Official: Admiralty: Correspondence.

Reference code: CHAR 13/46

Part of: CHAR 13
Next record: CHAR 13/47
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Date: 01 Jan 1915 - 31 Jan 1915

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Physical: 1 bound file (93 folios)
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Reference Record Date
CHAR 13/46/1 Letter from Herbert Asquith [Prime Minister, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], acknowledging receipt of WSC's memorandum on the need to secure naval control of the Baltic, and asking WSC to prepare detailed plans. 01 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/2 Letter from Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War, to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], asking if he had seen a telegram from Sir George Buchanan [British Ambassador to Russia], on the Russians and the Turks. Kitchener asks if any naval actions would be possible to prevent the Turks sending more men into the Caucasus. 02 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/3-4 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord, on naval support for the army off the Belgian coast and also in the Dardanelles. Includes covering note from WSC, asking for Fisher's remarks, and adding that they never seemed to settle anything. [Hand-written copy, signed by WSC]. 04 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/5 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Wilson, expressing his appreciation of the work Wilson was doing for the Admiralty, and asking if he wished to have his position regularised. [Hand-written copy]. 04 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/6 Envelope formerly containing correspondence between WSC and Admiral Sir John Jellicoe. Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/7-8 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the Commander-in-Chief, Grand Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe] on the need to rest the fleets and flotillas to conserve strength, and stressing the great importance of capturing the island of Borkum [Germany] to provide an overseas base for British submarines. WSC also comments on using "priceless information" [intercepted and decoded German naval signals; these comments were deleted before the letter was sent]. [Hand-written copy, with typed transcript]. 04 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/9 Letter from the Commander-in-Chief, Grand Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe] to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the difficulties in the proposed capture of the island of Borkum [Germany]. [Typed transcript; fuller original version at CHAR 13/46/24-25]. 08 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/10-11 Letter from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to the Commander-in-Chief, Grand Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], on the proposed capture of the island of "Sylt" [Borkum, Germany] for use as a submarine base, and on the value of submarines as a deterrent against German warships. [Typescript copy; fuller original version at CHAR 13/46/14, and fuller typescript version at CHAR 13/46/32-36.]. 11 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/12-13 Letter from the Commander-in-Chief, Grand Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the proposed capture of the island of "Sylt" [Borkum, Germany] for use as a submarine base, particularly the difficulties of holding it after its capture. [Typescript copy; fuller original version at CHAR 13/46/39-41]. 15 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/14 Letter from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to the Commander-in-Chief, Grand Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], on the proposed capture of the island of "Sylt" [Borkum, Germany] for use as a submarine base, and on the value of submarines as a deterrent against German warships. WSC also comments on the dismissal of Vice-Admiral Sir Lewis Bayly [from the 1st Battle Squadron], as he had "outraged every principle of prudence and good seamanship without the slightest military object" and praises the efficiency of senior officers in the Admiralty. [Hand-written copy, unsigned; partial typescript copy at CHAR 13/46/10-11, full copy at CHAR 13/46/32-36]. 11 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/15-17 Notes by [WSC and Edward Marsh, Private Secretary to WSC] on the proposed capture of the island of "Sylt" [Borkum, Germany] for use as a submarine base. [Hand-written copy, unsigned]. Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/18-23 Letter from George Trevelyan (Rome [Italy]) to Francis Acland [Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs] on Italy and the Balkans, including the views of Sir [James] Rennell Rodd [British Ambassador to Italy] on the chances of Italy going to war, the advantages of bringing in Italy and Romania as allies, the harshness of Austro-Hungarian rule in the Balkans and the necessity of keeping Serbia supplied with ammunition. Includes forwarding note from WSC. [Typescript copy]. 20 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/46/24-25 Letter from Admiral Sir John Jellicoe, Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet, to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on the difficulties in the proposed capture of the island of Borkum [Germany], and also on problems with laying minefields. [Hand-written, annotated by WSC for publication; partial typescript copy at CHAR 13/46/9]. 08 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/26 Letter from Charles de Broqueville, Belgian Minister of War, to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on a proposed joint operation to block ["bottle-up"] the port of Zeebrugge [Belgium], with copy of WSC's reply, asking the Belgians to send over an official familiar with the port, and suggesting a meeting between himself and de Broqueville. 