Official: Admiralty: Correspondence.

Reference code: CHAR 13/44

Part of: CHAR 13
Next record: CHAR 13/45
Previous record: CHAR 13/43

Date: 13 Aug 1914 - 31 Dec 1915

Scope/content:

[Found in Cabinet Office].

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Open

Physical: 1 bound file (137 folios)
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Contained records

Reference Record Date
CHAR 13/44/1 Letter from Count Albert Mensdorff [Austro-Hungarian Ambassador to Britain] to WSC, thanking him for placing a ship at his disposal for his return to Austria, commenting on his happy years in Britain and hoping that they would meet again in happier times. 13 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/44/2 Letter from Friedrich von Bulow, representative of the Krupp Works, to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on his arrest on a charge of espionage, asking to be released from his parole, and to be allowed to return to Germany. 16 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/44/3 Letter from Lord [Edgar] Robert Cecil [later 1st Lord Cecil of Chelwood] to WSC, on the Irish Question, asking if it would help if the Conservative Party gave an undertaking to keep the present Government in office until after the war. 06 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/44/4 Letter from WSC to Lord [Edgar] Robert Cecil [later 1st Lord Cecil of Chelwood], on the Irish Question, stating that he had discussed the matter with the Prime Minister, and that they felt that an undertaking by the Conservatives to keep the Government in office for the duration of the war was neither practicable nor desirable. WSC asks Cecil to consider the importance of the Irish Home Rule Bill as a military measure: "It is well worth while giving them their trophy, subject to proper conditions of postponement of operation and amendment". [Typescript copy]. 08 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/44/5-16 Letter from WSC to Sir Austen Chamberlain, on the Irish policy of the Conservative Party, criticising the Conservative policy as risking alienating Irish Nationalism all over the world and squandering forces vital to national safety. WSC also points out the differences in Liberal policy on Ireland and urges the importance of the Opposition supporting the Government in time of war. [3 typescript copies]. 12 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/44/17-18 Letter from Sir Austen Chamberlain, (9 Egerton Place [London]) to WSC, on the Irish policy of the Conservative Party, opposing the Home Rule Bill. Chamberlain regrets that he could not appear on a public platform with WSC or any other member of the Government, and that he had sent a telegram to the Lord Mayor of Birmingham, regretting that he was unable to attend a meeting to stimulate recruiting in the city. 12 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/44/19-20 Letter from Sir Austen Chamberlain (9, Egerton Place [London]) to WSC on the Irish policy of the Conservative Party in opposing the Home Rule Bill. He notes that the Conservative Party had proposed that discussion of the issue should be postponed until the end of the war, but have been forced to accept a proposal by the Prime Minister [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith]. Chamberlain welcomes the news that force is not to be used against the Ulstermen and notes that the [Conservative Party] "will do all we can to support the national defence and nothing to embarrass the government in the conduct of the war", contrasting this with the actions of the [Liberal Party during the Boer War]. Signed manuscript. 13 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/44/21 Letter from WSC to Sir Austen Chamberlain, stating that it would be madness for either party to start a quarrel with Irish nationalism in Britain, the Colonies and above all in the United States. [Hand-written copy]. 13 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/44/22-23 Letter from Sir Austen Chamberlain (9, Egerton Place [London]) to WSC (marked private) on Conservative opposition to the Irish Home Rule Bill. Chamberlain informs WSC that he has not sent WSC's letters to the press for publication and will not do so unless "obliged by events". He expresses strong disagreement with WSC's policy, saying that the United States would have approved postponing discussion of the issue for the duration of the war, but that now the Ulstermen are being sacrificed because of the need to pay "blackmail" to the National Volunteers and their "American paymasters". He ends by saying that WSC has failed to appreciate the importance of the issue of Home Rule and has destroyed "our [the Conservative Party's] belief in the honour of public men." [Manuscript signed by Chamberlain]. 14 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/44/24 Letter from WSC to Sir Austen Chamberlain, on Irish Home Rule, stating that compared to winning the war he did not care about Home Rule, but that he regarded it as a wise and hopeful policy: WSC also regrets that they could not understand each other's views on the subject. [Hand-written copy]. 14 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/44/25 Letter from Guglielmo Marconi (Grand Hotel, Rome) to WSC, praising his remarks to the Giornale d'Italia on Italy and the international situation. Marconi emphasises the friendship for Britain and France in Italy, commenting that German and Austrian flags could not be shown in any part of the country. 01 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/44/26-31 Memorandum recommending the establishment of complete and rigid control over the sale of all alcoholic drinks in munitions and transport areas. [Carbon]. 1914
