Official: Prime Minister: Personal Telegrams (copies).

Reference code: CHAR 20/45

Part of: CHAR 20
Next record: CHAR 20/46
Previous record: CHAR 20/44

Date: Nov 1941

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UKAT

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Physical: 1 bound file (138 folios)
Publication: Alternative format:
Original Reference: T 801 - T 900 Language:

Contained records

Reference Record Date
CHAR 20/45/1 Telegram from WSC to Minister of State, Middle East [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos] "No view can be taken of the future until we know how this [Crusader, codename for major British operation in North Africa] goes. A battle is a veil through which it is not wise to peer". 11 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/2-4 Telegram from Stalin to WSC on need for Anglo-Soviet understandings on war aims and post-war objectives; queries publicity given to Soviet request for declaration of war on Finland, Hungary and Romania; adds that equipment shipments are arriving damaged. 13 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/5 Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC expressing gratitude for "tonic effect" of Mansion house speech [10 Nov 1941]. 11 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/6 Page 4 of CHAR 20/45/2-4. 13 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/7-8 Telegram from WSC to Viceroy and Governor-General of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun] deploring the release of Jawaharlal Nehru and the Satyagrahi prisoners; advises Cabinet will discuss matter later. 12 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/9 Telegram from WSC to Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Middle East [Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder] congratulating him on good effects of his attacks. 13 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/10-11 Telegram from the Viceroy and Governor-General of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun] to WSC hoping for Cabinet advice before debate goes ahead in Indian Parliament; with reply advising not possible. 13 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/12 Telegram from U Saw [Prime Minister of Burma] to WSC and Secretary of State for India and Burma [Leo Amery] requesting that Burmese affairs be handled by the Secretary of State for Dominions Affairs [Lord Cranborne, later 5th Lord Salisbury] as indication of dawning self-government. 11 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/13 Telegram from Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Middle East [Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder] to WSC thanking him for congratulations. 13 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/14-15 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East, "Are you satisfied that this [evacuation of Australians from Tobruk, Libya] will not interfere with Crusader" [codename for major British operation in North Africa]; with reply from Major-General Arthur Smith [Chief of General Staff, Middle East] advising that Auchinleck is satisfied. 14 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/16 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to WSC] requesting opinion of a critical report on British Army made by United States army advisers. 12 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/17 Telegram from WSC to Sir Walter Monckton "I am so glad you are safe". 14 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/18-19 Telegram from Viceroy and Governor-General of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun] to WSC justifying the release of the Satyagrahis. 15 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/20 Telegram from Fiorello LaGuardia [Mayor of New York City] to WSC inviting him to address, by radio, a conference of the heads of United States cities. 15 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/21-22 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] with a message of confidence from King George VI to all ranks participating in the coming battle [Crusader, codename for major British operation in North Africa]; includes Ministry of Defence note on copying the telegram. 15 Nov 1941 - 16 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/23 Telegram from Arthur Jenkins [Parliamentary Private Secretary to Clement Attlee, Lord Privy Seal] to WSC advising that he and the Lord Privy Seal will leave Lisbon [Portugal] on 17 Nov. 16 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/24 Telegram from WSC to James Forrestal [United States Under Secretary of Navy] thanking him for his letter. 15 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/25 Telegram from West African pilot, via Sir Bernard Bourdillon, Governor of Nigeria, to WSC requesting clarification of the Atlantic Charter and its application to coloured races in the Colonial Empire. 15 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/26 Telegram from Prime Minister of Polish Government and Commander-in-Chief, Polish Army [General Wladyslaw Sikorski] to WSC expressing confidence for coming battle in Middle East. 16 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/27 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] "We are immensely encouraged by your Neutrality Amendment". 18 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/28 Telegram from WSC to Minister, Middle East [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos] proposing that Sir John Singleton head an enquiry into delay caused by front axles of cruiser tanks; requests statement from Lyttelton. 18 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/29-30 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] advising that upon success of Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa] an operation could mounted to move 2 and a half divisions into Tunis [Tunisia], Algiers [Algeria] or Morocco at French invitation. 18 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/31 Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC on talks with Admiral Sir Tom Phillips [Commander-in-Chief, Eastern Fleet]; expresses doubts about capability of 2 separate fleets to combat superior Japanese fleet. 18 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/32 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC "no definite news of progress" of Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa]. 18 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/33 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] and Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder [Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC thanking King George VI for his message. 18 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/34 Telegram from Sir Walter Monckton to WSC thanking him for his message. 17 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/35 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] advising of a press blackout on all mention of offensive in Middle East and North Africa. 19 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/36 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander- in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC: "Presume you have read special information about flood disaster to enemy in Derna region [Libya]". 19 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/37 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander- in-Chief, Middle East] and Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder [Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC: Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa] satisfactory despite bad weather; they believe Field Marshal Erwin Rommel does not yet appreciate scale of operations. 19 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/38-39 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC reporting first impressions of enemy reaction to attack; communique on offensive released from Cairo [Egypt]. 