Public and political: general correspondence.

Reference code: CHAR 2/110

Part of: CHAR 2
Next record: CHAR 2/111
Previous record: CHAR 2/109

Date: Jan 1920 - Aug 1920

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Contained records

Reference Record Date
CHAR 2/110/1-2 Letter from Walter Long [later Lord Long] (Admiralty) to WSC endorsing the idea of Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia, Poland and others combining in an offensive against the Bolsheviks. 24 Jan 1920
CHAR 2/110/3 Letter from [WSC] to Herbert Fisher reaffirming the view expressed in his speech in Sunderland that the Jews are predominant in the Bolshevik movement. Typescript copy. 25 Jan 1920
CHAR 2/110/4 Letter from WSC to [David Lloyd George] enclosing his response to the attack by Sir William Robertson Nicoll [see CHAR 2/110/6-15]. Copy in WSC's hand. 28 Jan 1920
CHAR 2/110/5 Piece of paper with "Mayfair 5346" on one side and "First half against intervention 2 half in favour of intervention" on the other. [1920]
CHAR 2/110/6-15 Letter from WSC (War Office) to Sir William Robertson Nicoll responding to an article in the British Weekly by stating: that the responsibility for military intervention in Russia lies with the Allied governments collectively and not with himself individually; that he has withdrawn British troops from Russia rather than added to them; that he did not attempt to prevent the Supreme Allied Council taking the decision to resume trade relations with Soviet Russia; that he did not press for the despatch of British troops to the Caucasus; that the Allies should have made a concerted effort to bring Finland, Estonia, Poland and Romania into the anti-Bolshevik struggle; that the Allies had the right to insist on reforms of the administrations of Alexander Kolchak and Alexander Denikin; that only Denikin is preventing the Bolsheviks doing great damage to British interests in the East. Signed typescript. Annotated: "not sent". [31] Jan 1920
CHAR 2/110/16 Note that 10th Lord Scarbrough talked to Sir Ian Hamilton on the telephone and Scarbrough was satisfied that all the necessary points were raised. [1920]
CHAR 2/110/17-18 Letter from Sir Ian Hamilton (1 Hyde Park Gardens, [London]) to WSC explaining the alterations and omissions he has made to his Gallipoli diary for publication and thanking him for his advice. Asks if WSC would like him to say anything in his address to the 9th Royal Scots regiment. 19 Feb 1920
CHAR 2/110/19 Summary of press comment on: the future of Constantinople [Turkey]; the Paisley by-election [Lanarkshire, Scotland]; the lack of effective leadership of the Parliamentary Labour Party and other evidence to support WSC's belief that they are not fit to govern; Cardinal Logue and Sinn Fein; the growing strength of Irish nationalism. 27 Feb 1920
CHAR 2/110/20 "Ex-service men and women. By W.S. Practical information and authoritative facts relating to the interests of all men and women who served in the Great War." Pro-government pamphlet covering pensions, training and resettlement. 1920
CHAR 2/110/21 Cutting from the Daily News: speech by George Lansbury describing his journey to Russia and his meeting with Lenin and attacking Government policy towards the Soviet Government. 22 Mar 1920
CHAR 2/110/22 Letter from David Lloyd George (10 Downing Street) to WSC asking whether he has any information which would explain the unauthorised reporting in the press of a private meeting of Liberal ministers held on 16 March. Signed typescript. 23 Mar 1920
CHAR 2/110/23-24 Letter from WSC (Mimizan, Landes, France) to David Lloyd George arguing that the full reporting in the Times of a private meeting of Liberal ministers can only have resulted from a treacherous breach of confidence. Typescript copy. 29 Mar 1920
CHAR 2/110/25-26 Letter from Sir George Arthur (23, the Boltons, [London]) to WSC thanking him for what he wrote about his chief and recalling that Lord Kitchener did not want to break off the attack on the Dardanelles [Turkey] because he believed that any semblance of a victory by eastern peoples over western ones would lead to trouble. 26 Apr [1920]
CHAR 2/110/27 Note that a document should be shown to the Prime Minister [David Lloyd George]. 05 May [1920]
CHAR 2/110/28 Letter from William Robertson (St Margaret's Works, Dunfermline, [Fifeshire, Scotland] to WSC (War Office) enclosing and commenting on the resolution from the East Fife Liberal Association which was defeated at the meeting of the Scottish Liberal Federation [see CHAR 2/110/29]. 01 May 1920
