Official: Prime Minister: Personal telegrams.

Reference code: CHAR 20/77

Part of: CHAR 20
Next record: CHAR 20/78
Previous record: CHAR 20/76

Date: 21 Jun 1942 - 14 Jul 1942

Scope/content:

Other details

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Publication: Alternative format:
Original Reference: T901/2 - T1000/2 Language:

Contained records

Reference Record Date
CHAR 20/77/1 Old file cover. [Jun] 1942 - [Jul] 1942
CHAR 20/77/2-3 Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC (Washington, United States) marked "personal and most secret" informing him of the imminent fall of Tobruk [Libya] and commenting on the need for rapid reinforcements of heavy bombing aircraft and submarines. 21 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/4 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] marked "most secret and personal" asking to be telegraphed the present location of the New Zealand Division. 21 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/5-8 Telegram from Middle East Defence Committee to WSC marked "most secret and personal" reporting their "apreciation and action taken consequent on impending fall of Tobruk " [Libya]: describes present situation in battle zone; outlines possible courses of action and recommends withdrawal of main body of Eighth Army to Matruh [Egypt]; outlines orders issued for withdrawal; comments on general implications of withdrawal Annotated in red pencil with note: "T904 cancelled". 21 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/9 Telegram from General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] to WSC marked "most secret and personal" regarding the location of the New Zealand Division. 21 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/10-11 Telegram from WSC (Washington, United States) to General Sir Claude Auchinleck (Commander in Chief Middle East) and repeated to the Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] regarding the fall of Tobruk [Libya]: hopes that there will be stern resistance along the Sollum frontier and refers to special intelligence regarding the enemy; comments on reinforcements; comments on his personal reaction to the news; comments on decision of President Roosevelt and high United States authorities to send the Second United States Armoured Division to the Middle East; instructs Auchinleck to inspire all his forces "with an intense will to resist". 22 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/12-13 Telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell [Commander in Chief India] to WSC marked "personal" reporting on his discussions at Colombo [Ceylon, later Sri Lanka] on 19 June with Admiral James Somerville [Commander in Chief Eastern Fleet], Air Chief Marshal Richard Peirse [Air Officer Commander in Chief India], Admiral Geoffrey Layton [Commander in Chief Ceylon] and General Harold Alexander [formerly General Officer Commanding Burma] regarding the possibility of operations against Burma and stating that Alexander will leave for United Kingdom on 23 Jun with details. 22 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/14 Telegram from General Archibald Wavell [Commander in Chief India] to WSC marked "personal" asking whether the assault shipping used in Ironclad [Codename for operation against Madagsacar] is to be returned to the United Kingdom or sent on to India. 22 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/15 Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC (Washington, United States) urging that, when WSC reviews general strategy with President Roosevelt, priority should not be given to the Australian front but should be given to reinforcing the Indian Ocean and recovering Burma. 22 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/16-17 Telegram from Middle East Defence Committee to Deputy Prime Minister [Clement Attlee] but repeated to WSC (Washington, United States) commenting on the strength of the frontier defences and the reasons for the withdrawal to Matruh [Egypt]. 23 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/18 Telegram from Deputy Prime Minister [Clement Attlee] to General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] repeated to WSC [Washington, United States] approving of attempt to continue negotiations with French authorities in Madagascar and expressing anxiety to avoid further military operations due to developments in Libya. 24 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/19-20 Telegram from General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] to WSC marked "personal and most secret" regarding the situation in North Africa: deeply regrets "this severe blow" and comments on advantages to enemy of capture of Tobruk [Libya]; comments on "untenable" position of continuing resistance at the Salum frontier and describes build up of forces at Matruh [Egypt]; comments on risks of drawing too many troops from rest of Middle East theatre. [see also CHAR 20/77/48]. 24 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/21-22 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] marked "personal": reassures Auchinleck that he should "not have the slightest anxiety about the course of affairs at home" and that he has "my entire confidence"; comments on plans for United States aid to Middle East; expresses concern about reports of "undue despondency and alarm in Alexandria" [Egypt]; hopes that the crisis will lead to all uniformed personnel in the Delta and all local manpower being raised to the highest fighting condition; "Every fit male should be made to fight and die for victory.". 