09 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/27 Letter from Admiral Sir John Jellicoe, [Commander-in-Chief, Grand Fleet], to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on the character of Vice-Admiral Sir Lewis Bayly and his dismissal [from the 1st Battle Squadron]. 10 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/28-31 Letter from Walbrook and Hosken, Solicitors (London) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], asking if the Admiralty kept a record of copper seized or detained as contraband of war, as they were defending Walbrook and Company Limited, Printers, for alleged libel brought against them as printers of the Financial Mail by Henry R Merton and Company Limited. The letter explains that Merton and Company were "powerfully German", and asks if any copper belonging to the company or its sister companies had been seized. Includes notes between Edward Marsh [Private Secretary to WSC] and [? Frederick] Leverton Harris on copper which had been seized, or was detained at Gibraltar. 08 Jan 1915 - 11 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/32-36 Letter from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to the Commander-in-Chief, Grand Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], on the proposed capture of the island of "Sylt" [Borkum, Germany] for use as a submarine base, and on the value of submarines as a deterrent against German warships. WSC also comments on the dismissal of Vice-Admiral Sir Lewis Bayly [from the 1st Battle Squadron], as he had "outraged every principle of prudence and good seamanship without the slightest military object" and praises the efficiency of senior officers in the Admiralty. [Typescript copy; original version at CHAR 13/46/14]. 11 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/37 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the 2nd Sea Lord [Vice-Admiral Sir Frederick Hamilton], on British and German warship strengths, stating that Britain had a superiority of 28-20 and that there was no need for anxiety. [Annotated "not sent"]. 12 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/38 Letter from Sir Alan Johnstone [British Minister to the Netherlands] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], enclosing an extract from a letter sent by a relative in Weymouth [Dorset], on criticism of Vice-Admiral Sir Lewis Bayly by officers and men [of the 1st Battle Squadron], mainly over the loss of HMS Formidable. 13 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/39-41 Letter from the Commander-in-Chief, Grand Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the proposed capture of the island of "Sylt" [Borkum, Germany] for use as a submarine base, particularly the difficulties of holding it after its capture. Jellicoe also proposes the blockade of Zeebrugge [Belgium], stating that it would be a war of small craft and mines, and complains about his shortage of ships. [Edited by WSC for publication; partial typescript copy at CHAR 13/46/12-13]. 15 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/42 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Admiral Sir John Jellicoe [Commander-in-Chief, Grand Fleet], on the proposed attack on "Sylt" [Borkum, Germany] and on the construction of destroyers and mines. WSC also comments on his distress over Vice-Admiral Sir Lewis Bayly. [Hand-written copy]. 18 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/43 Letter from Percy Swaine (Montreal [Canada]) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on a scheme for east coast defence, stating with this plan, any enemy super-dreadnought could be sunk within 40 minutes of being sighted. 19 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/44 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], on the naval attack on the Dardanelles. WSC states that it would be desirable for an attack on Alexandretta [Iskenderun, Turkey] to be simultaneous, so that if the attack on the Dardanelles was a failure it could be presented as a mere demonstration to cover the seizure of Alexandretta. [Hand-written copy]. 20 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/45 Telegram from the French Ministry of Marine to Admiralty on naval operations in the Mediterranean, insisting that any such operations should be directed by the French. [Typescript copy]. 21 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/46 Letter from Admiral Sir John Jellicoe [Commander-in-Chief, Grand Fleet] to WSC, on Grand Fleet destroyer strength, and WSC's complaints that too many destroyers were away refuelling and refitting, explaining that in the first 3 months of the war the Battle Fleet steamed more than in whole years in peacetime. 21 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/47 Letter from Admiral Sir John Jellicoe [Commander-in-Chief, Grand Fleet] to WSC, agreeing to WSC's wish that he should take a rest during HMS Iron Duke's refit, and also on his concerns about an unrealistic order, and the safety of the fleet. 21 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/48 Letter from the 11th Duke of Bedford [earlier Lord Tavistock] (Woburn Abbey, Bedfordshire) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on the requisition of his steam yacht, Sapphire. Bedford explains why he had not offered the yacht voluntarily, particularly commenting on the Admiralty's decision to offer pecuniary and other advantages to owners offering their yachts, which appeared to be "obtaining money or glory by false pretences". He states that he had no desire to pose as a voluntary donor at the cost of the public, or to take credit for a munificent gift which was really a commercial advantage. 16 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/49-55 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], to the Prime Minister [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith], on his desire to have Admiral Sir John Jellicoe [Commander- in-Chief, Grand Fleet] in London for a few days, explaining that he felt difficulty in directing Jellicoe to leave the Fleet, comparing Jellicoe's personal command with that of an army in the field. [Typescript copy]. 