is sending to her; changes proposed by the War Office to the Foot Guards; and the policies and position of the Conservative government. 02 Mar 1897
CHAR 28/23/24-26 Letter from WSC (Government House, Guindy [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he discusses: arrangements for his return to England during his leave and possible routes; horse racing; and his disagreement with [Arthur] Balfour's policy regarding Eastern powers and Greece. Envelope present. 11 Mar [1897]
CHAR 28/23/27-28 Letter from WSC (Bangalore [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including: the postponement of his leave; his decision to visit Sir Herbert Kitchener in Egypt; a request for letters of introduction; discussion of his reasons for wishing to return to England during his leave; financial affairs; reading and his gratitude at receiving copies of the Annual Register. 17 Mar 1897
CHAR 28/23/29-30 Letter from WSC (Bangalore [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including: his injury while playing polo; a list of the books he has read while in India; his method of constructing "a scaffolding of logical and consistent views" through studying the Annual Register; observations on education; and arrangements for caring for "Firefly" [a horse] which he is sending to England. 31 Mar [1897]
CHAR 28/23/31-33A Letter from WSC (Bangalore [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including: his injury by splintered bullets; apologies for a dishonoured cheque and discussion of his financial difficulties; the route of his return journey and his intention to visit Rome [Italy]; his opinions on the "wicked" treatment of insurgents in Crete [Greece] by the British government, on the policy of [Robert, 3rd] Lord Salisbury and on the necessity that Russia should regain Constantinople [Istanbul, Turkey]; his political agreement with the Liberal Party on all issues except Home Rule; details of the "creed of Tory Democracy" on issues of social reform, imperialism, European politics and defence. Envelope present. 06 Apr [1897]
CHAR 28/23/34-35 Letter from WSC (Bangalore [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he outlines his plans for returning to England and describes his eagerness to return to civilisation after "barbarous squalor". He comments on the waste of his time in India apart from that spent reading, the amusement provided by discussions between [Ronald] Kincaid[-Smith] and [Charles] Agnew and his distaste for Anglo-Indian society. Envelope present. 14 Apr [1897]
CHAR 28/23/36-38 Letter from WSC (Bangalore [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] informing her of his decision to go to Brindisi [Italy] as a special correspondent on the war between Turkey and Greece. He asks her to use her influence with the King of Greece and to obtain him a position as special correspondent and discusses financial affairs. Includes envelope. 21 Apr 1897
CHAR 28/23/39-41 Letter from WSC (4th (The Queen's Own) Hussars, Bangalore, Madras [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he discusses his journey to Brindisi [Italy] and then to Constantinople [Istanbul, Turkey] and says that he hopes that she will send money and letters of introduction for him. He also discusses the possibility that he might go to serve in Egypt, his reading, his intention to write a book and the progress of an article on relations between the British and the Boers. Envelope present. 20 Apr [1897]
CHAR 28/23/41A-41B Letter from WSC (S S Macedonia, off Brindisi [Italy] on the notepaper of the 4th Hussars, Bangalore) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he expresses his regret that the war [between Turkey and Greece] has ended so that he is unable to go to Turkey [as a special correspondent] and says that he is worried that he may receive a "bad welcome" from her. Envelope present (also numbered "13"). 26 May [1897]
CHAR 28/23/42-43 Letter from WSC (Steamship Rome, Near Aden [later South Yemen] on the notepaper of the 4th Hussars, Bangalore) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he describes the intense heat of the Red Sea, expresses his disappointment at not receiving a letter from Sir Bindon Blood, includes a list of instructions for her and reports that he has met Colonel Machado. Envelope annotated on dorse "Of course cheque forgotten - send in next WSC". 07 Aug 1897 - 08 Aug 1897