25 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/23 Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC marked "personal and most secret" informing him of impending battle to defend Matruh position [Egypt], Commenting on doubts regarding General Neil Ritchie's command of the Eighth Army, reporting decision of General Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] to take personal command, and suggesting that WSC send Auchinleck a telegram of support. 25 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/24-25 Telegram from WSC (Washington, United States) to General Sir Claude Auchinleck (Commander in Chief Middle East) explaining that it will no longer be possible to send him the Second United States Armoured Division but that an alternative proposal has been accepted whereby the Americans will send 300 Sherman tanks and 100 self propelling howitzer guns to the Middle East as an "urgent move". 25 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/26 Telegram from Admiral Henry Harwood [Commander in Chief Mediterranean] to WSC denying reports of evacuation by Royal Navy from Egypt but defending the movement of certain ships through the Suez Canal to the Red Sea and stating that he hopes to get the Queen Elizabeth away tomorrow. 26 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/27 Telegram from General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] to WSC marked "personal and most secret" thanking him for his generous support and commenting on United States aid to the Middle East and his preparations to meet early resumption of the attack by enemy. 26 Jun 1942 - 27 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/28 Telegram from General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] to WSC commenting on the "very attractive" proposal by General George Marshall [Chief of Staff United States Army] to supply tanks and howitzer guns for the Middle East and asking that key United States personnel are sent to act as instructors. 27 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/29 Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to Deputy Prime Minister [Clement Attlee] and repeated to WSC (Washington, United States) marked "most secret" commenting on the intention of General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] to fight a "mobile battle" and suggesting that any propaganda "should not stress the importance of any particular line of defence.". 27 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/30 Telegram from WSC to Harry Hopkins [Aide to President Roosevelt] marked "personal and secret" reciting extract from telegram of 26 Jun from General Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] to WSC [see CHAR 20/77/27] which he believes that President Roosevelt will be interested to see. 27 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/31 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and most secret" reciting text of telegram of 27 June from General Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] to WSC [see CHAR 20/77/28]. 27 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/32 Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] marked "most secret" regarding the diversion of 42 tropicalized spitfires assigned to Australia to the Middle East and commenting on the effect of Japanese losses at the battle of Midway on the imminence of the threat to Australia. 27 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/33 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] marked "secret and personal" expressing his pleasure that Auchinleck has taken Command [of Eighth Army]: "We are sure you are going to win in the end.". 28 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/34-36 Telegram from the Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC marked "personal and most secret" reporting on the battle in North Africa: States that General Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] is telegraphing him directly and regularly from Eighth Army Headquarters; comments on Auchinleck's plan of campaign ; states that the battle will be a mobile one fought between Matruh [Egypt] and El Alamein [Egypt] and southwards to the Qattara depression [Egypt]; comments on impact of Auchinleck's presence at front; comments on movements of Lieutenant-General Thomas Corbett [Chief of General Staff Middle East], Lieutenant-General Wilfrid Lindsell [Lieutenant-General in charge of Administration Middle East], Air Marshal Arthur Tedder [Air Officer Commander in chief Mediterranean]; states that the RAF continue to maintain virtual control of the air over Eighth Army; comments on the implications of the enemy reaching the Nile Delta; comments on movement of Queen Elizabeth from Alexandria [Egypt] to Port Said [Egypt] and through Suez Canal; comments on plans to move other ships from Alexandria; notes the arrival of General Harold Alexander from Burma and General Lewis Brereton [Commander of the United States Middle East Air Forces] from the United States. 28 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/37 Telegram from General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] to WSC marked "personal and most secret" thanking him for his message of support and stating that he and every one in the Eighth Army will do their best "to carry out your orders". 29 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/38 Telegram from General George Marshall [Chief of Staff United States Army] to WSC marked "secret" regarding the shipment of 100 howitzers and 300 tanks to the Middle East and stating that Major-General Douglas Pratt [Major-General in charge of Armoured Fighting Vehicles, Washington, United States] has approved the proposed equipment. 28 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/39 Telegram from WSC to Cordell Hull [Secretary of State, United States] marked "important" reciting text of extracts from Radio Guadeloupe regarding the battle in Libya and British involvement in the murder of Reinhardt Heydrich [German Vice-Protector in Czechoslovakia]. 