Official: Admiralty: Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher: Correspondence.

Reference code: CHAR 13/28

Part of: CHAR 13
Next record: CHAR 13/29
Previous record: CHAR 13/27A-B

Date: 01 Jan 1914 - 14 Dec 1914

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Physical: 1 bound file (123 folios)
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Contained records

Reference Record Date
CHAR 13/28/1-3 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on a letter from Charles Hobhouse in the Times, advocating smaller and cheaper ships. Fisher suggests that WSC should persuade Hobhouse "to go still further back to bows and arrows as being cheaper still and equally efficacious" and stresses the need for big ships with big guns and big speeds. [Hand-written, with typescript copy]. 08 Jan 1914
CHAR 13/28/4-5 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] stating that the Prime Minister [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] was supremacy". Fisher also comments that Germany was ordering submarines "on the quiet", and that it was a weak point in WSC's armour that Britain had fewer submarines than in 1910. [Hand-written, with typescript copy]. 16 Jan 1914
CHAR 13/28/6-7 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] with congratulations on WSC's speech [of 14 March] in Bradford [Yorkshire, on the situation in Ulster, Northern Ireland]. [Hand-written, with typescript copy; see also CHAR 9/49]. 16 Mar 1914
CHAR 13/28/8 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the German raid on Scarborough, Whitby [Yorkshire], and Hartlepool [County Durham] and on the dangers from mines in the North Sea. 17 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/28/9-10 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] sending a cutting from the Globe praising WSC's speech [of 14 March] in Bradford [Yorkshire, on the situation in Ulster, Northern Ireland] and telling him to "pass the Plural Voting Bill and d--n the consequences". [Hand-written, with typescript copy; see also CHAR 9/49]. 22 Mar 1914
CHAR 13/28/11-12 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] stating that Admiral Lord Charles Beresford should be called on to verify his "criminal statement" about the disloyalty of naval officers of high rank. [Hand-written, with typed transcript]. 24 Mar 1914
CHAR 13/28/13-14 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] recommending Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas [Martyn] Jerram, or Vice-Admiral Sir Alexander Bethell to succeed Vice-Admiral Sir John Jellicoe as 2nd Sea Lord. Fisher also comments on the "Cromwellian" 1st Lord Morley [of Blackburn], hinting at a story of Morley "succumbing to the aroma of knee breeches and silk stockings". [Hand-written, with typescript copy; second page of copy at CHAR 13/28/114]. 01 Apr 1914
CHAR 13/28/15-16 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on German submarines, stating that Grand-Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz [Head of the German Admiralty] was "digging out" with submarines which he was building ostensibly for others. Fisher comments that he played the same game himself when 1st Sea Lord and advises WSC to drop a Dreadnought and build 20 submarines in lieu. [Hand-written, with typescript copy]. 08 May 1914
CHAR 13/28/17-18 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the Conservative Party, stating that he dreaded their control of the Navy, and so was dead against them. [Hand-written, with typed transcript]. 22 May 1914
CHAR 13/28/19-20 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on various naval appointments, and on his meeting with Henri Deterding [Director-General, Royal Dutch Petroleum Company]. [Hand-written, with typed transcript]. 22 Jun 1914
CHAR 13/28/21-22 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, reporting that Henri Deterding [Director-General, Royal Dutch Petroleum Company] would make his fleet of oil tankers available to the Royal Navy in time of war. Fisher recommends knighthoods for Deterding, Alfred Yarrow [President, Yarrow and Company Limited, shipbuilders] and Alexander Gracie [Director, Cammell Laird and Company]. Fisher also reports his meeting with Arthur Balfour, who had "thanked God that you were First Lord". [Hand-written, with typed transcript]. 31 Jul 1914
CHAR 13/28/23-24 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] with congratulations on WSC's speech at the Guildhall [London] on the Royal Navy. Includes press-cutting on the German cruisers, Goeben and Breslau, in Turkey. [Hand-written, with typed transcript; further copy at CHAR 13/28/115]. [Aug] [1914]
CHAR 13/28/25-26 Letter from Wilfred Henderson, Commodore, 1st Naval Brigade, to Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher, on the training of the Naval Brigade, asking if he would be willing to visit them. [Hand-written, with typescript copy]. 07 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/28/27-28 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on WSC's prediction made in 1911, that the war would begin in August 1914. Fisher also comments on Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Wilson's plan for ships to attack Cuxhaven [Germany], recommending against ships attacking forts. [Hand-written, with typescript copy]. 09 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/28/29-30 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] sending a copy of his telegram to the 1st Naval Brigade, of which he was Honorary Colonel. [Hand-written, with typescript copy]. 10 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/28/31-33 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher to WSC, reporting his meeting with an American lady recently returned from Germany. Fisher comments on the internment of his daughter [Beatrix Neeld, earlier Beatrix Fisher], and son-in-law [Rear-Admiral Reginald Neeld] and alarm in Dusseldorf and Metz following British raids. [Hand-written, with typed transcript]. 21 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/28/34-35 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] to WSC, on the need to elaborate Britain's instant war action if the Germans "evinced a certain liveliness" in the North Sea. [Hand-written, with typescript copy]. 