CHAR 2/110/29 Resolution from the East Fife Liberal Association calling on the Scottish Liberal Federation to oppose the fusion of Liberal and Unionist Associations. Sent with CHAR 2/110/28. [Apr] [1920]
CHAR 2/110/30 Letter from WSC to the First Lord of the Admiralty [Walter Long, later Lord Long] on the plan to erect a memorial to the Royal Naval Division near the Admiralty building. Typescript copy. 08 May 1920
CHAR 2/110/31 Letter from 1st Lord Birkenhead [earlier F E Smith], (House of Lords) to WSC on his wish for a public mark of recognition by Lloyd George of his work as leading Government spokesman in the House of Lords. 17 May 1920
CHAR 2/110/32 Letter from [WSC] to the French Ambassador asking for a letter to help Blanche, Lady Hozier through customs when she goes to Dieppe [France]. Typescript copy. 17 May 1920
CHAR 2/110/33 Letter from 2nd Lord Esher [earlier Reginald Brett] (Roman Camp, Callander, [Perthshire, Scotland]) to WSC arguing, having read Sir Ian Hamilton's Gallipoli Diary, that had Vice-Admiral Sir John Keyes [later Lord Keyes] been in charge Constantinople [Turkey] would have been taken in 1915. Laments the apparent return to pre-war methods of naval and military organisation and argues that the factors which saved the country during the war were the readiness of the fleet in 1914, the Naval Division at Antwerp [Belgium] and Lord Kitchener's armies. 23 May 1920
CHAR 2/110/34 Letter from [WSC] to Sir Ian Hamilton thanking him for sending a copy of [Hamilton's Gallipoli diary], noting the good reviews it has received, and approving Hamilton's answer to Sir John Maxwell. Typescript copy. 29 May 1920
CHAR 2/110/35-36 Letter from [WSC] to 2nd Lord Esher [earlier Reginald Brett] arguing that the Antwerp expedition had an important effect on where the western front line was established and condemning the "criminal blindness" which prevented the naval and military authorities uniting to make the Dardanelles campaign a success. Argues that the assembly of any sort of army at all to meet Britain's post-war commitments was a notable achievement. Typescript copy. 07 Jun 1920
CHAR 2/110/37 Cutting from the Daily Mail: article by Lovat Fraser criticising government policy in Mesopotamia [Iraq], in particular WSC's role. 07 Jun 1920
CHAR 2/110/38 Letter from [WSC] to Sir Henry Japp declining to send him a letter [? for publication] because of [? WSC's lack of sufficient engineering knowledge]. Typescript copy. 14 Jun 1920
CHAR 2/110/39 Note from Walter Long [later Lord Long] (10 Downing Street) to WSC thanking him for a helpful article on Ireland. 14 Jun 1920
CHAR 2/110/40 Letter from Sir William Sutherland (10 Downing Street) to WSC enclosing a copy of a letter from him to Frederick Guest on Liberal organisation in Scotland and the scope for increased Liberal representation there [see CHAR 2/110/41-47]. 20 Jun 1920
CHAR 2/110/41-47 Letter from Sir William Sutherland (12 Downing Street) to Frederick Guest on Liberal organisation in Scotland and the scope for agreements with the Coalition Unionists for increased Liberal representation there. Includes analyses of a number of constituencies. Copy sent with CHAR 2/110/40. 04 Jun 1920
CHAR 2/110/48 Letter from Sir John Simon (House of Commons) praising his speech [in the House of Commons defending his decision to keep ceremonial dress for the Guards and the Household Cavalry], promising to praise WSC's appliance of science to war when he gets the chance but adding that he (Simon) "must keep banging away until you meet us on present day needs.". 23 Jun 1920
CHAR 2/110/49 Letter from 1st Lord Birkenhead [earlier F E Smith] (House of Lords) to WSC suggesting that WSC write to Lord Curzon suggesting that Birkenhead speak on the Amritsar Massacre. 25 Jun 1920
CHAR 2/110/50 Letter from WSC (War Office) to 1st Lord Birkenhead [earlier F E Smith] suggesting he get [David Lloyd George] rather than WSC to suggest to Lord Curzon that Birkenhead speak on the Amritsar Massacre. Copy in the hand of Edward Marsh. 25 Jun 1920
CHAR 2/110/51-53 Letter from Herbert Fisher (Board of Education) to WSC arguing that the proscription of Sinn Fein was a mistake and that only incitements to illegal actions should be punished, not the mere expression of Irish republican opinions. 30 Jun 1920