CHAR 13/44/32-35 Letter from WSC to Herbert Asquith, Prime Minister [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith], on the need for special mechanical devices (including tanks) for taking trenches. [carbon]. 05 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/44/36 Letter from 1st Lord Haldane (Queen Anne's Gate, Westminster [London]) to WSC, on plans for army reorganisation. 18 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/44/37-39 Letter from Andrew Bonar Law [Leader of the Conservative Party] (Pembroke Lodge, Edwardes Square, Kensington [London]) to WSC, [First Lord of the Admiralty], on a complaint that the Admiralty were making inefficient use of merchant ships commandeered for war services. 12 Feb 1915
CHAR 13/44/40 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Andrew Bonar Law [Leader of the Conservative Party], on his complaint that the Admiralty were making inefficient use of requisitioned colliers. [Hand-written copy]. 15 Feb 1915
CHAR 13/44/41 Letter from Andrew Bonar Law [Leader of the Conservative Party] to WSC, [First Lord of the Admiralty], on his complaint that the Admiralty were making inefficient use of requisitioned merchant shipping. [Hand-written copy]. 17 Feb 1915
CHAR 13/44/42-51 Letter from Emery Walker, of Emery Walker Limited, Engravers, (Clifford's Inn, London) to WSC, sending copies of maps of Turkey, 1262-1400, by Sir Mark Sykes. 17 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/44/52 Envelope formerly containing correspondence between WSC and Sir Francis Hopwood [Additional Civil Lord, Admiralty, later 1st Lord Southborough]. 1915
CHAR 13/44/53 Note from Sir Francis Hopwood [Additional Civil Lord, Admiralty, later 1st Lord Southborough] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], commenting on a minute on the control of the sale of all alcoholic drinks in munitions and transport areas [see CHAR 13/44/26 - CHAR 13/44/31]. [Initialled by WSC]. 16 Apr 1915
CHAR 13/44/54-55 Note from Thomas Macnamara [Financial Secretary to the Admiralty] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], commenting on the impracticalities of a minute on controlling the sale of all alcoholic drinks in munitions and transport areas [see CHAR 13/44/26 - CHAR 13/43/31]. 16 Apr 1915
CHAR 13/44/56-57 Minute from Rear-Admiral Henry Oliver, Director of the Intelligence Division, Admiralty, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the case of Friedrich von Bulow, representative of the Krupp Works in Britain, who had been arrested on a charge of espionage and had appealed to WSC to be allowed to return to Germany [see CHAR 13/44/2]. Oliver states that Krupps maintained a system of espionage and that von Bulow was implicated in it, or knew about it; also that he had consulted Major Vernon Kell [Directorate of Military Intelligence, War Office] who strongly advised that von Bulow should not be allowed to return to Germany, and that he agreed with Kell that von Bulow should be held until harmless British subjects in Germany were released, or at least exchanged for a British prisoner. [Annotated with "Hold him WSC" and a note replying to von Bulow's appeal]. 18 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/44/58 Letter from Sir Francis Hopwood [Additional Civil Lord, Admiralty, later 1st Lord Southborough] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on the desirability of controlling alcohol sales in transport and munitions areas. [Initialled by WSC]. 03 May 1915
CHAR 13/44/59-61 Minute from Sir Francis Hopwood [Additional Civil Lord, Admiralty, later 1st Lord Southborough] to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on reports on the effect of excessive drinking. 06 Apr 1915
CHAR 13/44/62-63 Notes between James Masterton-Smith [Private Secretary to WSC] and Charles Walker [Principal Clerk, Admiralty], on the question of Russian decorations for submarine officers. 17 Nov 1914 - 21 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/44/64 Submission from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to King George V, reporting that the Emperor of Russia wished to confer the Order of St Vladimir (4th Class) on two British submarine commanders, Lieutenant-Commander Noel Laurence and Lieutenant-Commander Max Horton, for their skill in navigating their vessels into the Baltic, where they were now operating. WSC asks for the decorations to be approved, but not made public, to preserve secrecy. [Initialled by WSC and King George V]. 24 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/44/65-67 Notes between Ronald Campbell, Foreign Office, James Masterton-Smith [Private Secretary to WSC] and Charles Walker [Principal Clerk, Admiralty], reporting that the Russian Ambassador had been told that King George V had approved the award of Russian decorations to the two submarine captains in the Baltic, and had been informed of the need for secrecy. 21 Mar 1915 - 23 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/44/68 Cutting from the Italian newspaper Messagero, including an interview with Guglielmo Marconi by Rino Alessi, on support for Britain and France in Italy, and how and when Italy could cancel its declaration of neutrality. 25 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/44/69 Submission from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to King George V, reporting that Tsar Nicholas II of Russia wished to award decorations to Commander Max Horton and the crew of submarine E9, for sinking a German destroyer in the Baltic on 29 January [signed by WSC, and approved by the King]. 20 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/44/70 Envelope formerly containing correspondence between WSC and the Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe]. 1915