19 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/40 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] requesting future releases to be made through London. 20 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/41-42 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] on state of offensive in Libya; essential to success to retain General Maxime Weygand [Governor-General of Algeria and Delegate-General of Vichy Government in French Africa], or not to have pro-German, as leader of Vichy France in Africa. 20 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/43 Telegram from the Minister of State, Middle East [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos] to WSC "will send you a report as soon as possible". 19 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/44 Telegram from WSC to General Wladyslaw Sikorski [Prime Minister of Polish Government and Commander-in-Chief, Polish Army] thanking him for his tribute to the British forces in the Middle East; praises Polish troops. 20 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/45-46 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC requesting that communiques should be issued in Middle East, not edited by London; with reply from WSC allowing release but complaining of inconvenience in dealing with press, Parliament and the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt. 20 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/47 Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC congratulating him on success in Libya; advises that Marshal Philippe Petain [Chief of French State] has removed General Maxime Weygand [Governor-General of Algeria and Delegate-General of Vichy Government in French Africa] and French High Military Command North Africa will be administered from Vichy potentially giving Germany diplomatic control. 21 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/48 Telegram from Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder [Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC: battle report; mentions Tobruk, Derna, Bardia [Libya], Malta and Benghazi. 21 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/49-50 Telegrams from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC: battle report; casualties, damage around Sidi Rezegh Capuzzo, Bir-El- Gobi, Bir-I-Cheim [Libya] and Sidi-Omar [Egypt]. 21 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/51-53 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] on encouraging start to operation Crusader in Libyan Desert:]; with copy. 22 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/54-55 Telegrams from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] thanking him for "very full information now flowing"; needs the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to put pressure on Vichy France not to surrender Bizerta [Tunisia] to Germany. 21 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/56-58 Telegram from WSC to Stalin agreeing to declare war on Finland if they do not break with the Axis in 2 weeks; if German-Italian Army defeated in desert will send Anthony Eden [Foreign Secretary, later 1st Lord Avon] to discuss progress of war and post-war peace settlement. 21 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/59 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] and Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder [Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Middle East] thanking them for encouraging news. 21 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/60-61 Telegram from [Alfred] Duff Cooper [Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, later 1st Lord Norwich] to WSC on discussions with Australian War Advisory Council; suggests Robert Menzies as next Commissioner-General with Sir George Sansom [Adviser to Far Eastern Mission, Ministry of Economic Warfare, Singapore] as second in command. 21 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/62-63 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC with Libyan Desert battle information on Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa]. 21 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/64 Copy of CHAR 20/45/59. 21 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/65-67 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC with detailed information on progress of battle and projected outcome. 22 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/68 Telegram from Government of Australia to WSC criticising the conduct of war and expressing dissatisfaction at changes in plan. 22 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/70 Telegram from Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder [Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Middle East] and Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander- in-Chief, Middle East] thanking him for his telegram. 22 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/71-72 Telegrams from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] sharing confidence in outcome of battle; message of encouragement for troops; warning about letting secret information fall into enemy hands. 23 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/73 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] forwarding battle information from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East]. 22 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/74 Telegram from WSC to Washington [? Lord Halifax, British Ambassador to the United States, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] promising to study his letter discreetly. 23 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/75-79 Telegrams from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC with latest battle information; with reply from WSC stressing need to capture Benghazi [Libya] to prevent enemy refuelling. 22 Nov 1941 - 23 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/80 Telegram from Major-General Arthur Smith [Chief of General Staff, Middle East] to WSC advising that Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] has gone to Eighth Army Headquarters. 23 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/81 Telegram from WSC to Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean [Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham] emphasising need to intercept enemy ships supplying Benghazi [Libya]. 23 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/82 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] reporting on progress of Libyan Desert battle, Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa]. 24 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/83 Telegram from WSC to Sir Walter Monckton [Director- General of British Propaganda and Information Services at Cairo, Egypt] on over-frequent references to United States tanks which may offend British manufacturers. 24 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/84 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] with details of extra units arriving at Suez [Egypt] for use in Libyan desert. 24 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/85 Telegram from Major-General Arthur Smith [Chief of General Staff, Middle East] to WSC advising Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] will report later. 24 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/86 Telegram from General Wladyslaw Sikorski [Prime Minister of Polish Government and Commander-in-Chief, Polish Army] to WSC praising the Allied force in their victory. 24 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/87 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC with detailed report on advance situation; General Alan Cunningham [General Officer Commanding-in-Chief 8th Army in Middle East] ordered to capture Sidi-Rezegh [Libya]. 24 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/88 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] congratulating him on fighting spirit; promises oil tankers. 25 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/89-91 Telegram from Stalin to WSC on declaration of war on Finland, Romania and Hungary; welcomes visit by Anthony Eden [Foreign Secretary, later 1st Lord Avon]. [1941]