28 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/40 Telegram from WSC to Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] marked "personal and secret" thanking him for his full account of the campaign in Egypt, and wondering how General Erwin Rommel's tanks will get on amongst the irrigation canals, and urging that every man in uniform be made to fight. 29 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/41 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] marked "personal and secret" informing him of his intention to announce Auchinleck's assumption of command [ of Eighth Army] during his speech in the vote of censure debate on Thursday [2 July]. 29 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/42 Telegram from Middle East Defence Committee to WSC and Chiefs of Staff marked "most secret and personal" regarding their urgent need for Boston aircraft and requesting permission to appropriate 50 of these aircraft from Basra [Iraq] where they are waiting collection by the Russians. 29 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/43 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] marked "personal and secret" informing him that he will now be announcing his assumption of command [of Eighth Army] in the House of Commons tomorrow. 29 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/44 Telegram from WSC to Admiral Henry Harwood [Commander in Chief Mediterranean] marked "personal and secret" thanking him for his telegram: "I quite understand.". 30 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/45 Telegram from WSC to Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] marked "personal and secret" expressing his appreciation of the role Casey has played in the change of command and urging him to insist upon the mobilization of the rearward services: "No general evacuation, no playing for safety. Egypt must be held at all costs.". 30 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/46 Telegram from John Curtin (Prime Minister of Australia) to WSC marked "most secret" agreeing to diversion of Spitfires to the Middle East but expressing disappointment and stressing that the delay should not be allowed to intefere with the quota for monthly wastage. 30 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/47 Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC marked "personal and most secret" reporting on the latest situation in Egypt and commenting on RAF mobilisation, arrangements for the defence of the Delta, and the plans of Admiral Henry Harwood [Commander in Chief Mediterranean] for supporting the Eighth Army and evacuating merchant shipping from Alexandria [Egypt]. 30 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/48 Second and final part of telegram [see CHAR 20/77/19-20 for first part] from General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] to WSC marked "most secret" commenting on the proposed reinforcements for the Middle East, the determination of the Eighth Army, the need for training and supplies of guns and armour, and his regret for the failures and setbacks of the past month. 24 Jun 1942
CHAR 20/77/49 Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC suggesting that the Royal Air Force concentrate its maximum bombing force against the German army and ports in North Africa instead of bombing towns in Germany. 30 Jun 1942 - 01 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/50 Telegram from John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] to WSC marked "most secret" alerting him to a broadcast made on the evening of 29 June in which a commentator of the Australian Brodcasting Commission made critical comments about the Middle East Command and stating that he is taking the matter up personally with the Australian Broadcasting Commission. 01 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/51 Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC marked "personal and most secret" asking for his help in getting the Boston aircraft from Basra [Iraq] for use in Egypt. 01 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/52 Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC marked "personal and most secret" regarding the French fleet in Alexandria [Egypt] and arguing that there would be no point in denouncing the agreement with the French Admiral as this might lead to a battle between the British and French fleets at the same time as the battle is proceeding at El Alamein [Egypt]. 02 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/53 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] marked "private and most secret" inquiring about the battle in Egypt: Comments on the special information [ULTRA intelligence] about enemy intentions and asks whether Auchinleck is getting "these priceless messages (which have never erred) in good time?"; asks about 8 Armoured Division and 9 Australian Division; asks for Auchinleck's opinion on how enemy tanks would get on among the canals of the Nile Delta; comments on defence of Egypt; States that "Everyone here greatly heartened by your splendid fight" and refers to vote of Confidence in the House of Commons. 03 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/54 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and secret" regarding the French fleeet in Alexandria [Egypt]: states that French ships must be made to obey the orders of the British Naval Commander in Chief [ Admiral Henry Harwood] if and when he orders them through the Suez Canal; agrees that they will be offered protective custody of the United States on emerging from the Canal; confirms that action will not be taken until the land battle has been lost. 03 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/55 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC: "Number 160, Good for you.". 