CHAR 13/44/71-72 Letter from Victor Augagneur, French Minister of Marine to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on collaboration between the two departments over naval operations, particularly thanking WSC for opening the ports of Malta and Gibraltar to the French, and promising close co-operation. 07 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/44/73-74 Draft letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Victor Augagneur [French Minister of Marine], on co-operation between the two departments, particularly on establishing personal communication between himself and Augagneur, and delaying a declaration of war against Austria until the French Fleet was in position at Malta, to help in the Adriatic. [Hand-written copy, unsigned]. 08 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/44/75 Letter from Manuel II, King of Portugal (Fulwell Park, Twickenham [Middlesex]) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on the political situation in Portugal, expressing frustration at his present "useless situation", and asking for an appointment to see WSC to discuss the situation. 11 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/44/76 Letter from Manuel II, King of Portugal (Fulwell Park, Twickenham, Middlesex) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] asking for help in finding employment, particularly with the Prince of Wales Relief Fund. 08 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/44/77-78 Letter from Manuel II, King of Portugal (Fulwell Park, [Twickenham, Middlesex]) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], enclosing a letter to the Prime Minister, Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] on the possibility of him working for the Prince of Wales Relief Fund. 18 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/44/79-80 Letter from the Marques Alfonso de Merry de Val [Spanish Ambassador to Britain] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on the export of coal from Britain to Spain, for the Spanish railways and navy. Includes note between Edward Marsh [Secretary to WSC] and Admiral Sir Edmond Slade. 11 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/44/81 Letter from the Marques Alfonso de Merry de Val [Spanish Ambassador to Britain] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], thanking him for a letter [on the export of coal from Britain to Spain]. 11 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/44/82 Draft telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to the Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet, [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], on bad military news from France, asking Jellicoe to consider the possibility of Germany controlling Calais and the French coasts. [Hand-written copy, initialled by WSC]. 24 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/44/83 Letter from Herbert Asquith, Prime Minister [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], giving approval for laying mines in the North Sea, after a conference on the attitude of the United States. Asquith urges WSC to start laying mines "without stinting, and if necessary on a Napoleonic scale". Includes covering note marked "Most Secret". 29 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/44/84-86 Letter from Rear-Admiral Horace Hood to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], giving his views on the Ostend and Zeebrugge [Belgium] expeditions, particularly on the position at Nieuport, and also on Hood's wish to return to the Dover Patrol. 30 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/44/87-88 Letter from Rear-Admiral Horace Hood to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on his decision to bring his six destroyers back from Belgium to the Dover Patrol, on news that German battleships were in the North Sea heading south. 03 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/44/89-96 Letter from Rear-Admiral Horace Hood (Hotel Crusader, Nieuport [Belgium]) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on the naval and military situation in France and Belgium, including: the use of Hood's ships at Nieuport; the placing of German guns along the shore; Hood's mining of the coastal waters; the chances of a Belgian advance; relations between the French and Belgians. 05 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/44/97 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the Prime Minister [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] and Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary] on the importance of the part to be played by Norway, the Netherlands and Belgium in the naval war with Germany. [Hand-written, initialled by WSC]. [Aug] 1914