CHAR 2/110/54 Letter from Lord Morley of Blackburn [earlier John Morley] (Flowermead, Princes Road, Wimbledon Park, [London]) to WSC thanking him for some papers relating to East Africa and regretting that the public perception of WSC's policies at the War Office should be inaccurate. 30 Jun 1920
CHAR 2/110/55 Letter from WSC (War Office) to Andrew Bonar Law on whether or not he (WSC) should take part in the debate on the censure of General Reginald Dyer over the Amritsar Massacre [India]. Copy in the hand of Edward Marsh. 02 Jul 1920
CHAR 2/110/56 Letter from [Joseph] Austen Chamberlain (9 Egerton Place [London]) to WSC, passing on a remark by his brother [Arthur] Neville Chamberlain, that WSC was by far the most interesting speaker in the House of Commons, adding that Neville was an independent thinker and a cool judge, not likely to be swept off his feet. Chamberlain explains that he and WSC had a good deal of harsh and unfair criticism to put up with, and he thought that WSC might like to hear words of appreciation from a good judge, just as it was a pleasure to him to repeat them. Signed manuscript. 02 Jul 1920
CHAR 2/110/57 Letter from Andrew Bonar Law (11 Downing Street) to WSC on WSC's letter [on what his role should be in the debate on the censure of General Reginald Dyer after the Amritsar Massacre]. 03 Jul 1920
CHAR 2/110/58 Letter from WSC (War Office) to Austen Chamberlain thanking him for his letter, regretting the attacks which are being made on Chamberlain but pointing out that the whole Cabinet endorsed his policy. 05 Jul 1920
CHAR 2/110/59 Letter from Andrew Bonar Law (House of Commons) to WSC on the speeches by Sir Edward Carson [later Lord Carson], Edwin Montagu and WSC [in the debate on the censure of General Reginald Dyer after the Amritsar Massacre [India]]. 07 Jul 1920
CHAR 2/110/60 Letter from James Baum, secretary of the Leicester and District Trades Council (11 Briton Street, [Leicester]), to WSC conveying the resolution of the Council condemning WSC's alleged secret agreement with Alexander Kolchak for the supply of troops against Soviet Russia and calling for the removal of WSC from the War Office. Typescript copy. [Jul] [1920]
CHAR 2/110/61-64 Letter from WSC to [J H Baum of the Leicester and District Trades Council] answering the resolution of the Council condemning WSC's alleged secret agreement with Alexander Kolchak for the supply of troops against Soviet Russia, deploring the "continued contempt for public opinion" of the House of Commons with regard to this matter, and calling for the removal of WSC from the War Office. Typescript copy. 22 Jul 1920
CHAR 2/110/65-66 Letter from James Baum, secretary of the Leicester and District Trades Council, 11 Briton Street, [Leicester]) to WSC accusing him of agreeing secretly with Lieutenant-General Nikolai Golovin, Alexander Kolchak's agent, to provide British troops for the war against Soviet Russia under the pretext of evacuating North Russia. Typescript copy. Original at CHAR 2/110/89-91. 31 Jul 1920
CHAR 2/110/67-68 Letter from [WSC] to [James Baum of the Leicester and District Trades Council] informing him that he has arranged for the Blue Book on the evacuation of North Russia to be sent to the Council and pointing out that his conversation with Lieutenant-General Nikolai Golovin had no bearing on the events it describes. Repeats the point that the Parliamentary Labour Party have not taken the opportunities afforded them to criticise the Government's Russian policy in Parliament and points out that the Bolsheviks have invaded Poland, are trying to stir up war in Persia, Afghanistan and India, and are oppressing their own people. Typescript copy. First draft at CHAR 2/110/105-109. Another copy at CHAR 2/110/110-112. 05 Aug 1920
CHAR 2/110/69-71 Letter from James Baum, secretary of the Leicester and District Trades Council (11 Briton Street, [Leicester]) to WSC asserting that: the Blue Book on the evacuation on North Russia confirms the Council's belief that WSC had secretly agreed to provide troops for the war against Soviet Russia; that the Parliamentary Labour Party tried to get WSC's actions debated on 6 July but were refused permission; that Poland, with British support, was the original aggressor in its struggle with Soviet Russia; that WSC's "secret and subtle ways" are a cause of the grave world situation. Typescript copy. Original at CHAR 2/110/128-129. 12 Aug 1920