CHAR 20/45/92-93 Telegram from Mackenzie King, Prime Minister of Canada, to WSC enquiring whether General Maxime Weygand's dismissal [as Governor-General of Algeria and Delegate-General of Vichy Government in French Africa] should end cordial relations with Vichy Government; expulsion of French legation from Canada and South Africa may damage French resistance. 24 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/94-96 Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC fearing Germany may now control French fleet and ports in North Africa overshadowing Syrian desert successes; fears developments in Caucasus which threaten oil supplies. 24 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/97-99 Telegram from the Minister of State, Middle East [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos] to WSC on decision to replace General Alan Cunningham [General Officer Commanding-in-Chief 8th Army in Middle East] with Major-General Neil Ritchie, favoured by Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East], Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder [Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Middle East] and Brigadier Eric Shearer; with approval from WSC. 25 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/100-103 Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC on proposals by the Japanese Ambassador [Kichisaburo Nomura]; for restoration of peace with China in return for petroleum from the United States and an end to sanctions; United States propose trade deal involving raw silk; suspects trouble will follow soon anyway; with reply from WSC expressing concern for China. 25 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/104-105 Telegram from WSC to the Viceroy and Governor-General of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun] with draft announcement of the release of the Satyagrahi movement prisoners. 27 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/106 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC with information on battle; pushing south to Michili-Benghazi- El-Ageila [Libya]; replacing General Alan Cunningham [General Officer Commanding-in-Chief 8th Army in Middle East] with Major-General Neil Ritchie. 26 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/107 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] enquiring about reserve tanks and resources remaining. 26 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/108 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC with text of message of encouragement issued to the troops. 26 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/109 Telegram from WSC to [Alfred] Duff Cooper [Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, later 1st Lord Norwich] asking him to explain his lack of confidence in Air Chief Marshal Sir Robert Brooke-Popham [former Commander-in-Chief, Far East] to the Commonwealth Government; annotated not sent. 26 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/110 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander- in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC on battle in Libyan Desert, [Crusader, codename for major British operation in North Africa]. 26 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/111 Telegram from WSC to Commander Force K congratulating him on success in Malta. 27 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/112-113 Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC introducing William Bullitt, to be Roosevelt's personal representative in the Near East; with acknowledgement from WSC. 26 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/114 Telegram from Lord Halifax [British Ambassador to the United States, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] to WSC with information about William Bullitt [Special representative of Franklin Roosevelt, President of the United States, in the Near East]. 27 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/115 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] suggesting he go to the front line. 27 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/116-118 Telegrams from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC with news of battle; New Zealanders joined with Tobruk garrison near El-Duda [Libya]; movements to relieve exhausted troops. 27 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/119 Telegram from Sir Walter Monckton [Director-General of British Propaganda and Information Services at Cairo, Egypt] to WSC promising to restore balance in praising British and United States tanks. 26 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/120-121 Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] answering criticism by Herbert Evatt, Australian Minister of External Affairs, at failure to declare war on Finland, Romania and Hungary; sympathises over loss of the Sydney. 28 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/122 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC with news of battle. 27 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/123 Telegram from WSC to the Minister of State, Middle East [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos] forwarding the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt]'s introduction of William Bullitt as Roosevelt's special representative in the Near East. 27 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/124-125 Telegram from the Viceroy and Governor-General of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun] to WSC rejecting his draft release of the Satyagrahi movement prisoners. [See CHAR 20/45/104-105]. 27 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/126 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander- in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC explaining why he chose Major- General Neil Ritchie to replace General Alan Cunningham as commander of the 8th Army instead of assuming command personally. 28 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/127-128 Telegram from WSC to Field Marshal Baron Carol Mannerheim [? Commander-in-Chief, Finnish armed forces] warning that the allies may be forced to declare war on Finland unless she ceases hostilities. 28 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/129-130 Telegrams from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC with news of battle; estimates of German and Italian tank strength; unloading of United States and Cruiser tanks. 28 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/131 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] explaining he wanted Auchinleck to visit the front not take command. 29 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/132 Telegram from WSC to Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the Bahamas [Duke of Windsor, earlier King Edward VIII and Edward, Prince of Wales] regretting personal attacks in the House of Commons on Windsor's visit to the United States and Canada. 28 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/133-134 Telegram from Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] to WSC justifying the Australian Government's difference in policy, e.g. over Finland. 29 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/135-137 Telegrams from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC with news of battle and statistics of prisoners; promises to maintain momentum; repulse of advance by Field Marshal Erwin Rommel. 29 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/45/138 Old file cover and list of reference figures. Nov 1941