CHAR 28/23/44-46 Letter from WSC (4th Hussars, Bangalore [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including: the likelihood that he will be allowed to accompany Sir Bindon Blood to Malakand [West Pakistan], military preparations and his disappointment that he will not be able to participate in the fighting, regret at forgetting to bring "Peas" [a dog] with him, his friendship with [Reginald] Barnes, Hugo [Baring's] financial difficulties, and a good reception given to one of his speeches. Envelope present. 17 Aug [1897]
CHAR 28/23/47-48 Letter from WSC (4th Hussars [Bangalore] India) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he discusses the progress of his novel ["Savrola"] in which "all my philosophy is put into the moth of the hero", expresses disappointment at not being able to accompany Sir Bindon Blood [to Malakand, South Pakistan] and asks her to use her influence to get him posted to the war. Envelope present. 24 Aug [1897]
CHAR 28/23/49-50 Letter from WSC ("In the train near Dhond" [India] on the notepaper of the 4th Hussars) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he says that he has received a letter from Sir Bindon Blood and is joining the Malakand Field Force as a correspondent. He discusses: his plans; the seriousness of the trouble; his novel ["Savrola"]; his future political career and financial affairs Part of the letter is written in pencil and one section is badly faded. Envelope present. 29 Aug [1897]
CHAR 28/23/51 Letter from WSC (In the train near Umballa, North West Provinces [India]) to "Jack" [John S Churchill] discussing his position as war correspondent with the Malakand Field Force and the likelihood that he will see active service and will be awarded a medal. He also gives his opinions on the violation of the "Pax Britannica" and the necessity for the British government to take revenge on the frontier tribes. 31 Aug 1897
CHAR 28/23/52 Letter from WSC (Malakand Camp [Pakistan]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] enclosing letters [not present] for the Daily Telegraph and discussing the terms of his engagement, his keenness to sign the letters and achieve publicity, and financial affairs. He also considers the fighting and the likelihood that he may be killed or wounded, and his destiny, about which he comments "I have faith in my star - that is that I am intended to do something in this world". 05 Sep [1897]
CHAR 28/23/53-54 Letter from WSC (Nawagai [Pakistan]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] enclosing two letters [not present] for the D[aily] T[elegraph] which he asks her to edit for him and discussing the intense heat which he notes is 110 degrees [Fahrenheit]. Envelope present. 12 Sep [1897]
CHAR 28/23/55-56 Letter from WSC (Nawagai [West Pakistan] on the notepaper of the 4th Hussars) to "Reggie", Sir Reginald Barnes, in which he describes the action in which he has been involved [with the Malakand Field Force], comments on his servant's composure, describes the effect of night firing, the progress of the war, the attitude of the natives and the cruelty of the British and speculates on the effect which his letters to the D[aily] T[elegraph] will have on the Indian government. 14 Sep [1897]
CHAR 28/23/57 Letter from WSC (Camp, Inayat Kila [West Pakistan]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] enclosing two letters [not present] to the Daily Telegraph, describing the fighting which he experienced, his proximity to death, the retreat during which the wounded were abandoned and reporting that Sir Bindon [Blood] has made him his orderly officer. He also comments on own bravery "I play for high stakes and given an audience- there is no act too daring, or too noble. Without the gallery - things are different" and discusses his novel ["Savrola"] Pencil. 19 Sep [1897]
CHAR 28/23/58 Letter from WSC (Camp Ghosan [West Pakistan]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he discusses the fighting at Zagai and Tangai, his efforts to go on an expedition to Tirah in order to get a clasp or medal, and financial affairs. 27 Sep [1897]
CHAR 28/23/59-59A Letter from WSC (Inayat Kila [West Pakistan]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he describes the fighting at Agrah during which 60 were killed or wounded, informs her that he has been ill and that he has been attached to the 31st Punjab Infantry to command 100 men and hopes that his actions may be noticed. He also comments on the cruelty which he has witnessed about which he comments "I have not soiled my hands with any dirty work". Envelope present. 02 Oct 1897
