Official: Prime Minister: Personal Telegrams (copies).

Reference code: CHAR 20/44

Part of: CHAR 20
Next record: CHAR 20/45
Previous record: CHAR 20/43

Date: Oct 1941 - Nov 1941

Scope/content:

Keywords

UKAT

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Open

Physical: 1 bound file (141 folios)
Publication: Alternative format:
Original Reference: T 701 - T 800 Language:

Contained records

Reference Record Date
CHAR 20/44/1 Filing note. 14 Mar 1951
CHAR 20/44/2 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East]: will send Air Chief Marshal Sir Wilfrid Freeman to Cairo [Egypt] to assess likely extent of enemy action; encloses telegram [reference T699] from Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] expressing concern about air support in Middle East campaign. 15 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/3 Telegram from Sir Walter Citrine [General Secretary of the Trades Union Congress and President of the International Federation of Trade Unions] to WSC on arrangements for Soviet Trade Union delegation to travel from Archangel [Soviet Union] to Britain. 14 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/4 Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] reassuring him that delay in attack is result of gathering full air and tank strength. 15 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/5 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander- in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC explaining that relief of Australian troops in Tobruk [Libya] started, but that operation Cultivator will not impede operation Crusader [codename for major British North African operation]. 15 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/6 Telegram from [Prime Minister of Australia, John Curtin] to WSC refusing to reverse request for evacuation from Tobruk [Libya]. 16 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/7 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander- in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC on shortages of artillery troops. 16 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/8-9 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] asking what factors could impede progress of operation Crusader [codename or major British North African operation]. 17 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/10 Telegram from Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] urging that re-disposition of first class units to eastern hemisphere will include a modern capital ship to deter Japan. 17 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/11 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander- in-Chief, Middle East, to WSC promising to supply dates for Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa]. 17 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/12 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander- in-Chief, Middle East, to WSC welcoming Air Chief Marshal Sir Wilfrid Freeman's visit; threats to Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa] include air reinforcements for enemy in Libya; suggests sending reassurance to New Zealand. 17 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/13-15 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] on the impossibility of explaining how the British Middle East Armies have had to stand for four and a half months without engaging the enemy while the Soviet Union is being battered to pieces; also has informed the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] of date of campaign via the Lord Privy Seal [Clement Attlee] and asked for extra United States troops for future relief of British forces in Northern Ireland. 18 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/16 Telegram from WSC to the Minister of State, Middle East [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos] asking for explanation of delays to Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa]. 18 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/17-19 Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC on distribution of wheat on international basis, with implications for post-war Europe. [First page of telegram at folio 19; see also CHAR 20/43/100-104 ]. 18 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/20-23 Telegram from the Prime Minister of Australia, John Curtin, to WSC on necessity of greater petrol stock as rationing is interfering with war effort, also escalation of activity in Far East. 18 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/24 Telegram from WSC to Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt] expressing concern about health of Averell Harriman. 19 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/25 Telegram from the Minister of State, Middle East [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos] to WSC advising that a senior officer will return to Britain with full details of plans; will make General Sir Robert Haining chairman of committee in Middle East dealing with United States aid. 18 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/26 Telegram from the Minister of State, Middle East [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos] to WSC advising that Commanders-in-Chief feel he lacks confidence in them; delays due to modifications being made to tanks. 19 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/27 Telegram from WSC to the Minister of State, Middle East [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos] enquiring about tanks and arrival of Brigadier John Whiteley for debriefing. 20 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/28 Telegram from WSC to Sir Francis Wylie, [British Minister to Afghanistan] asking him to be less verbose. 19 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/29 Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of South Africa [General Jan Smuts] on alterations to transportation of troops by United States ships through British waters do as not to prejudice revision of the United States Neutrality Act; will soon have squadron of battleships in Indian Ocean. 19 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/30-31 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander- in-Chief, Middle East, to WSC advising on Brigadier John Whiteley's departure; "I cannot accept that any important changes have been made in plans agreed upon without warning or reason" and on the date for [Crusader, codename for major British operation in North Africa]. 18 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/32 Telegram from WSC to Washington [? Lord Halifax, British Ambassador to the United States, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] asking for wireless valves. 