02 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/56 Telegram from Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to the President of the United States] to WSC congratulating him on the vote of confidence in the House of Commons: "They who run for cover with every reverse, the timid and faint of heart, will have no part in winning the war.". 02 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/57 Telegram from WSC to Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to the President of the United States] thanking him for his message of congratulations following the vote of confidence in the House of Commons: "I knew you and the President would be glad of this domestic victory". 03 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/58 Telegram from WSC to Evatt [Australian Minister for External Affairs and Attorney General] apologising for the delay in the provision of Spitfires to Australia. 03 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/59 Telegram from WSC to John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] thanking him for his agreement regarding the diversion of 42 Spitfires to the Middle East but asking him to accept the July allocation for wastage in two instalments. 03 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/60 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt regarding the urgent need for Boston bomber aircraft in the Middle East and asking for permission to have the forty Bostons in Basra [Iraq] which were en route to the Soviet Union. 04 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/61 Telegram from Lieutenant-General Thomas Corbett [Chief of General Staff Middle East] to WSC marked "private and most secret" answering his inquiries regarding the battle in Egypt and commenting on the use of special source messages [ULTRA intelligence], the movements of 8 Armoured Division and 9 Australian Division, restricted tank movement in Nile Delta and the progress of inundations. 03 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/62 Telegram from WSC to General Bernard Freyberg [General Officer commanding New Zealand Forces Middle East] marked "personal": "Deeply moved to hear of your new wound and new glory.". 03 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/63-64 Telegram from WSC to General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] marked "most secret and personal": states that he has "been so much harried by the weaker brethren in the House of Commons since my return from America last week" and offers condolences for cruel losses to South African Divisions; comments on reverses in Middle East over last three weeks and lists reinforcements being sent to the area; comments on plans to strike at Japan through Burma. Annotated in red pencil: "This telegram has been amended. See T.962/2". 04 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/65 Telegram from WSC to Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and Assistant to the President of the united States] marked "personal and secret" informing him that he is sending him his own personal return of shipping losses for the first six months of 1942 [see CHAR 20/77/66] and commenting on the "remorselessly increasing losses of American and American-controlled shipping.". 04 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/66 Sheet marked secret of weekly totals of merchant tonnage sunk by enemy action in the period January to June 1942 [Sent by WSC to Harry Hopkins, see CHAR 20/77/65]. 04 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/67 Telegram from WSC to Air Chief Marshal Arthur Tedder [Air Officer Commander in Chief Mediterranean] praising the role of the Royal Air Force in the battle for Egypt: "The days of the Battle of Britain are being repeated far from home.". 04 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/68 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] expressing his satisfaction with the way things seem to be going in Egypt. 04 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/69-70 Telegram from WSC to General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] marked "most secret and personal" reporting on the various types of heavy bomber operating in Egypt and opposing the transfer of the main bombing offensive from Germany to the Middle East. 05 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/71 Telegram from Air Marshal Arthur Tedder [Air Officer Commander in Chief Mediterranean] to WSC marked "personal" thanking him for his inspiring message: "All of us are determined to do our utmost and more to help the Army to clear the enemy out of Africa.". 05 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/72 Telegram from WSC to John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] marked "secret and personal" thanking him for his personal concern about the broadcast criticising the Middle East Command which was not heard in the United Kingdom. 06 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/73-74 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Archibald Wavell [Commander in Chief India] marked "personal and secret" questioning Wavell's reasons for delaying offensive operations from India and his request for 1150 first-line aircraft. 06 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/75 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and most secret" regarding clarification of the meaning of the following code words: "Bolero", "Sledgehammer", "One-Third Bolero", "Round-Up", "Gymnast", "Semi-Gymnast", and "Jupiter". Annotated and initialled by WSC in red. 06 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/76 Telegram from WSC to Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to the President of the United States] marked "personal and secret" asking whether he has taken any decision about not publishing American shipping losses. 