CHAR 2/110/72-74 Letter from [WSC] to [James Baum, secretary of the Leicester and District Trades Council] answering the Council's accusations about his involvement in the provision of military help in the war against Soviet Russia. Typescript copy. Other drafts and copies at CHAR 2/110/130-145. 19 Aug 1920
CHAR 2/110/75 Letter from [WSC] to General Sir Ian Hamilton thanking him for a copy of his letter advocating the arming of Germany against the Bolsheviks [see CHAR 2/110/77]. Typescript copy. 21 Jul 1920
CHAR 2/110/76 Letter from General Sir Ian Hamilton to WSC congratulating him on the way in which the confrontation between Poland and the Bolsheviks is developing and enclosing a copy of a letter from him to the Times advocating the arming of Germany against the Bolsheviks which he decided not to send [see CHAR 2/110/77]. 20 Jul 1920
CHAR 2/110/77 Letter from General Sir Ian Hamilton to [the editor of the Times] advocating the arming of Germany against the Bolsheviks. Copy sent with CHAR 2/110/76. 20 Jul 1920
CHAR 2/110/78 Letter from Lord French [earlier Sir John French, later Lord Ypres] to WSC praising the speeches on Irish affairs of WSC, Major-General Hugh Tudor and 1st Lord Birkenhead [earlier F E Smith] and reporting that he has written to [David Lloyd George] urging him to consider more drastic measures. 27 Jul 1920
CHAR 2/110/79-81 Letter from [WSC] to the secretary of the Leicester and District Trades Council asserting that whilst the Parliamentary Labour Party allow their supporters in the country to make violent attacks on WSC's Russian policy, they know that they could not sustain such attacks in the House of Commons. Typescript copy. 28 Jul 1920
CHAR 2/110/82-84 Letter from [WSC] to Lord Northcliffe [earlier Sir Alfred Harmsworth] complaining of the criticism in the Times [see CHAR 2/110/85] of his writing an article on the Bolshevik threat to Poland in another of Northcliffe's papers, the Evening News. Typescript copy. 29 Jul 1920
CHAR 2/110/85 Cutting from the Times: leading article agreeing with WSC about the gravity of the Bolshevik threat to Poland but asserting that his publishing in a newspaper [the Evening News] of a call to re-arm Germany is constitutionally improper. Another copy sent with the original of CHAR 2/110/82-84. 29 Jul 1920
CHAR 2/110/86-88 Letter from Lord French [earlier Sir John French, later Lord Ypres] to WSC on the grave security situation in Ireland and French's belief that it can only be remedied by force. 30 Jul 1920
CHAR 2/110/89-91 Original of CHAR 2/110/65-66. 31 Jul 1920
CHAR 2/110/92 Letter from Lord Northcliffe [earlier Sir Alfred Harmsworth] (Elmwood, St Peter-in-Thanet, Kent) to WSC reporting that he has sent WSC's letter [complaining about being criticised for writing an article in the Evening News on the Bolshevik threat to Poland] to the Times. 31 Jul 1920
CHAR 2/110/93-94 Letter from Henry Wickham Steed (The Times) to WSC explaining why his paper criticised WSC's article in the "Evening News" calling for the arming of Germany against Bolshevism as a departure from the principle of Cabinet responsibility. 01 Aug 1920
CHAR 2/110/95-101 Letter from [WSC] to [Henry Wickham Steed] denying the contention by the Times that WSC's article in the Evening News on the Bolshevik threat and the need to arm Germany against it departed from the principle of Cabinet responsibility. Typescript copy. 02 Aug 1920
CHAR 2/110/102 Letter from Henry Wickham Steed (The Times) to WSC (War Office) acknowledging receipt of CHAR 2/110/95-101. 02 Aug 1920
CHAR 2/110/103 Letter from [Edward Marsh] (War Office) to William Loftus Hare on the interpretation of WSC's references to Germany and attacking the "crude travesties and perversions" that are appearing in the "Westminster Gazette". Typescript copy. Another copy, without the paragraph attacking the "Westminster Gazette", at CHAR 2/110/104. 03 Aug 1920
CHAR 2/110/104 Another copy of CHAR 2/110/103, without the paragraph attacking the Westminster Gazette. 03 Aug 1920
CHAR 2/110/105-109 First draft of CHAR 2/110/67-68. 03 Aug 1920
CHAR 2/110/110-112 Another copy of CHAR 2/110/67-68. 05 Aug 1920
CHAR 2/110/113 Letter from WSC to [David Lloyd George] enclosing notes about Joseph Chamberlain [see CHAR 2/110/114-125]. Copy in WSC's hand. 11 Aug 1920
CHAR 2/110/114-125 Notes by WSC about Joseph Chamberlain. Sent with CHAR 2/110/113. 11 Aug 1920
CHAR 2/110/126 Letter from Edward Shortt (Home Office) to WSC returning a copy of a telegram referring to a delegation of Russian trade unionists [see CHAR 2/110/127] and discussing how and whether they should be allowed to enter Britain. 12 Aug 1920