CHAR 13/44/98 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary] on the attitude of Portugal, explaining that the Admiralty saw relations with Spain as being more important. [Hand-written, initialled by WSC]. 05 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/44/99 Envelope formerly containing correspondence between WSC and the Prime Minister, 1914-15. 1915
CHAR 13/44/100-105 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to [Herbert Asquith, Prime Minister, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith], commenting on a memorandum by Field Marshal Sir John French, Commander-in-Chief of the Expeditionary Forces in France [later 1st Lord Ypres] on the organisation of the "new army". 06 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/44/106 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the Chief of Staff, Admiralty [Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver], ordering Rear-Admiral Horace Hood to leave the gun vessels off the Belgian coast under his best officer, and return to Dover [Kent] to resume his duties as Admiral, Dover Patrol. [Hand-written, initialled by WSC and acknowledged by Oliver]. 07 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/44/107-108 Admiralty minutes, including notes by Charles Walker [Principal Clerk, Admiralty], Rear-Admiral Sir Frederick Hamilton, 2nd Sea Lord, and WSC, on the possible award of Russian decorations to British submarine crews in the Baltic, suggesting that the honours might be deferred until the submarines had sunk some important German ships. [Initialled by WSC]. 10 Nov 1914 - 16 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/44/109 Minute from James Masterton Smith [Private Secretary to WSC] to Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary], sending a memorandum by WSC [not present], and asking Grey to pass it on to 1st Lord Haldane. [Initialled by Grey]. 02 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/44/110-111 Letter from Andrew Bonar Law [Leader of the Conservative Party], (Pembroke Lodge, Kensington [London]) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on the Admiralty's poor administration of requisitioned merchant shipping. 19 Jul 1915
CHAR 13/44/112 Letter from the Marques Alfonso de Merry de Val [Spanish Ambassador to Britain] to WSC, thanking him for the trouble he had taken to help over the question of importing rosin and turpentine from Spain. 09 Apr 1915
CHAR 13/44/113-116 Letter from Commander Charles Samson [Naval Air Service] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], reporting on the occupation of Lille [France] by a British and French force, following the withdrawal of German forces. [Typescript copy]. 06 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/44/117-119 Letter from 2nd Lord Selborne (Blackmoor, Liss, Hampshire) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], sending his congratulations on naval operations off Heligoland [Germany], and also commenting on the formation of the Naval Division for service in France and Belgium: Selborne suggests that they be given naval as well as military training, so that they could be used in the Fleet if required. 31 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/44/120 Letter from Edward Marsh [Secretary to WSC] to Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary], asking him to approve a letter from WSC to Noel Noel-Buxton on the Balkans [not present]; includes Grey's reply stating that he was not happy with the draft, and asking to see WSC about it. 31 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/44/121 Envelope formerly containing correspondence between WSC and Sir Austen Chamberlain. 1914
CHAR 13/44/122-124 Letter from Edwin Montagu [Financial Secretary to Treasury] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on his proposal for a Minister of War Contracts or a civil Secretary of State for War, suggesting David Lloyd George for the post, and other staff for the proposed new department. 23 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/44/125 Envelope formerly containing correspondence between WSC and Andrew Bonar Law [Leader of the Conservative Party]. Mar 1915
CHAR 13/44/126 Letter from George Adam Smith, Principal of the University of Aberdeen, to WSC, informing him of his election as Rector of the University. [Annotated and initialled by WSC]. 07 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/44/127 Telegram from WSC to the University of Aberdeen, accepting the post of Rector of the University, undertaking to represent the students to the best of his ability. [Hand-written copy]. 07 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/44/128-133 Telegram from Robert Forgan and Gilbert Rose, University of Aberdeen Liberal Association, and Archibald Hyslop and Bernarde Davis, University of Aberdeen Unionist Association, to WSC, informing him of his election as Rector of the University. [3 copies]. 07 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/44/134-137 Letter from Lieutenant-Colonel Alfred Ollivant [General Staff Officer, Admiralty], to Colonel Macdonagh (War Office), on the formation of a Naval Motor Force at Dunkirk [France], and keeping in communication with the army. Also includes notes on the organisation of the Motor Force. [Carbon]. 29 Sep 1914