06 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/77 Telegram from General Bernard Freyberg [General Officer Commanding New Zealand Forces in the Middle East] to WSC marked "personal" thanking him for his kind personal telegram and reporting that his wound is healing well and that he expects to be back in command before the end of July. 06 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/78 Telegram from WSC to Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and Assistant to the President of the United States] asking about the prospects of carrying out the "Mountbatten Plough" scheme this winter. 07 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/79 Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC marked "most secret and personal": comments on "heartening" news from Middle East and predicts successful counter stroke; comments on difficulties facing General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] as he advances; expresses anxiety to accelerate movement of South African Brigade Group from Madagascar to Middle East; expresses admiration for the way WSC has handled "parliamentary situation" [vote of confidence] ; comments on the importance of WSC's contacts with President Roosevelt and the United States. 07 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/80 Telegram from WSC to General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] marked "most secret and personal" correcting text of previous telegram regarding provision of aircraft for the Middle East [see CHAR 20/77/63-64]. 07 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/81 Telegram from John Curtin (Prime Minister of Australia) to WSC marked "most secret" accepting WSC's amended proposals regarding the monthly delivery of Spitfires and describing Japanese raid no. 67 on Port Moresby [Papua New Guinea] on 4 July. 07 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/82 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] marked "personal and secret" informing him that the information about Allied movements had been released by Auchinleck's military censors, using the Cairo beam which is audible to the German Listening Service, and that he cannot blame the BBC: recommends that the censor responsible is tried by court martial and the correspondent who wrote it sent home; recommends that he hand the matter over to the Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey]. 07 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/83 Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC and Secretaries of State for War and Air asking that special steps be taken to supply those emergency requirements for the army in the Middle East which are listed in his immediately following telegram [see CHAR 20/77/84-86]. 07 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/84-86 Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC and Secretaries of State for War and Air listing the equipment which is urgently required by the army in the Middle East [see also CHAR 20/77/83]. 07 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/87-90 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and secret" regarding joint Anglo-American military operations: opposes "Sledgehammer" [Codename for plan to attack coast of France in 1942] on the grounds that it would delay a largescale operation in 1943; advocates "Gymnast" [Codename for operation in French North West Africa] as "by far the best chance for effecting relief to the Russian front in 1942." and comments on British role and Vichy French resistance; comments on possibility of an operation in northern Norway. 08 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/91 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC confirming that Stalin has no objection to the transfer of the forty Bostons from Basra [Iraq] to Egypt and that instructions have gone forward to transfer the planes at once. 07 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/92 Telegram from Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to the President of the United States] to WSC informing him that no decision has yet been made as to the change of policy relative to American shipping losses but that the matter is now under discussion. 07 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/93 Telegram from Franklin Knox [United States Secretary of the Navy] to WSC informing WSC that he is sending William Bullitt to talk with him in London. 07 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/94 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt suggesting that General George Marshall [Chief of the United States Army] be asked to undertake command of "maximum Bolero" [Codename for preparations for main Allied invasion of France] in 1943. 08 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/95 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt expressing his hope that the appointment of a United States Commander for "Bolero" [Codename for preparations for main Allied invasion of France] will not prejudice operations of immediate consequence such as "Gymnast" [Codename for operations in French North West Africa]. 08 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/96 Telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell [Commander in Chief India] to WSC marked "personal and secret" regarding the proposals for a future offensive operation in Burma: states that it must "be entered into discretely advisedly and soberly"; reminds WSC of his record during the war; comments on need for adequate air support and states that only about 600 of the aircraft he has requested would be used for offensive operations while the rest are required for the defence of Ceylon. 