CHAR 28/23/60 Letter from WSC (31st Punjab Infantry, Afghanistan) to "Jacko" [John S Churchill] in which he says that he has been busy writing for the Pioneer and the D[aily] T[elegraph], explains that he has been attached to the regiment to replace some of the officers killed, and says that he would like his brother's opinion of his speech. [02] [Oct] [1897]
CHAR 28/23/61-62 Letter from WSC (Inayat Kila [West Pakistan]) to "Uncle Bill" [Lord William Beresford] in which he describes his luck at being posted to "the hardest fighting that the frontier has seen for many years", gives an account of the fighting in which he has been involved, and says that despite the difficulty of commanding the regiment without speaking Hindustani, he hopes that "the moral effect of my presence will alone inspire confidence". 02 Oct [1897]
CHAR 28/23/63 Letter from WSC (Nowshera [West Pakistan]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] informing her that he is rejoining his regiment and will visit Hugo Baring at Jamrud, describing his experiences as a "foundation for a political life", asking to be sent any criticism of his letters to the D[aily] T[elegraph], saying that he is contemplating writing a book on the Malakand Field Force and that he has earnt his medal and clasp. Two unbound typescript transcripts of the letter also contained in file CHAR 28/23. 12 Oct [1897]
CHAR 28/23/64-66 Letter from WSC (Bangalore [India] on the notepaper of the 4th Hussars) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including: his luck in not being killed when he was at the frontier; his opinion that his experiences made his life worthwhile; the Simla authorities' opposition to WSC's attachment to a regiment at Malakand [West Pakistan]; and his low opinion of the Indian government and their actions at the frontier. He encloses three letters [not present] to the D[aily] T[elegraph] and says that he hopes that they are creating a good impression. Envelope present. 21 Oct [1897]
CHAR 28/23/67-68 Letter from WSC (4th Hussars [Bangalore], India) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including: his disappointment that his name did not appear with his letters to the D[aily] T[elegraph], as he had hoped for publicity which might have aided his political career, his desire to receive o10 per letter; complaint at mistakes and the editing of his letters; his intention to write "The Story of the Malakand Field Force" and to finish his novel ["Savrola"] and to go to Egypt. He asks her to use her influence on his behalf and to ask the opinion of Sir Algernon West about "The Scaffolding of Rhetoric". 25 Oct [1897]
CHAR 28/23/69-70 Letter from WSC (4th Hussars [Bangalore], India) to "Uncle Bill" [Lord William Beresford] discussing financial affairs and a horse called "Lily of the Valley", his desire to return to the frontier, the difficulties of [George] Brasier-Creagh, his own good luck at not being shot, discussion of the merits of rifles compared to revolvers and the determination of the Simla authorities that he should not be attached to a regiment. 02 Nov [1897]
CHAR 28/23/71-73 Letter from WSC (4th Hussars [Bangalore], India) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] discussing: the harmlessness of his fifth letter [to the Daily Telegraph] and her objection to it; his disappointment at the errors which appeared in the seventh printed letter; his regret that Colonel [John] Brabazon will disapprove of his sentiments; his opinion of the "Forward Policy"; his progress with [an article] "The Scaffolding of Rhetoric" and his novel ["Savrola"] and a discussion of the ideas examined in the latter; and his pride at his conduct Envelope present. The letter is dated 14 October but its content suggest that it dates to November. [Nov] [1897]
CHAR 28/23/74-75 Letter from WSC (4th (The Queen's Own) Hussars, Bangalore [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] asking her to suggest to [Thomas] Lister that he should join the 4th Hussars and for advice on how to address [Albert Edward, Prince of Wales]. Envelope present. 02 Nov [1897]
CHAR 28/23/76-78 Letter from WSC (4th Hussars [Bangalore] India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he informs her of his decision to write "The Story of the Malakand Field Force", and discusses his hopes that it may be a financial, political and military success, lists the sources of information he would like her to find for him and comments on his disappointment at having to postpone his novel ["Savrola"]. Envelope present. 10 Nov [1897]