18 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/33 Telegram from the Minister of State, Middle East [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos] to WSC replying to CHAR 20/44/27 on modifications to tanks and Brigadier John Whiteley's arrival in Britain. 20 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/34-35 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East, accepting new dates for campaign [Crusader, codename for major British operation in North Africa], querying unloading times taken and comparisons with enemy divisions. 21 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/36 Telegram from Averell Harriman to WSC on United States opinion on the war. 21 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/37 Telegram from WSC to Minister of State, Middle East [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos] complaining about delays in unloading tanks and proceeding with operations; Air Chief Marshal Sir Wilfrid Freeman has corrected the alarmist view of Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder [Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Middle East] on enemy air superiority. 21 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/38 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East, to WSC on letter dated 16 Oct "Have full confidence in him" [? Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder, Air Officer Commanding in Chief, Middle East]. 21 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/39 Telegram from WSC to 4th Lord Harlech [British High Commissioner in South Africa, earlier William Ormsby-Gore] thanking him for his letter. 22 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/40 Telegram from Lord Halifax [British Ambassador to the United States, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] to WSC on Averell Harriman's improved health. 21 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/41 Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] on eventual anticipated improvements in petrol stocks when United States tankers become available. 22 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/43-44 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC on delays to utilisation of tanks; Brigadier John Whiteley can give accurate figures on enemy strength. 23 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/45 Telegram from the Minister of State, Middle East [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos] to WSC advising that War Office did know about essential alterations to tank axles; Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder [Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Middle East] and Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] feel their competence questioned, especially over Tedder's "misleading figures", seek reassurance. 23 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/46-48 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] advising that he will support Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder [Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Middle East] and Auchinleck should commence attack; proceed to Tripoli [Libya] if possible; Soviets are holding Moscow [Soviet Union] and "winter is near. This is the moment for us to strike hard"; includes envelope. 24 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/49 Telegram from WSC to Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder [Air Officer Commanding in Chief, Middle East] wishing him all success in the battle. 24 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/50-52 Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] with comparisons of enemy and allied strength, agreed by Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder [Air Officer Commanding in Chief, Middle East] and Air Chief Marshal Sir Wilfrid Freeman, anticipating large scale offensive. 24 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/53-54 Telegrams from the British High Commissioner in South Africa [4th Lord Harlech, earlier William Ormsby-Gore] and General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC regarding troubled Soviet front and importance to morale of advance in Libya; Smuts suggests large scale bombing offensive on Germany would "impress world opinion". 23 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/55 Telegram from the Minister of State, Middle East [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos] to WSC thanking him for his encouraging words to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East]. 23 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/56 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck to WSC thanking him for his decision [? not to remove Air Vice-Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder, Air Officer Commanding in Chief, Middle East]. 24 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/57 Telegram from Mackenzie King [Prime Minister of Canada] to WSC on discussion with Sir Earle Page [Special Australian Envoy to British War Cabinet] who plans to make representations on behalf of Australia's position in the Far East; also Mackenzie King will visit the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt]. 25 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/58 Telegram from Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] to WSC thanking him for his telegram. 25 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/59 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] "State precisely details of diversion of effort and resources from Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa] to which you refer". 25 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/60 Telegram from Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder [Air Officer Commanding in Chief, Middle East] to WSC expressing confidence in assisting the army offensive. 25 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/61 Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] advising that evacuation of Tobruk [Libya] has begun; doubts that Japan will attack until the Soviet Union falls; will send new battleship Prince of Wales to join Repulse in Indian Ocean. 25 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/62-68 Telegram from WSC to the Minister of State, Middle East [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos] for Commanders-in- Chief Committee Middle East advising against relying on German engagement in the Soviet Union; feels Whipcord [codename for a British plan for the invasion of Sicily] should proceed immediately relying on superiority of Allied air power, to link up with Mediterranean; Germany will be threatened in Europe and provoke resistance by Spain. 