08 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/97-98 Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC marked "most secret and personal" regarding the fate of the French fleet at Alexandria [Egypt]: Outlines concerns voiced by Admiral Henry Harwood [Commander in Chief Mediterranean] about repercussions that would follow on the sinking of the French ships; Suggests that Harwood be allowed to offer Admiral Rene Godfrey the alternative of sailing through the Suez Canal to Portugese East Africa or Martinique where fleet could be immobilised under American supervision; suggests that the Free French should be associated in any decision to sink the squadron. 08 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/99-100 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC regarding the fate of the French fleet at Alexandria [Egypt]: states that the French authorities have raised the technical point that these ships must be removed to a French port and suggests that an offer be made for their withdrawal, by way of the Suez Canal, to Martinique where they will be immobilized; comments on likely effect of such an offer on French crews and people; comments on response to any contention by Vichy that this violates the Armistice Agreement. 09 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/101 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC regarding the clarification of code names for joint operations: states that "Bolero" will be used to designate the preparation for and movement of United States forces into the European theatre; that "Sledgehammer" will designate an offensive operation against the European continent in 1942 necessitated by internal German collapse or Russian military collapse; that "Roundup" will designate an offensive operation against German dominated Europe to be carried out in 1943 or later. 09 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/102 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Archibald Wavell [Commander in Chief India] marked "personal" thanking him for his telegram [regarding offensive operations in Burma, see CHAR 20/77/96] and confirming that he will discuss the matter with General Harold Alexander. 09 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/103 Telegram from WSC to Franklin Knox [United States Secretary of the Navy] marked "personal and secret" confirming that he will be delighted to welcome William Bullitt and hear the purpose of his visit. 09 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/104 Telegram from WSC to Premier Stalin thanking him for consenting to the transfer of the 40 Boston bombers from Basra [Iraq] to Egypt. 09 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/105 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt thanking him for arranging the transfer of the 40 Boston bombers from Basra [Iraq] to Egypt. 09 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/106 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and secret" welcoming his proposal that the French warships at Alexandria [Egypt] be allowed to proceed to Martinique by way of the Suez Canal: suggests additions to the proposed offer and denies that the warships are in any way within the scope of the Armistice Agreement. 09 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/107 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC listing naval vessels built or being built in Canada that would be suitable for combatting enemy submarines and mining operations and asking if they can be temporarily assigned to the United States. 10 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/108 Telegram from WSC to Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] marked "most secret and personal" regarding the fate of the French warships at Alexandria [Egypt]: states that he is sending Casey the texts of telegrams exchanged between himself and President Roosevelt [see CHAR 20/77/109-110]; states that Casey must explain to Admiral Henry Harwood [Commander in Chief Mediterranean] that the ships must not be allowed to sail for Bizerta [Tunisia]. 09 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/109-110 Telegram from WSC to Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] marked "most secret and personal" reciting texts of telegrams from President Roosevelt to WSC and from WSC to President Roosevelt regarding the French warships at Alexandria [Egypt]. 09 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/111 Telegram from Evatt [Australian Minister of External Affairs and Attorney General] marked "most secret" to WSC thanking him for his "thoughtful wire", commenting on plan to provide Spitfires for Australia, and stating that a black swan has been allocated to WSC and will arrive after plumage attaches itself in August. 09 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/112-113 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] marked "personal" informing him that the only way a sufficient army can be gathered in the northern theatre of the Middle East is if Auchinleck defeats or destroys the army of General Erwin Rommel [Commander German North Afrika Korps] in the western desert: states that if Auchinleck does not succeed we shall continue to be dependent on the Russian front but that if he does succeed, and the Russian front holds, "Acrobat" [codename for operation against Tripoli, Libya] will again come under consideration. 12 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/114 Telegram from WSC to Acting Prime Minister of Turkey conveying a message of sympathy on the death of Dr Refik Saydam [Prime Minister of Turkey]. 