08 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/28/36-37 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on his letter to Sir John Bradbury [Joint Permanent Secretary to the Treasury] on the loss of wireless equipment, through Treasury opposition to new wireless stations. Fisher also comments on Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Wilson's plan to move the Grand Fleet to Rosyth [Fife, Scotland] and recommends the construction of 32-knot battle cruisers. [Hand-written, with typescript copy]. 20 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/28/38-39 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] urging him to persuade Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War] to send 100,000 men to Flanders [Belgium] at once. Fisher also comments on the lack of daring shown by General Joseph Joffre [Commander-in-Chief, French Army]. [Hand-written, with typescript copy]. 21 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/28/40-44 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] welcoming him back from a visit to France. Fisher comments on subjects including the fortification of Scapa Flow [Orkney, Scotland] and the inadequacy of wireless abroad, stressing the need for five high power stations overseas. [Hand-written, with typescript copy]. 08 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/28/45-50 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on Vice- Admiral Sir [Frederick] Doveton Sturdee's success in the Battle of the Falklands, urging WSC not to be too exultant until the full details were known. Fisher also comments on the escape of German ships from New York, adding that the United States was helping German colliers. [Hand-written, with typescript copy]. 10 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/28/51-52 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] commenting on a "lovely" scheme, WSC's unpopularity and losses at Aboukir [Egypt]. [Hand-written, with typescript copy]. 11 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/28/53-54 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the Battle of the Falklands; Fisher also comments on resuming air attacks. [Hand-written, with typescript copy]. 12 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/28/55-56 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], reporting a letter from Captain Lionel Halsey, HMS New Zealand, reporting that it was impossible to exaggerate the efficiency of the 1st Battle Cruiser Squadron under Rear-Admiral Sir David Beatty. [Hand-written, with typescript copy]. 12 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/28/57-58 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] asking for approval of his paper on recognition for the Engineer Branch of the Royal Navy. [Hand-written, with typescript copy]. 15 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/28/59-61 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] to Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Wilson, criticising Vice-Admiral Sir George Warrender's handling of the 2nd Battle Squadron, in an action in the North Sea, following a German raid on the East Coast. Includes Wilson's reply. [Hand-written, with typescript copy]. [Dec] 1914
CHAR 13/28/62-63 Minute from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on a confidential paper [not present], asking if it would be seen by Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary]. Fisher also comments on Norway being out of the war. [Hand-written, with typescript copy]. 17 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/28/64-67 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on his meeting with an Italian officer, recently in Berlin [Germany], who reported that the Germans were planning a series of raids on the coast, similar to the raid on Scarborough [Yorkshire]. Fisher also comments on the escape of the German cruiser Dresden following the Battle of the Falkland Islands. [Hand-written, with typescript copy]. 19 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/28/68-69 Minute from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] and Rear-Admiral Henry Oliver, Chief of Staff, Admiralty, stating that as the Invincible and the Inflexible had expended 75 per cent of their ammunition, and there was a danger of their being intercepted by the Derfflinger, Vice-Admiral Sir [Frederick] Doveton Sturdee should be instructed to take his squadron to Jamaica. Includes a note by Oliver, stating that the battle cruisers should go to St Vincent without delay as Jamaica was remote, and poorly defended. [Hand-written, with typescript copy]. 21 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/28/70-71 Minute from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the importance of a paper on wireless that WSC was taking to Cabinet. Fisher also comments on the need for 32-knot battle cruisers armed with 15-inch guns. [Hand-written, with typescript copy; includes postscript at CHAR 13/28/77]. 22 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/28/72-73 Minute from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] stating that he was busy with "Christmas friends" and would therefore not be in the office unless something urgent occurred. [Hand-written, with typescript copy]. 23 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/28/74-76 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord], thanking him for sending a letter from Vice-Admiral Sir John Jellicoe [Commander-in-Chief, Grand Fleet]. WSC also states that officers should not be dismissed for a single failure unless there were other reasons to think that they were incompetent, adding that he could not remove Vice-Admiral Sir George Warrender from the 2nd Battle Squadron as he was trained in good fleet work, and was well thought of in the Fleet. WSC also praises Commodore Roger Keyes [Captain and Commodore in charge of the Submarine Service] as "merit, zeal and courage must not be easily overthrown by bad luck". [Hand-written copy, with typed transcript]. 23 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/28/77 Postscript to CHAR 13/28/70-71. 