25 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/69 Telegram from WSC to Commanders-in-Chief, Middle East agreeing to proceed at the dark of the moon; command could be exercised from Malta as suggested by Lieutenant-General Harold Alexander [General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Southern Command]. 25 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/70 Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of Canada [Mackenzie King] welcoming Sir Earle Page [Special Australian Envoy to the British War Cabinet] to Britain on behalf of the War Cabinet. 26 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/71 Telegram from WSC to [Sir Stafford Cripps, British Ambassador to the Soviet Union] on transportation obstacles to sending British divisions to the Caucasus. 25 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/72 Telegram from WSC to Averell Harriman thanking him for his telegram. 26 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/73 Telegram from WSC to Washington [? Lord Halifax, British Ambassador to the United States, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin]: "Attlee [Clement Attlee, Lord Privy Seal] will tell you contents of my letter to the President" [Franklin Roosevelt, President of the United States]. 26 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/74 Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] reporting ships Latona and Hero attacked on way to relief of Tobruk [Libya], no Australians hurt but evacuation now postponed. 26 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/75 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] advising that discussions on Wheat Agreement are progressing. 27 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/76-77 Telegrams from WSC to [the Prime Minister of Australia, John Curtin] giving casualty figures for attacks on the ships Latona and Hero; and advising that WINCH series telegrams should be personal and confidential. 27 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/78 Telegram from John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] to WSC welcoming the privacy of the WINCH series of telegrams. 26 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/79 Telegram from Haile Selassie [Emperor of Ethiopia, earlier Abyssinia] to WSC thanking him for helping to secure peace for Ethiopia. 25 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/80-84 Telegram from Commanders-in-Chief to WSC on limiting campaigns to strategically essential goals, the defence of the Delta and Canal [? Nile Delta and Suez Canal, Egypt], Basra [Iraq] and the Caucasus and the Bastion of Taurus Range [Toros Daglari, Turkey]; Whipcord [codename for British plan for the invasion of Sicily] not essential, should defend Soviet oil-fields and occupy Bizerta [Tunisia] to secure control of Mediterranean. 27 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/85 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] praising his Navy Day Speech on 27 Oct 1941. 28 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/86 Telegram from the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] to WSC expressing concern at the attack befalling those relieving the Australians at Tobruk [Libya]. 28 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/87-91 Telegram from WSC to Sir Stafford Cripps [British Ambassador to the Soviet Union] arguing that the Soviet Union has caused her own predicament, and that help from the Allies can only take the form of supplies as the Soviet Union has no shortage of man-power, annotated by WSC. 28 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/92 Telegram from WSC to General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] explaining that the bombing campaign has been dispersed due to bad weather and inadequate navigational aids. 29 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/93-94 Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC thanking him for explaining the situation regarding 10lb mortar bomb cartridges; reassesses South African needs and transportation of supplies. [See CHAR 20/43/115-118 for WSC's telegram]. 28 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/95 Telegram from Clement Attlee [Lord Privy Seal, touring United States] to WSC on discussion with the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] on the neutrality act. 29 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/96 Telegram from [Alfred] Duff Cooper [Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, later 1st Lord Norwich] (Singapore) to WSC advising a full report is being sent via William Keswick. 29 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/97 Telegram from Lord Halifax [British Ambassador to the United States, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] to WSC with message from Averell Harriman hoping rumours of the resignation of 1st Lord Beaverbrook [Minister of Supply, earlier Max Aitken] will be publicly denied. 30 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/98-99 Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of New Zealand and Prime Minister of South Africa [Peter Fraser and General Jan Smuts] suggesting Japan will not enter war until the Soviet Union is decisively broken; advises battleship Prince of Wales will join Repulse in Indian Ocean. [Copy of CHAR 20/44/61]. 31 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/100-102 Telegrams from Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] to WSC on adverse medical reports on Australian evacuees from Tobruk [Libya], requests evacuation of remainder at next dark period; diplomatic efforts being made to deter Japan from aggression; with acknowledgement from WSC. 31 Oct 1941