10 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/115-116 Telegram from WSC to Lieutenant-General Thomas Corbett [Chief of General Staff Middle East] asking him about the use he is intending to make of the 8th Armoured Division, the 300 American Sherman tanks, the American 105mm self-propelled guns, and the 44th British Division. 12 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/117-118 Telegram from WSC to the governments of Australia and New Zealand marked "personal and most secret" reporting on the battle in the Middle East: comments on Australian and New Zealand Divisions in the Middle East; comments on the present situation and gives details of the reinforcements of troops , tanks , guns, and aircraft that have been sent to Egypt; comments on preparations to defend the Nile Delta; comments on heavy losses of convoys to Soviet Union and on aid given to Middle East by Stalin; comments on the support of the House of Commons and the goodwill of the Australian and New Zealand governments and people. 12 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/119 Telegram from WSC to Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] marked "personal" commenting on the problems of "Sledgehammer" [Codename for plan to attack coast of France in 1942] and advocating "Gymnast" [Codename for operation in French North West Africa] as "the sole means by which United States forces can strike at Hitler in 1942.": comments on the implications of both "Sledgehammer" and "Gymnast" on "Round Up" [Codename for the liberation of Europe]; States that if President Roosevelt decides against "Gymnast" the matter is settled as it can only be done by troops under the American flag. 12 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/120 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] marked "personal" expressing concern about Auchinleck's remarks on the bad condition of the Valentine tanks and asking for a report. 12 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/121 Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC marked "personal" stating that he has just seen the Chiefs of staff signal of 11 July and thanking WSC. 12 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/122 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC stating that he has not received WSC's despatches number 108 and 109 and asking for them to be repeated. 13 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/123 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt informing him that his telegrams number 108 and 109 were sent through the Foreign Office and "by a regrettable mistake" were not delivered by the British Embassy in Washington [United States] but will be delivered by hand to Roosevelt this morning. 13 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/124 Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC, and repeated to General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] warning of the dangers that would arise from the enemy fortifying the gap between El Alamein and the Qattara depression [Egypt]. 13 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/125 Telegram from WSC to Madrid [? Sir Samuel Hoare, Ambassador to Spain] marked "personal" thanking him for his letter and offering to see him. 14 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/126 Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC marked "most secret and personal" regarding the position of the French warships at Alexandria [Egypt], commenting on the implications of threat by Pierre Laval [Head of the government, Vichy France] to declare war if the ships are tampered with, and urging that the ships are only sunk as a last resort. 13 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/127-128 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and secret" regarding the northern shipping convoys to the Soviet Union: reports on the heavy losses sustained by PQ 17 [June convoy]; advises against running PQ 18 [July convoy]; comments on the future prospects of supplying Russia by this northern route; states that allied shipping losses for week ending July 13 were 400,000 tons, " a rate unexampled in either this war or the last". 14 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/129 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "absolutely personal and secret" regarding joint operations: states that he has found no-one who regards "Sledgehammer" [Codename for plan to attack coast of France in 1942] as possible; states that he would like to do "Gymnast" [Codename for operations in French North West Africa] and to try for "Jupiter" [Codename for operation in Northern Norway]; believes that preparations for "Round-Up" [Codename for the liberation of Europe] should proceed at full blast. 14 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/77/130-132 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "most secret and personal" reciting draft text of telegram from WSC to Premier Stalin: comments on convoys to north Russia since 1941 and the change in German strategy which has led to the heavy losses of PQ 17 [Jun convoy]; comments on the dangers and difficulties and reports decision to cancel further convoys to north Russia; outlines alternative measures to get supplies to the Soviet Union; comments on the importance of combined Russo-British operations to drive the enemy out of the northern Norwegian airfields and calls for liaison between Soviet and British officers; comments on possibility of supporting Russian southern front once General Erwin Rommel [Commander German North Afrika Corps] has been beaten back; thanks Stalin for 40 Boston bombers; comments on Stalin's offer to allow three Polish Divisions join their compatriots in Palestine [Israel]. 14 Jul 1942