Official: Home Office: Newport Strike: South Wales Riots. Correspondence and papers.

Reference code: CHAR 12/6

Part of: CHAR 12
Next record: CHAR 12/7
Previous record: CHAR 12/5

Date: 1910 - 1911

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Access: Physical: 1 file (52 folios)
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Contained records

Reference Record Date
CHAR 12/6/1 Letter from Sydney Buxton [President of the Board of Trade] to WSC enclosing a letter to the Prime Minister [Herbert Asquith] concerning proceedings in South Wales [see CHAR 12/6/2-3]. He warns that to settle the dispute between mine owners and miners it may be necessary to alter the Eight Hours Act to accommodate a half day holiday for miners on Saturdays. Signed manuscript. 26 Mar 1910
CHAR 12/6/2-3 Copy of a letter from Sydney Buxton [President of the Board of Trade] to Herbert Asquith detailing the progress of a dispute between mine owners and miners in South Wales which may develop into a "very serious and far-reaching strike". He reports that the representatives of the Board of Trade, [George] Askwith and [I H ] Mitchell, found that negotiations between the two sides had broken off, and therefore arranged a meeting between Buxton and two representatives of the mine owners. Buxton doubts that the next meeting between the mine owners' representatives will resolve the difficulties between the two sides, which he predicts will necessitate changes to the Eight Hours Act. He reports that the Miners Federation are threatening to call out miners all over the country and that the owners would welcome a strike as an opportunity to withdraw concessions granted previously. Manuscript in the hand of Sydney Buxton. Covering letter at CHAR 12/6/1. [Mar] [1910]
CHAR 12/6/4 Letter from Charles Masterman [Under Secretary of State, Home Office] to "Childe" asking him to establish an Independent Appeal Board for taxicar licenses and "make an 'honest woman' of his sweetheart", and referring to a "slight difficulty" in Avonmouth [Gloucestershire] over the Houlder Bros [one of the shipping companies involved with the dockers' strike at Newport, Monmouthshire, Wales]. Manuscript signed with initials. [May] [1910]
CHAR 12/6/5 Letter from Sir Edward Troup [Permanent Under Secretary of State, Home Office] to WSC forwarding an enclosure detailing events which have occurred since WSC left [see CHAR 12/6/6-8]. He explains that he has not been able to contact anyone at the War Office, refers to the landing of a "possible invader", and says that he has informed [Richard] Haldane [Secretary of State for War] of WSC's opinions on the use of mounted troops. Signed manuscript. 21 May 1910
CHAR 12/6/6-8 Transcript of communications detailing events [of the dockers' strike in Newport, Monmouthshire, Wales] including: telegrams between the Home Office and the Chief Constable of Newport concerning requests for re-enforcements of Metropolitan Police; a telegram from the Lord Mayor of Newport requesting that the War Office should prepare 200 infantry and 100 cavalry to assist in the dock strike; a letter from Sir Edward Troup [Permanent Under Secretary of State, Home Office] to Sir Edward Ward [Permanent Under Secretary of State, War Office] explaining that WSC is keen to avoid the use of troops and would prefer cavalry to be used, if necessary, to diminish the risk of loss of life; and a telegram from the Mayor of Newport concerning local troops and requesting 250 Metropolitan Police and 50 mounted police. Typescript with manuscript notes by Sir Edward Troup. Covering letter at CHAR 12/6/5. 21 May 1910
CHAR 12/6/9 Letter from Sir Edward Troup [Permanent Under Secretary of State, Home Office] to WSC enclosing transcribed materials [see CHAR 12/6/10-14] relating to the dockers' strike in Newport [Monmouthshire, Wales]. He comments that the successful result is due to the support given to the local authorities combined with insistence on conciliation, and remarks on his interview with Mr Houlder [Chairman of Houlder Brothers Shipping Company] "if Mr Houlder bullies his stevedores as he tried to bully me, it is no wonder there was a strike!" Signed manuscript. 22 May 1910
CHAR 12/6/10-14 Transcribed material relating to the dockers' strike in Newport [Monmouthshire, Wales] including: a telegram from the Mayor of Newport to the Home Office saying that the dispute has been settled and that troops and police will not be required; notes of an interview between Sir Edward Troup [Permanent Under Secretary of State, Home Office] and Mr Houlder [Chairman of Houlder Brothers Shipping Company] and a telegram from [I H] Mitchell [representing the Board of Trade] confirming that both parties had agreed to arbitration by the Board of Trade. Typescript. Covering letter at CHAR 12/6/9. 22 May 1910
CHAR 12/6/15 Note from I H M[itchell, a representative of the Board of Trade] to Sir Edward Troup [Permanent Under Secretary of State, Home Office] enclosing an agreement between the dockers' Unions, representatives of the shipping companies involved [in the dockers' strike at Newport, Monmouthshire, Wales], the Mayor [of Newport] and the Board of Trade [see CHAR 12/6/16]. Typescript. 23 May 1910