22 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/56 Letter from Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary] to WSC, [First Lord of the Admiralty], on naval operations in the Mediterranean, promising to oppose the French stance [that any such operations should be prepared and planned by France], and commenting on a British naval success [in the North Sea]. 24 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/57 Letter from Alexandre Millerand, French Minister of War, to WSC, congratulating him on a British naval success [in the North Sea]. 29 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/58 Letter from Eva Pears (Longridge, Horsted Keynes [Sussex]) to (her distant cousin) Edward Marsh, [Private Secretary to WSC], asking for help in getting her son, Herbert Ronald Hardy, admitted to the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth [Devon]. 26 Jan [1915]
CHAR 13/46/59 Letter from Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary] to WSC, [First Lord of the Admiralty], on the Dogger Bank action [in the North Sea], expressing relief that all the British ships had returned, and hoping that WSC would kill the German lie about having sunk a British cruiser, by publicising the whole story of the action. 26 Jan [1915]
CHAR 13/46/60-61 Letter from Margaret [surname lost] (Richmond Road, Ealing [London]) to Edward Marsh [Private Secretary to WSC], recommending E H Smart for a commission in the Royal Naval Division, and attaching a recommendation from Albert Hillard, High Master of St Paul's School. 26 Jan [1915]
CHAR 13/46/62 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], on the transport of troops to the Dardanelles, particularly on Kitchener's decision to countermand the orders for the 29th division without informing him, and urging that a French division should be brought in as well. [Hand-written copy]. 27 Feb 1915
CHAR 13/46/63-64 Letter from WSC, [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], on the supply of explosives to France, particularly the War Office's veto on an exchange of materials between the Admiralty and the French. [Carbon]. 27 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/65-67 Letter from Lieutenant George Gordon, Army Service Corps, to Edward Marsh [Private Secretary to WSC], asking for a transfer to the Armoured Car Service. Includes a note from Captain Frederick Boothby stating that there were no vacancies. 28 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/68-69 Letter from Sir Thomas Esmonde, (Westborne Crescent, Hyde Park [London]) to Edward Marsh [Private Secretary to WSC], sending a cutting from the Daily News containing an account by his son, Midshipman John Esmonde, from HMS Invincible, of the battle of the Falklands. 28 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/70 Letter from George Berkeley to Edward Marsh [Private Secretary to WSC], offering his services as an Engineer. 28 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/71 Letter from Edward Marsh [Private Secretary to WSC] to Rear-Admiral William Baker-Baker, on Charles Patterson's application for the post of Accountant Officer, Royal Naval Reserve, with Baker's reply stating that he was over age and had no relevant experience. 29 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/72-76 Letter from Charles Patterson (Eglantine Avenue, Belfast [Northern Ireland]) to the Admiralty, applying for the post of Accountant Officer, Royal Naval Reserve, enclosing testimonials. 28 Nov 1914 - 27 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/77-78 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the 11th Duke of Bedford [earlier Lord Tavistock], on the Admiralty scheme of compensation for yacht owners voluntarily handing over their vessels for the Yacht Patrol. [Carbon]. 30 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/79-81 Letter from Admiral Reginald Bacon [Managing Director of the Coventry Ordnance Works] (Wappenbury Hall, Leamington [Warwickshire]) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], reporting on the trials of the 15-inch howitzer. 30 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/82-84 Letter from Victor Augagneur, French Minister of Marine to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on joint Anglo-French naval operations in the Mediterranean, including actions at Alexandretta [Iskenderun, Turkey], the Dardanelles, on the Syrian coast, and proposed land operations with French and British troops; also assuring WSC that the Austrian fleet would not leave the Adriatic. Includes forwarding note from WSC to Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary] and Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War] and a hand-written copy. 31 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/85 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], on the importance of ensuring silence and secrecy on cross-channel troop transports, and on the use of searchlights at defended ports. [Hand-written copy]. 31 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/86-91 Letter from Admiralty to Vice-Admiral Sir Lewis Bayly [1st Battle Squadron], on the loss of HMS Formidable, stating that Bayly's explanation was inadequate and unsatisfactory, and expressing their severe displeasure. Bayly is also criticised for his plan on the forcing of the Dardanelles and for his behaviour on his visits to the Admiralty. [Carbon]. Jan 1915
CHAR 13/46/92-93 Letter from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to the Grand Duke Nicholas [Russian Minister of War], on Russia's request for naval action against Turkey to relieve pressure in the Caucasus, detailing plans for forcing the passage of the Dardanelles. [2 Hand-written drafts]. Jan 1915