CHAR 20/44/103 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] on shipment of new A.22 tanks called Churchills to be tested in the desert. 03 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/104 Telegram from Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] to WSC welcoming his news. 01 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/105 Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] on plans for the desert of Major-General Sir Thomas Blamey [Deputy Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] and visit by Sir Earle Page [Special Australian Envoy to British War Cabinet] to Britain. 02 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/106 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] advising that the Prince of Wales will be sent to act as a deterrent to Japan; commiserates with loss of life on the Reuben James. 01 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/107 Telegram from WSC to General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] introducing Admiral Sir Tom Phillips [Commander- in-Chief, Eastern Fleet], new commander of the Indian Ocean. 02 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/108 Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] on new battleship [? Prince of Wales] in the Indian Ocean. 03 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/109-112 Telegram from WSC to Stalin suggesting General Sir Archibald Wavell, Commander-in-Chief, India and Lieutenant- General Bernard Paget [Commander-in-Chief, South Eastern Command] visit the Soviet Union; will not declare war on Finland, Hungary and Romania; Prince of Wales active in Indian Ocean to pressurise Japan [first folio at 110]. 04 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/113 Telegram from the Prime Minister of South Africa [General Jan Smuts] to WSC welcoming Admiral Sir Tom Phillips [Commander-in-Chief, Eastern Fleet] to South Africa. 04 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/114 Telegram from Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek to WSC on Japanese preparations to attack China at Kunming; suggests once China has been defeated Japan will turn attention to the West so British and United States air force help now would decisively frustrate Japanese aggression. 02 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/115-116 Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC on urging him to encourage Franklin Roosevelt [President of the United States] into a declaration of war. 04 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/117 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] and General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] on Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek's plea for air support; suggests a joint ultimatum to Japan, but asks advice. 05 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/118 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East, on "arrival of A/T guns upon your front". 06 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/119 Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of Canada [Mackenzie King] on sending of Prince of Wales to join Repulse in the Indian Ocean, to contain Tirpitz. 05 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/120 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East, to WSC agreeing to testing of new Churchill tanks. 05 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/121 Telegram from WSC to Air Chief Marshal Sir Robert Brooke-Popham advising that he will be replaced as Commander-in-Chief, Far East by an army officer with up-to-date experience. 05 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/122 Telegram from General Wladyslaw Sikorski [Prime Minister, Polish Government and Commander-in-Chief, Polish Army] to WSC in admiration of the spirit of the people of Malta and Gibraltar during his visit. 05 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/123-124 Telegrams from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East, to WSC explaining operation [Crusader, major British operation in North Africa] postponed for 3 days due to need for training of South African division in desert warfare. 06 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/125 Telegram from Minister of State, Middle East [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos] to WSC explaining the reasons of Major- General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East], with which he personally disagrees, for delaying the attack [Crusader, major British operation in North Africa]. 06 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/126-127 Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC favouring aid for China against Japan, as this may encourage the United States into the war. 07 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/128 Telegram from Averell Harriman advising that Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to Franklin Roosevelt, President of the United States] has been admitted to hospital. 08 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/129 Telegram from Government of Australia to WSC enquiring about specifications for the replacement Speaker's Chair being made for the House of Commons. 08 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/130 Telegram from Air Chief Marshal Robert Brooke-Popham to WSC thanking him for advising that he will be replaced as Commander-in-Chief, Far East and accepting Baronetcy. 07 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/131 Telegram from WSC to Averell Harriman thanking him for new on Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to Franklin Roosevelt, President of the United States]. 08 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/132-133 Telegram from WSC to General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] declining to appeal to Franklin Roosevelt [President of the United States] to make declaration of war as this can only be made by Congress. 09 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/134-135 Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC on Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek's appeal for support; does not believe Japan will attack but will try to increase Lend-Lease assistance to China. 09 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/136 Telegram from Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to Franklin Roosevelt, President of the United States] to WSC advising that United States tank production has surpassed expectations so supply to Middle East will be increased. 08 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/137 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] informing him of destruction of 2 Axis convoys to Benghazi [Libya]. 09 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/138 Telegram from WSC to Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to Franklin Roosevelt, President of the United States] on his health. 09 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/139 Telegram from WSC to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek on provision of 3 squadrons under Major-General Claire Chennault [Commander of the United States Army Air Force Units in China] for China. 11 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/140 Telegram from the Minister of State, Middle East [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos] to WSC on Middle East: General Sir Archibald Wavell [Commander-in-Chief, India] is confident he could control Syrian desert with 2 armoured divisions so could tanks be diverted from Soviet front via India. 10 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/44/141 Old file cover. Nov 1941