CHAR 28/23/79-81 Letter from WSC (4th Hussars [Bangalore] India) to "Mamma" [ Lady Randolph Churchill] including: his disappointment at the publication of his letters by the D[aily] T[elegraph]; pleasure that [Albert Edward, Prince of Wales] has spoken favourably of him; the progress of his book ["The Story of the Malakand Field Force"]; requests that she should find about possible publishers for his book and advise him about the woman in his novel ["Savrola"]; discussion of financial affairs, the possibility that a constituency he may be found for him and the situation at the frontier. Envelope present. 17 Nov [1897]
CHAR 28/23/82-83 Letter from WSC (4th Hussars [Bangalore] India) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he says that he was disappointed at not receiving a letter from her; remarks on his disappointment at the publication of his letters in the D[aily] T[elegraph]; discusses the progress of his book ["The Story of the Malakand Field Force"] and his annoyance that Lord Fincastle is writing on the same subject and asks her to approach publishers on his behalf and to send him copies of the D[aily] T[elegraph] containing his letters. Envelope present. 24 Nov 1897
CHAR 28/23/84-85 Letter from WSC (4th Hussars, Hyderabad, India) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including: his pleasure that Sir Bindon Blood has mentioned him in dispatches as he wants a reputation for personal courage; the postponement of his novel ["Savrola"] and his article on rhetoric ["The Scaffolding of Rhetoric"]; the progress of his book ["The Story of the Malakand Field Force"] and a request that she should correct the proofs for him; discussion of financial affairs and his success at polo. Envelope present. 02 Dec [1897]
CHAR 28/23/86-87 Letter from WSC (4th Hussars [Bangalore] India) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including: his pleasure at being mentioned in dispatches [by Sir Bindon Blood]; his progress with his book ["The Story of the Malakand Field Force"] ; Colonel [Howard] Mellis' promise that he should join the Imperial Service Transport Corps if there is a vacancy and a request that she should make an application for him to go to Egypt as an officer. Envelope present. 09 Dec [1897]
CHAR 28/23/88-89 Letter from WSC (4th Hussars [Bangalore] India) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he informs her that ["The Story of the Malakand Field Force"] is almost finished, asks her to deal with the publishers on his behalf and says that he is "weary of the pen". Envelope present. 15 Dec [1897]
CHAR 28/23/90-92 Letter from WSC (4th Hussars [Bangalore] India) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he says that he will send her "The Story of the Malakand Field Force". He also discusses: his "follies" in riding his grey pony along the skirmish line; his gratitude that his actions were noticed; his destiny about which he comments "Besides I am so conceited I do not believe the Gods would create so potent a being as myself for so prosaic an ending"; his intention to devote his life to the preservation of the British empire; and the career of "Jack" [John S Churchill]. Envelope present. 22 Dec [1897]
CHAR 28/23/93-95 Letter from WSC (4th Hussars [Bangalore] India) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] enclosing the manuscript of ["The Story of the Malakand Field Force"] and promising to send maps and a photograph of Sir Bindon Blood for the frontispiece. He requests that she should ask Moreton Frewen or Ivor Guest [later Lord Ashby St Ledgers and 2nd Lord Wimborne] to correct the proofs for him, that his sentiments should not be modified, that Moreton Frewen should deal with the publishers and that the book should be published as quickly as possible. Envelope present. 31 Dec [1897]
CHAR 28/23/96 Letter from Sir Bindon Blood (Camp Inayat Kila [West Pakistan]) to [Colonel John] Brabazon in which he expresses his admiration for WSC's conduct in fighting, says that he may get the chance to earn the Victoria Cross or the [Companion of] Distinguished Service Order and describes the progress of the frontier war and enemy tactics. 04 Oct 1897
CHAR 28/23/97 Letter from Sir Bindon Blood (Camp North West Frontier [India]) to Lady Randolph [Churchill] in which he says that he mentioned WSC in his dispatches, promises to look after WSC and discusses the mismanagement of the military operations. 03 Nov 1897
CHAR 28/23/98-101 Two typescript copies of CHAR 28/23/63. 12 Oct 1897