CHAR 2/110/127 Copy of a telegram from Mr Leslie (Reval, [Tallinn, Estonia]) reporting that a delegation of Russian trade unionists intends to visit Britain to meet their British counterparts. Annotated by WSC: "Home Secretary. Are these men allowed to come?". 11 Aug 1920
CHAR 2/110/128-129 Original of CHAR 2/110/69-71. 12 Aug 1920
CHAR 2/110/130-145 Other drafts and copies of CHAR 2/110/72-74. 18 Aug 1920 - 19 Aug 1920
CHAR 2/110/146 Letter from Captain H K A Evans of the 4th Hussars (the Small Arms School, Hythe, Kent) to [Edward Marsh] regretting but understanding the inability of WSC to write a preface to Evans's history of the 4th Hussars and stating that Major-General Sir Tom Bridges was not connected to the regiment for long enough to be asked to write it. 22 Aug [1920]
CHAR 2/110/147-149 Preface [?by WSC] to Captain H K A Evans's history of the 4th Hussars discussing the role of the cavalry on the Western Front. Another copy at CHAR 2/110/150-152. Aug 1920
CHAR 2/110/150-152 Another copy of CHAR 2/110/147-149. Aug 1920
CHAR 2/110/153-156 Letter from Sir Ian Hamilton (1 Hyde Park Gardens, [London]) to WSC expressing disappointment at the report of Commodore Francis Mitchell's committee on the Dardanelles defences. Criticises the credentials of the committee's military members, whose attitude prevented the committee from giving sufficient weight to the good evidence that a purely naval attack would have succeeded at an early stage in the campaign. 24 Aug 1920
CHAR 2/110/157-163 Letter from [WSC] to David Lloyd George on: Lloyd George's firm message about the Lord Mayor of Cork [Terence McSwiney, then in gaol]; the means by which Lloyd George might better communicate his views from Lucerne [Switzerland]; Lloyd George's ultimatum to the Bolsheviks over Poland and the changed situation following the battle of Warsaw; the need to expel Lev Kamenev and Leonid Krassin from Britain and to publish the telegrams exposing their treacherous conduct; the impossibility of Britain having proper trade relations with Bolshevik Russia; the impracticality from a military point of view of Lord Milner's [earlier Sir Alfred Milner] proposals on Egypt; the return of troops from Ireland and Germany to deal with a possible miners' strike; the despatch of additional troops and air squadrons to quell the revolt in Mesopotamia [Iraq]. Hopes Lloyd George is getting sunshine and complains of the poor weather in England. Typescript copy. 26 Aug 1920
CHAR 2/110/164 Letter from Alexander Maxwell (Home Office) to [Edward Marsh] reporting that the Foreign Office has decided that the Russian labour delegation should not be allowed to come to Britain. 27 Aug 1920
CHAR 2/110/165 Copy of a telegram from Sir Mansfeldt Findlay (Christiana, Norway) reporting the protests by Norwegian labour organisations against the refusal of the Norwegian government to allow a Russian labour delegation to travel through Norway to Denmark and Britain. Annotated by WSC: "Home Secretary. Are these people coming by your permission? Is it all right?" (26 Aug). 25 Aug 1920 - 26 Aug 1920
CHAR 2/110/166 Letter from James Baum, secretary of the Leicester and District Trades Council (11 Briton Street, [Leicester]) to WSC asserting that WSC's policy of war against Soviet Russia has been "deliberately camouflaged" by WSC, his colleagues and the press and that most people in Britain oppose it. 27 Aug 1920
CHAR 2/110/167 Cutting from the Morning Post on the reasons why the United States government cannot recognise a Bolshevik government of Russia. 13 Aug 1920
CHAR 2/110/168 Extract from a speech by WSC as the guest of the Aldwych Club justifying the help being given by Britain to the anti-Bolshevik forces in Russia but stating that this cannot extend to the compulsory despatch of troops. 11 Apr 1920
CHAR 2/110/169-170 Letter from H Lawton, the editor of the Daily Graphic (Tallis Street, Whitefriars, [London]) to WSC (2 Sussex Square) enclosing a leading article by him on the Lord Mayor of Cork [Terence McSwiney] and arguing that his death would be the responsibility of the Government. 30 Aug 1920
CHAR 2/110/171 Leading article from the Daily Graphic arguing that the death in gaol of Terence McSwiney, the Lord Mayor of Cork, would be the Government's responsibility, as McSwiney is no longer in his right mind and should therefore by released. Sent with CHAR 2/110/169-170. [Aug] [1920]