CHAR 12/6/16 Copy of an agreement between the shipping companies [involved with the dockers' strike in Newport, Monmouthshire, Wales], their general cargo employees, the Mayor [of Newport] and the Board of Trade concerning the dispute over a proposal by the shipping company, Houlder Brothers, to substitute "days wages for a tonnage weight of payment". Typescript. Covering letter at CHAR 12/6/15. 21 May 1910
CHAR 12/6/17 Copy of a letter from [Sir Edward Troup, Permanent Under Secretary of State, Home Office] on behalf of [WSC] to the Secretary of the Board of Trade expressing satisfaction at the agreement reached between Houlder Brothers [one of the shipping companies involved in the dockers' strike at Newport, Monmouthshire, Wales] and their general cargo employees, and congratulating those involved with the negotiations for their tact and discretion, particularly [I H] Mitchell [a representative of the Board of Trade]. Unsigned typescript. 23 May 1910
CHAR 12/6/18 Copy of a letter from [Sir Edward Troup, Permanent Under Secretary of State, Home Office] on behalf of [WSC] to the Mayor of Newport [Monmouthshire, Wales] expressing satisfaction at the agreement reached between Houlder Brothers [one of the shipping companies involved in the dockers' strike at Newport] and their general cargo employees, and congratulating the Mayor and the Watch Committee for their "careful attention". Unsigned typescript. 23 May 1910
CHAR 12/6/18A Copy of a letter from [Sir Edward Troup, Permanent Under Secretary of State, Home Office] on behalf of [WSC] to John Macauley, General Manager of the Alexandra Works and Railway Company, expressing satisfaction at the agreement reached between Houlder Brothers [one of the shipping companies involved in the dockers' strike at Newport, Monmouthshire, Wales] and their general cargo employees, and thanking him for his "conciliatory spirit". Unsigned typescript. 23 May 1910
CHAR 12/6/19 Letter from Sir Edward Troup [Permanent Under Secretary of State, Home Office] to WSC enclosing a report [see CHAR 12/6/21-24] by [I H] Mitchell on the settlement [between Houlder Brothers, one of the shipping companies involved with the dockers' strike at Newport, Monmouthshire, Wales and their general cargo employees]. He also encloses copies of the letters of thanks sent on WSC's behalf [see CHAR 12/6/17, CHAR 12/6/18, CHAR 12/6/18A and CHAR 12/6/20], mentions that Houlder Brothers may try to repudiate the agreement, and refers to the Jesshope capital case. Signed manuscript. 23 May 1910
CHAR 12/6/20 Copy of a letter from [Sir Edward Troup, Permanent Under Secretary of State, Home Office] on behalf of [WSC] to the Chief Constable of Newport [Monmouthshire, Wales] expressing satisfaction at the agreement reached between Houlder Brothers [one of the shipping companies involved with the dockers' strike at Newport, Monmouthshire, Wales] and their general cargo employees, and thanking him for his "efforts to protect person and property". Unsigned typescript. 23 May 1910
CHAR 12/6/21-24 Copy of a report by I H M[itchell, a representative of the Board of Trade] in which he reports that Houlder Brothers [one of the shipping companies involved with the dockers' strike at Newport, Monmouthshire, Wales] had repudiated the agreement reached with their general cargo employees, and intended to use men from the Shipping Federation to load a boat at Newport. He reports that the action of this firm threatens to revive "the trouble" [of the dockers' strike]. Typescript. Notes by Sir Edward Troup [Permanent Under Secretary of State, Home Office] concerning the aggressive behaviour of the representatives of Houlder Brothers, and a meeting with the Mayor of Newport. Manuscript signed with initials. 24 May 1910
CHAR 12/6/25 Letter from Sir Edward Troup [Permanent Under Secretary of State, Home Office] to WSC concerning the opinions of Sir Rufus Isaacs [later Lord Reading] and "Rowlatt" on the actions of the Home Office [during the dockers' strike] at Newport [Monmouthshire, Wales]. Sir Edward reports that Richard Haldane has signed a letter on WSC's behalf relating to the Queen becoming a Lady of the Order of the Garter. He adds that he hopes the Home Office messenger has found his way to Venice [Italy]. Signed manuscript. 30 May 1910
CHAR 12/6/26 Letter from Sir Edward Troup [Permanent Under Secretary of State, Home Office] to WSC asking for his opinion on a proposal by Sir Edward Henry [Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police]. Signed manuscript. See CHAR 12/6/27. 03 Jun 1910
CHAR 12/6/27 Letter from Sir Edward Troup [Permanent Under Secretary of State, Home Office] to WSC informing him that [Hugh] Massingham [editor of the Nation] will correct a mistake concerning Jesshope's execution. He mentions the Home Office's work drafting replies to addresses to King George V, and that [Sir Edward] Henry [Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police] has proposed an act of grace to mark the accession of King George V. Signed manuscript. 03 Jun 1910
CHAR 12/6/28 Letter from Sir Arthur Bigge [later Lord Stamfordham, Permanent Secretary to King George V] (York Cottage, Sandringham, Norfolk) to WSC expressing concern on behalf of the King at reports of riots in South Wales and requesting a report of events from WSC. Signed manuscript. 09 Nov 1910