22 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/28/78-79 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] criticising Vice-Admiral Sir George Warrender [Commander, 2nd Battle Squadron] for allowing German battle cruisers to escape following a raid on Scarborough [Yorkshire]. Fisher suggests that Warrender be made Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth, in succession to Admiral Sir Hedworth Meux [earlier Hedworth Lambton] and that Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden should succeed Warrender and Vice-Admiral Sir [Frederick] Doveton Sturdee then be sent to the Dardanelles as Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean in Carden's place. [Hand-written, with typescript copy]. 23 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/28/80-81 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the new battle cruisers, Repulse and Renown. [Hand-written, with typescript copies]. 27 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/28/82-83 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the new battle cruisers, Repulse and Renown, reporting his meeting with the contractor. [Hand-written, with typed copy]. 28 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/28/84-85 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on German mining operations in the North Sea. [Hand-written, with typed copy]. 29 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/28/86-87 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on subjects including the new battle cruisers, Repulse and Renown. [Hand-written, with typed copy]. 30 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/28/88-90 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on British ship movements off the east coast, particularly problems of congestion at Harwich [Essex]; also on Fisher's summons to see King George V. [Hand-written, with typed transcript]. [Dec] [1914]
CHAR 13/28/91-92 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on problems caused by the neutrality of the United States. Fisher also complains of the slowness of the British admirals, and urges that the raid on Cuxhaven [Germany] should be carried out as soon as possible. [Hand-written; typescript copy at CHAR 13/28/111-113]. [1914]
CHAR 13/28/93-95 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher, to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on submarine attacks on merchant shipping, citing instances from the China-Japan War; Fisher also comments on a successor to Roger Keyes [Captain and Commodore in charge of the Submarine Service], suggesting Admiral Reginald Bacon. 05 Jan 1914
CHAR 13/28/96 Note from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher to WSC, on H A Gwynne, Editor of the Morning Post, who had inferred that Fisher was senile, suggesting that Gwynne be locked up. [1914]
CHAR 13/28/97 Note from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher to WSC, sending an article [not present] by J L Garvin [Editor, Pall Mall Gazette] from the Gazette, and commenting "Good old Garvin". [1914]
CHAR 13/28/98-103 Letter from Vice-Admiral Sir John Jellicoe [Commander- in-Chief, Grand Fleet] to Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] on the need for a large destroyer force to be attached to the Grand Fleet. [Typescript copy]. 04 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/28/104 Telegram from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher to the First Royal Naval Brigade, on the privilege of being their Honorary Colonel. Fisher states that he was coming to see them immediately, and was looking forward to hearing of their "splendid duty both by sea and land". 09 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/28/105-108 Press cutting from the Globe, praising a speech by WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the Naval Estimates; includes extract on the theft of funds by an Admiralty employee. [Typescript copy]. 20 Mar 1914 - 22 Mar 1914
CHAR 13/28/109-110 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher to the Prime Minister [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] with a memorandum for the Committee of Imperial Defence on: possible attack on Britain from overseas; the Channel Tunnel; and the protection of British shipping in time of war. [Typescript copy]. [May] 1914
CHAR 13/28/111-112 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the German raid on Scarborough and Whitby [Yorkshire] and Hartlepool [County Durham], and on the dangers from mines in the North Sea [typescript copy; part of original at CHAR 13/28/92]. 17 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/28/113 Typescript copy of part of letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher, to [WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty] on problems caused by the neutrality of the United States. Includes copy of extract from the Westminster Gazette on a British collier [? being attacked] in the Panama Canal [cutting at CHAR 13/28/116-123]. [Original letter at CHAR 13/28/91]. [1914]
CHAR 13/28/114 Typescript copy of part of letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher, to [WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on 1st Lord Morley of Blackburn, hinting at a story of Morley "succumbing to the aroma of knee] breeches and silk stockings". [Original at CHAR 13/28/13-14]. [01 Apr 1914]
CHAR 13/28/115 Typescript copy of letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher, to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], with congratulations on WSC's speech at the Guildhall [London] on the Royal Navy. [Original at CHAR 13/28/23-24]. [Aug 1914]
CHAR 13/28/116-123 Assembled press cuttings, including: cutting from the Westminster Gazette on a British collier [? being attacked] in the Panama Canal [typescript copy at CHAR 13/28/113]; cutting reporting a message from Vice-Admiral Sir [Frederick] Doveton Sturdee on the Battle of the Falklands; cutting with note by Admiral Lord Charles Beresford stating that many naval officers would resign if ordered to coerce Ulster [Northern Ireland]; cutting from the Globe praising WSC's speech on the naval estimates; cutting protesting against the Morning Post's attacks on the Admiralty; cutting on the theft of funds by an Admiralty employee [typescript copy at CHAR 13/28/107-108]. [1914]