CHAR 12/6/29 Letter from Alexander Murray [Master of Elibank, later Lord Murray of Elibank, Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury] to WSC marked "confidentially dictated" enclosing newspaper cuttings [concerning the miners' strike at Tonypandy, Glamorgan, Wales] and commenting "the principal Liberal papers...are backing you" Signed typescript. See CHAR 12/6/30 and CHAR 12/6/31. 10 Nov 1910
CHAR 12/6/30 Newspaper cuttings relating to WSC's decision to send re-enforcements of police to the riots and miners' strike at Tonypandy [Glamorgan, Wales] instead of the military force requested by the Chief Constable. Cuttings from: the Daily News, the Daily Chronicle, the Morning Leader and the Manchester Guardian. Covering letter at CHAR 12/6/29. 09 Nov 1910 - 10 Nov 1910
CHAR 12/6/31 Transcript of a newspaper article from the Liverpool Daily Post relating to WSC's decision to send re-enforcements of police to the riots and miners' strike at Tonypandy [Glamorgan, Wales] instead of the military force requested by the Chief Constable. Typescript. Covering letter at CHAR 12/6/29. 10 Nov 1910
CHAR 12/6/32 Telegram from King George V (Sandringham) to WSC thanking him for his report of the riots [at Tonypandy, Glamorgan] Wales and hoping that the news that horses have been lost in the mines is not true. Manuscript. 10 Nov 1910
CHAR 12/6/33 Letter from Thomas Rees, editor of the Cambria Daily Leader (Leader Buildings, 151 Fleet Street [London]) to WSC congratulating him for his decision to delay the military troops sent to [the riots] at Tonypandy [Glamorgan, Wales], as "the sacrifice of life" which would have resulted could not have been rectified. Signed manuscript. 10 Nov 1910
CHAR 12/6/34-35 Copy of a letter from [WSC] ([Home Office]) to [David Lloyd George] concerning the riots [at Tonypandy, Glamorgan] Wales expressing concern at the tension between police and rioters. Although the police are strong enough to deal with the situation, they cannot remain there indefinitely, and contact between the rioters and the military could lead to "consequences of utmost gravity". [WSC] appeals to [David Lloyd George] for assistance because of his influence in Wales and knowledge of the Welsh language, ending "Unless some real quality is put into this business we shall get into very deep water indeed". Unsigned typescript. 13 Nov 1910
CHAR 12/6/36 Letter from George Askwith [Comptroller General Commercial, Labour and Statistical Departments, Board of Trade] (12 Hans Crescent [London]) to [WSC] concerning a meeting with employers connected with the "disturbed mines" [at Tonypandy, Glamorgan, Wales]. Subjects covered include: the inability of the Board of Trade to intervene until the constitutional position has been restored; a problem of blackleg labour; and the employers' request for protection for life and property. Manuscript annotated "dictated". 13 Nov [1910]
CHAR 12/6/37 Letter from Sydney Buxton [President of the Board of Trade] to WSC concerning negotiations between the mine owners and striking miners [at Tonypandy, Glamorgan, Wales]. He confirms the opinion of [George] Askwith [Comptroller General Commercial, Labour and Statistical Departments, Board of Trade] that the Board of Trade cannot intervene until the constitutional position has been restored. Signed typescript. 14 Nov 1910
CHAR 12/6/38 Letter from Sir Arthur Bigge [later Lord Stamfordham, Permanent Secretary to King George V] (York Cottage, Sandringham, Norfolk) to WSC thanking him on behalf of the King for his letter concerning the riots [at Tonypandy, Glamorgan] Wales. He reports that the King is glad that WSC has confidence in Major-General [Cecil] Macready [Director of Personal Services, War Office] and that WSC had defended the conduct of the police against criticism by Keir Hardie. Signed manuscript. 15 Nov 1910
CHAR 12/6/39 Filing instruction initialled by WSC. 30 May [1910]
CHAR 12/6/40-49 Notes marked "confidential" concerning the imminent danger of sympathetic strikes created by a "new force" in trade unionism and the spread of the concepts of sympathetic strikes and of a general strike. Suggestions to avoid this possibility include: compulsory arbitration; the power to report after investigation; the establishment of a Permanent Industrial Commission; and consultation on the steps which should be taken in the event of a general strike. Typescript with handwritten corrections. c 1910
CHAR 12/6/50-51 Letter from Major-General Cecil Macready [Director of Personal Services, War Office] (New Inn Hotel, Pontypridd, South Wales) to WSC concerning his role as commander of the military forces sent to the riots at Tonypandy (Glamorgan, Wales). He attributes the success of the co-ordination between the Metropolitan Police and the military to an excellent intelligence system and co-operation, and says that he is preparing a report on the events. Signed typescript. 01 Jan 1911
CHAR 12/6/52 Letter from Sir Robert Perks (15 Great George Street, Westminster [London]) to WSC relaying the opinions of a prominent Weslyan Methodist Minister about the riots at Tonypandy [Glamorgan, Wales]. Signed typescript. 06 Feb 1911